When does a position belong in management versus a Union?
Many countries have legislative criteria on what positions would be excluded from union membership.
In Canada, positions are typically excluded if they exercise management responsibilities or if they are directly involved in labour relations. In some provinces, named positions (i.e. doctors, dentists, lawyers and others) may be excluded.
If management and union officials cannot agree on whether or not a position is included in the scope of the union, the parties can refer the position to the provincial labour relations board (LRB). In some cases, where a position carries out quasi-management responsibilities (i.e. supervise, hire, approve vacations, etc.), it may be included within the scope of the Union if the functions can be overturned by a higher level manager and the position is low in the organization's hierarchy.
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