Is Management an Inexact Science?

Principles of Management
Knowledge Center

Accountant, Pakistan

Is Management an Inexact Science?

🔥NEW Social sciences are considered inexact. And indeed, the knowledge and study of management is quite an inexact science for many reasons:
  • There is no laboratory for testing the principles of management.
  • The inclusion of actions by humans in management.
  • Management is based on imaginations and thoughts.
  • Management is already old but there are many changes in its nature.
  • Exact sciences acquire knowledge from experiments and observation of research materials. Management deals a lot with the minds of human beings.
  • Management applies knowledge according to the situation although it is using principles, methods and models to achieve a result.
  • Management is also a science neither visible nor complete like other scientific knowledge. The chance of its total visibility and completion is zero because its principles create different results in different entities, in a different environment and at different times.

Overall, from the above discussion, I think management is an inexact science because it depends on thoughts and imagination, human actions and has no exact principles or formula.

  Paramathmuni srinivas Kumar

Management is an Exact Science Also

The outcomes are the results of the interplay of the entities of the system. If the right entities are there and with th...

  Javier Elenes
Business Consultant, Mexico

Management is a Practice, not a Science

According to Peter Drucker, management is a practice, not a science. It's about performance and its practices are based...

  Graham Williams
Management Consultant, South Africa

Management is an Inexact Practice

@Javier's comment that practice is a more appropriate description of management than science, makes sense. Being exact c...

  Olaf de Hemmer
Business Consultant, France

Management is a SYSTEMIC Science

The Valeur(s) & Management network of experts concluded that corporate issues can be analyzed, understood and improved b...

  mccarthy, United Kingdom

Science is Science

I often hear/read the sloppy use of the word 'science' in business. I think people may believe something (more) if the w...

  adam djeddi

Social Sciences and Sciences

When you want to mention science, it is enough to tell what this science is. Like: physics, mathematics... But when we a...

  Jose Montoya
Professor, Venezuela

Management is a Practice or Art, not a Science

Management is a Practice or Art, not a Science. I agree with that postulate. There is no monopoly of any knowledge or at...

Teacher, India

Whether Management is Art or Science?

In my opinion, it is neither purely art or science discipline. Management is an applied science. It has many characteris...

  Andre-Ambrosio ABRAMCZUK
Teacher, Brazil

Management is a Complex Activity

Physics, Chemistry and Biology are exact sciences because they study processes which show the same effects as consequenc...

  James Antwi
HR Consultant, Ghana

Management is an Inexact Science

I agree that management is an inexact science, because management principles are true within some margin of errors and t...

Manager, Thailand

Management is a Chaotic Science

💡I think management is a science as success & failure mode can be repeated with similar parameter settings. Howe...

Director, Romania

Is Management an Inexact Science?

Basically, management is an art. Definitions in accordance with "management is the science of making things run well" I ...

  habib shamsi
Director, Iran

Management is Real Science

High quality management results from applying scientific creations. It is essential a manager knows about and uses scien...

  Graham Williams
Management Consultant, South Africa

Is Management an Inexact Science?

@Andre-Ambrosio ABRAMCZUK makes a good point. In examining management in practice for the purpose of advancing knowledge...

  Mohamed Ibrahim Hassan

Management Really is not Sceince

Really Management is not a science subject because it has no formula and experiments as we are seeing in science subject...

  Gabi Levin

Management is a Discipline Involving Science + Art

What is science? Common wisdom tells that science is capable of defining rules, that - if followed -will always have th...

  Olaf de Hemmer
Business Consultant, France

Management Science

@Olaf de Hemmer: well, I agree with some of the reactions: management itself is not a science, but management science i...

  Andre-Ambrosio ABRAMCZUK
Teacher, Brazil

Management is not a Science

@Habib shamsi: I insist and repeat: Management is not science, but activity that can be studied scientifically. Manageme...

  Jose Luis Roces
Professor, Argentina

Management Science

In my opinion it is a systemic social knowledge field, which includes practices and behaviors in all activities. The ef...

  Riungu Festus Kinyua
Lecturer, Kenya

Management is Both an Art and a Science

Management is both an art and science: - When you manage processes and systems in the workplace, a lot of science is re...

