Intrinsic PLUS Extrinsic Motivation at the Same Yime
Jaap de Jonge, Editor, Netherlands
EXTRINSIC MOTIVATION occurs when a person is motivated to perform a behavior or engage in an activity to earn a reward or avoid punishment. In this case, that persons engage in the behavior not because they enjoy it or because they find it satisfying, but in order to get something in return or avoid something unpleasant.
INTRINSIC MOTIVATION involves performing or engaging in a behavior or an activity because it is personally rewarding; essentially, performing an activity for its own sake rather than the desire for some external reward. Essentially, the behavior or activity is its own reward.
Can they come together? Yes, in fact I think they quite often do. Some simple examples are:
- Participating in a sport because you find the trainings and competition fun AND because you could win prizes/rewards.
- Studying because you are interested in developing yourself AND because it will upgrade your CV.
- Working because you like the challenges and social contacts AND because you need the money.