Internal and External Motivation

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Hawthorne Effect > Best Practices > Internal and External Motivation

Internal and External Motivation
VENKATESWARAN, Teacher, India, Member
Employee motivation depends on two factors: internal and external:
- Internal factors depend on his needs, knowledge or lack of it, interest to learn, values, confidence levels and medium and long term goals.
- External facors should supplement and complement the internal factors through proper face to face interaction with the individual by HR personnel, through giving the necessary support and confidence to the employee, to instill in him the hope that the orginator is equally concerned in his welfare-as much as he is in himself.
This has to be proved by giving him proper recognition for his good work, give him more and additional responsibility, reward him timely and make him independent of job responsibilities.
These external initiatives would improve his personality and confidence and hence would sustain his motivation levels.

Intrinsic and External Motivation
van de Vlekkert
Indeed next to intrinsic motivation to start working in a certain job area should be enhanced by external motivation empowered by the organisation you work for.
If management decisions are not in line with the intrinsic motivation, the workforce will feel dissatisfied and will spend a lot of energy in finding ways to avoid collision between intrinsic and external motivation. Usually by finding allies having the same dissatisfaction.
Money is not enough to get people going. Also they need autonomy, a high level of independence, room for self development and initiative.
In other words, values less easy to quantify or soft motivators. For more detail see also the hygiene / motivation theory by Herzberg.

Motivation also Comes from a Superior / Manager
Haris Jamaluddin, Management Consultant, Malaysia, Member
External motivation of a worker also derives from having a dedicated superior. Superiors play an important role. It's not just about money that can drive human to perform better, there are other factors such as love and satisfaction that are important to human being. Get your staff love their jobs and tell them you satisfied with their effort, surely they will do more, and never give up to educate and coach them, a continuous effort is necessary to see good results.

Motivation: a Two Dimensional Issue
Ogunshola Gabriel, Student (University), Nigeria, Member
I believe that indeed motivation comes from 2 dimensions; one is self motivation and the other is motivation from external sources.
But it will be a difficult task motivating someone who finds it difficult to be self motivated. Motivational efforts from external sources simply provide support to self motivation which, to me, is the most crucial aspect of motivation.

Joao Alberto Catalao, CEO, Portugal, Member
I don't believe in motivation. I believe in self-motivation... And motivated people must work with motivated people around...

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