About Organizing as a Management Function
Organizing is the framework of dividing, grouping and/or coordinating job tasks.
The primary aim of organizing is to
- Divide jobs into departments
- Coordinate them
- Cluster the jobs into the units
- Establish relationships
- Establish formal lines of authority
- Allocate and deploy resources
Most organizations are based on such a design.
Major organizational changes have to address the above 6 things as well. For example, it is possible to address following changes via the organizational design:
- Departmentalization (practiced by most of the org)
- Work specialization (practiced after the industrial revolution up to now)
- Chain of command (practiced by most of autocratic organizations)
- Span of control (this will not be in use anymore in future due to virtual org)
- Centralised or decentralised (mostly in government versus private sector)