Human Relations Movement and Scientific Management
The Hawthorne Experiments were the very first beginning of the human relations movement
. The HR movement came up at the time when the scientific management
of Frederic Taylor was the standard. People thought this was a very rational way of work in an organisation.
Elton Mayo had set a standard of how to deal with employees in business but in 1950-1955 people started to realise that working in organisations was beginning to look more like a club of friends having fun in stead of work as it should be. Warren G. Bennis said: 'The approach of Taylor is an organisation without people and the HR-movement is more like groups of people without organisation'.
The first person who tried to join the two theories
was Rensis Likert
. He focused on the organisation structure and the communication
, introducing the linking pin-structure
. In this model the employees are divided in groups and the leader of the group is also a member of a higher group. He leads the group but also ensures proper communication to the higher group.