  Don Berry
Manager, United States

The Most Effective Managers are Artists ... not Scientists

@Graham Williams: Exactly! Those who view management as a science focus on processes and tweaking formulas when the out...

Financial Consultant, Ethiopia

No Universal Meaning of Management

All ideas raised above seem sound, but how can we reach on similar conclusion. We have been learning Management is a dis...

  Riungu Festus Kinyua
Lecturer, Kenya

Manager have to be Artistic

Strategy is an art, dealing with people is an artistic process, and systems are normally fixed and routine which allows ...


Management is Bigger than Science

To me management is not a science but rather something bigger than science. Scientists can agree with me that even scien...

  Tim Dibble
Project Manager, United States

Management is not a Science

A science is based on the scientific principle. Establish a hypothesis, test the hypothesis, analyze the data, adjust th...

  Gabi Levin

Management is an Illusive Concept

In continuation to @my previous post - where I suggested it is a discipline based on science and art. It reminds me of m...

Student (University), Zimbabwe

Management Can Be an Exact Science!

70% of management is a science. 30% is art. Management is a science because you can falsify your assumptions by using nu...

  Vincent Miholic
Manager, United States

Practice Ignores Rigorous, Valid Research

In this stream, @Javier Elenes quotes Drucker, "Management is Practice." What's missing? Not inexact science. More abund...

  mccarthy, United Kingdom

Studying Management is Social Science; Managing is Not.

Exactly... Not sure why other people find this so difficult to grasp. Or try and fudge it! Studying management could and...

  eduardo oliva
Professor, Mexico

Apply Management Combining Arts and Sciences

Excellent managers usually apply a successful combination of arts and sciences, both in a rational and intuitive manner....

  mccarthy, United Kingdom

Science is Science

Wrong and right. Management doesn't apply the scientific model to their work. They think they may do, but they don't. Ev...

  Delfor Ibarra
Consultant, Argentina

Management as Inexact Art

Each particular science has revealed its inaccuracy and after that each individual has attempted to demonstrating this; ...

Professor, Peru

The Best Managers / Parents

The head of a family deals with his family problems with basic management features. Although he gives his children the s...

  Maurice Hogarth
Consultant, United Kingdom

Management and “Science” - Discuss

Words have definitions. People interpret or re-apply these giving new meanings and referents. The variants may become th...

  eduardo oliva
Professor, Mexico

Management is not a Science

Management it is not a science for none of its phenomenology can be replicable and, thus, approachable on an accurate ma...

Manager, Guinea

Why Management is a Science

In my opinion it's a Science because it constitutes an organized knowledge from different practices in different fields ...

  Andre-Ambrosio ABRAMCZUK
Teacher, Brazil

Is Management an Inexact Science?

Science is an "offline" activity. Some activities are "offline", applying scientific principles, for example, production...

  Maurice Hogarth
Consultant, United Kingdom

Science or Knowledge

@Magassouba: Magassouba / Editor "Organised knowledge is science" Hmm; literally yes. However I believe this referent do...

  Jaap de Jonge
Editor, Netherlands

Is Management a Science

@Maurice Hogarth: I agree, a library is not a science, nor is 12manage. They merely support science. (By the way, to be ...

  Gary Wong
Consultant, Canada

Management is Practicing System Laws

@Jaap de Jonge: I suggest we take the Art v Science argument to a lower level of granularity: to the Systems level. Ther...

  Maurice Hogarth
Consultant, United Kingdom

Science Says Management Isn’t a Science

@Jaap de Jonge: A need to clarify: Can a library of novels be an aid to “science”? Science comes from the Latin word "s...

  Jaap de Jonge
Editor, Netherlands

Management is Both a Science and Practice

@Maurice Hogarth: In my opinion, the models and methods that are described on 12manage certainly aim to help practitione...

  Mrs. Sayran Ghafuri
Coach, Iraq

Management Science

Management can be viewed as the science of systems formation: a business system, a state system, a health system, an edu...

  Mrs. Sayran Ghafuri
Coach, Iraq

'Management is Both a Science and Practice' 

@Jaap de Jonge: In fact, all sciences were practices before writing books in them and conducting studies and research ab...


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