Kotler's New 4C Marketing Mix for the Digital Economy
In the digital economy the conventional Marketing Mix with 4P's must evolve to accommodate more customer participation. Kotler et al. suggest a marketing mix with four C's: Co-creation, Currency, Communal Activation and Conversation:
- CO-CREATION: In the digital economy, co-creation is the new product development strategy. The product is developed by involving customers at the ideation stage. This increases the rate of success. Co-creation also allows for customization and personalization of the products, thereby providing superior value prepositions.
- CURRENCY: Co-created products are offered at dynamic pricing, based on market demands. In the digital economy, price is similar to currency, which fluctuates depending on market demand. Industries like airlines, hospitality, retail, and all e-commerce shopping platforms today generate huge amounts of data from their customers. Using big data analytics these industries are able to provide differential pricing to different customers based on their history of purchase, location, and other profile aspects.
- COMMUNAL ACTIVATION: In the connected world, consumers demand access to products and services instantly. And with brands going global these needs can be served only by peers in close proximity. Players like as Airbnb, Uber, Zipcar, and Lending Club are disrupting the hospitality, taxi, car rental, and banking industries. This peer-to-peer distribution is the essence of communal activation.
- CONVERSATION: Traditionally promotion was a one-sided affair, wherein companies used to just make the offerings to the customers. Today, customers can easily respond to the brand offerings and brand messages and thereby generating valuable conversations. The rise of customer-rating systems such as TripAdvisor and Yelp provide a platform for customers to have conversations about and offer evaluations of brands they have interacted with.
⇒ What do you think of this new Marketing Mix?
Philip Kotler, Hermavan Kartajaya, Iwan Setiawan, (2017). "Marketing 4.0: Moving from Traditional to Digital", pp. 50-51.