3 Approaches Towards Emotional Intelligence
Anneke Zwart, Student (University), Netherlands
In an article “Human Abilities: Emotional Intelligence” Mayer, Roberts and Barsade describe the theoretical approaches to Emotional Intelligence (EI), distinguishing the Specific-Ability Approach, the Integrative-Model Approach and the Mixed-Model Approach:
- Specific-Ability Approach: This model addresses specific skills considered crucial to EI. Examples of such particular skills are accuracy, the ability to understand and emotional reasoning.
- Integrative-Model Approach: sees EI as a coherent and global ability. This model joins the specific skills of the specific-ability model so that a global sense can be obtained. Examples of tests in this integrative-model approach are the Emotional Knowledge Test and the Four-Brach Model.
- Mixed-Model Approaches: This model uses an extremely broad definition of EI, so that the main focus on EI is absent. This approach focuses on one specific skill considered fundamental to EI, but then mixes in aspects from outside EI, for example adaptability, flexibility and creativity.
Source: J.D.Mayer, R.D.Roberts and S.G. Barsade. (2008). “Human Abilities: Emotional Intelligence.” The Annual Review of Psychology, Vol 59, 507-536.