Framing or Meaning Power

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Framing or Meaning Power
An additional source of power in organizations can be to establish the framework within which issues will be viewed and decided (J. Pfeffer - Managing with Power: Politics and Influence in Organizations, 1992). Leaders and elites often have substantial ability to define or impose the meanings and myths which define identity, beliefs and values.

Referent Power
Regarding referent power - I believe the French and Raven model defines this as power held by a primary over a secondary - not power held by the secondary. My recollection of the the definition was something like... We accede to the influence efforts of another because we like them, wish to be like them, wish to curry their favor. The power is held by the primary because of personal attraction.

French and Raven Model of Social Power
Ashok A kella, Member
Both Tom and Doc (USA) are true as French and Raven speak of primary power held over secondary because of their acceptance and recognition of the former. Here the author has redefined and vested the power in people who are closed to the power. Primary has the power recognition by secondary because of their perceiving his power under one or more other bases of social power under this model. Thus this interpretation of referent needs to recognized.



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