Applicant Attribution-Reaction Theory
Anneke Zwart, Student (University), Netherlands, Moderator
Ployart and Harold proposed a new theory called the Applicant Attribution-Reaction Theory (AART) by combining both theories from applicants reactions literature and of attribution theories. AART states that attributional processes are in fact causing the responses of applicants’, such as test performance or perceptions.Thus, these perceptions barely have explanatory power, they are the consequences of attributional processes.
The authors describe 7 steps in AART, listed below:
1. Objective Event: this part represents the staffing processes that take place, such as the meetings, selection methods, the completion of a test or being a participant in an interview. By answering the question which events will encourage attributional search, these types of events are often characterized by being surprising, important, undesirable or stressful. Events with such conditions will most of the times result in a search for what caused the event.
The following fou...