Are Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions still Valid?

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Cultural Dimensions > Best Practices > Are Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions still Valid?

Are Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions still Valid?
Ilonka Sargent
Hofstede cultural dimensions are over 30 years old. Are they still valid.. that can be questioned.

Current Validity of Cultural Dimensions Model
Henri de Jongste
Dear Ilonka, To my mind the standard answer would be that cultural core values are slow to change, so in that respect the answer is yes. On the other hand, the dimensions are no more than a necessarily coarse framework that can only indicate general preferences, as Hofstede says himself. In that respect it may be that stronger claims are sometimes made than are warranted by the master himself.

Cultural Dimensions are still valid
Eleazar Guillen Valle
The five dimensions of Hofstede are still valid even though the idea was developed more than 30 years ago.
But, one thing is for sure: cultures are constantly changing and a country that had a certain score or classification on any of the cultural dimensions may not be in that spot anymore.
And: other dimensions might have to be added now that we have a better understanding of the issue. Conculsion: the basic framework is excellent to study culture, but knowing that we have to update the classifications of countries from time to time.

Cultural Dimensions Still Useful, but Needs Complemetary Models
Jim Mumper
In reality, these cultural dimensions ARE 30 years old and much has emerged in the field of intercultural education. That Hofstede has contributed greatly to the field is not questioned, however, there has been quite a bit of critique of the research over time, especially related to his 5th dimension on Long-term/short-term orientation. Hofstede's contribution cannot be overlooked, but it also needs to be looked at as part of the paving of a road that leads us further into more precise models.

More Recent Models Than Hofstede
Cindy Lanphear
If Hofstede's model is too old for contemporary analysis, which model should we be using for national cultural research?

Hofstede Model is Still the Best to Analyze Culture Differences
Fernando Lanzer, Management Consultant, Netherlands, Member
@Cindy Lanphear: Hofstede's model is still the best model to look at culture differences.
The research has been repeated many times by others, as recently as 2010, and they all confirm the original findings. To disregard it as "outdated" is a bit like saying that Newton's Law of Gravity should have been discarded 200 years ago, because it's 300 years old.
New findings on culture have not contradicted Hofstede, just added to what he found.

Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions are still Relevant
Radya Radi, Professor, Morocco, Member
Translated by Editor
I believe that the cultural dimensions of Hofstede are still relevant, but considering the cultural changes caused by globalization, there will certainly be changes on the cultural map of the world.
Indeed as a Moroccan I notice for example that society here is becoming increasingly individualistic and there is a rapid feminization of the labor market etc.
@Fernando Lanzer : could you please tell what 2010 study you allude to in your comment? Thank you for responding...

6th Dimension in Hofstede's Model of Culture Dimensions
Fernando Lanzer, Management Consultant, Netherlands, Member
@Radya Radi: I meant the new edition of Hofstede's "Culture and organizations" which includes new research and introduces a 6th dimension.
But almost every month there is new research being published around Hofstede's dimensions, it's a favourite subject for graduate students in the US and Europe.

Are Hofstede's Dimensions Still Valid?
KC Lim, CEO, Malaysia, Member
I have just posted briefly on these with reference to understanding Chinese culture. I am ethnically Chinese and my family (parents, siblings, children) practices Chinese culture.
For one, I am also familiar wit Confucianism, Taoism and other Chinese beliefs.
However, in Malaysia, as a multi-ethnic society, we are also exposed to Malay and Indian culture (not to mention, various religions such as Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity and Taoism).
All these tend to moderate our 'inherent' culture and I do not know how to put it but to become more adaptable or flexible?

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