How to Moderate the Effect of Negative Moods on Your (Team's) Performance




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Anneke Zwart
Student (University), Netherlands

How to Moderate the Effect of Negative Moods on Your (Team's) Performance

POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE MOODS
You and your employees experience different moods. These moods can be roughly divided into positive and negative moods. Moods are important, because they influence the level of performance at work. Negative moods lead to lower levels of performance and productivity, and a good mood is often associated with higher levels of performance.

TWO ISSUES WITH NEGATIVE MOODS
However less is known about:
1. Why negative moods are associated with poor performance, and
2. What can be done about it.
Chi, Chang and Huang (2015) studied the types of negative moods and their associations with performance and productivity levels by applying a self-control theory. Some types of self-control related characteristics are able to mitigate the effects of negative moods on performance and productivity levels. If organizations can adapt their organizational practices towards such characteristics they can create an environment in which performance and productivity levels can be maximized.

WHY ARE NEGATIVE MOODS PROBLEMATIC? SELF CONTROL
What is self-control? Self-control is referred to as the ability to control one’s emotions, behaviors and thus performances so as to realize one’s personal objectives and desires. When one fails to control one-self (self-control failure), a negative mood will be experienced.

SELF CONTROL THEORY
According to the self-control theory, negative moods lead to lower-levels of self-control in three ways:
  1. CAPACITY-MECHANISM: People that experience a negative mood need to make effort to reduce the negative moods, which leaves less capacity for other self-control goals, resulting in self-control failures.
  2. MOTIVATION-MECHANISM: Negative moods reduce one’s motivation to regulate goal-oriented behaviors and thus reduces the willingness to put effort into pursuing your personal objectives sand interests.
  3. RESOURCE-MECHANISM: this line of reasoning suggests that negative moods deplete individuals’ resources that are necessary to control their emotions and behaviors used to achieve their personal goals and interests. It assumes that regulatory resources for self-control are only limited.
WHAT CAN BE DONE ABOUT IT: MITIGATING INDIVIDUAL CHARACTERISTICS
What type of individual characteristics can mitigate the negative effects of negative moods on performance and productivity? According to the study, there are differences in self-control tendencies of people. These differences among individuals moderate the effects of negative moods on their self-control:
  1. CONSCIOUSNESS: Individuals with high levels of consciousness are often characterized as hard-working, persistent and responsible people. They are highly motivated to achieve personal goals. A high level of consciousness moderates the effects of negative moods on performance and productivity levels mainly through the motivation-mechanism.
  2. POSITIVE DAILY MOOD: A positive mood moderates the effects of negative moods on performance and productivity levels by increasing the resources that are necessary for self-control. Besides, daily positive moods counterbalance the depletion of resources for self control in case of negative moods. As such, higher levels of daily positive moods moderate the effects of negative moods on performance and productivity levels mainly through the resource-mechanism.
  3. EMOTIONAL STABILITY: Stable people have a higher level of capacity to cope with their emotions – positive and negative emotions – and regulate other impulses as well. As such, a negative moods is less likely to lead to self-control failure among emotionally stable people. As such, this individual characteristic mainly works through the capacity-mechanism.
Chi, N. Chang, H. and Huang, H. (2015) “Can Personality Traits and Daily Positive Moods Buffer the Harmful Effects of Daily Negative Mood on Task Performance and Service Sabotage? A Self-control Perspective” Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Process
See also PowerPoint: Managing Psychological Well-being in Workplaces (Premium required).
 

Rating

 
2
Andreas Jansen, Netherlands
 

Can Self Control Theory also be Applied to Group/Organizational Emotions?

There are not only moods or emotions on an individual level, but also on an organizational level we ... Sign up

 
0
Paramathmuni srinivas Kumar
India
 

Association and Self Control

Probably having an association with an idea or concept which has all positive qualities and provide... Sign up

 
1
Bun Chhun
Director, Cambodia
 

It Should Be Applied to All Level in the Organisation

Mood controlling is very important. It would be perfect if everyone could control his or her mood al... Sign up

 
3
Samuel Thierry
Project Manager, Cameroon
 

Organizations to Focus on Employees Consciousness

Consciousness and motivation are not only created by an individual, but can also be boosted by a goo... Sign up

 
3
Gurdeep Singh
Consultant, India
 

Involving Employees in Overall Development of the Organization Resulted in Positive Thinking

This self control theory is interesting for organizations that really need a positive outcome from t... Sign up

 
0
Emmanuel Duru
Analyst, Nigeria
 

What Leads to Positive and Negative Moods

What engenders positive and negative moods is determined by inherent catalysts, instincts and variab... Sign up

 
2
Omar Bawajeeh
Saudi Arabia
 

He/She versus the Organization!

There is no doubt and it is a fact I experienced that a positive mood/attitude is important to succe... Sign up

 
2
Briolett
Manager, Canada
 

Observations around Moods of Individuals

As noted above external factors influence our ability to rise above negative moods. Too many negativ... Sign up

   

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