Evolution of Management

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Principles of Management - Fayol > Best Practices > Evolution of Management

Evolution of Management
The way management is evolving keeps managers on their feet. Everyday brings a new management method. As a result the way we manage today you'll be surprised will change by the year 2010.

Edwin Sumalpong Jr., Philippines, Member
With the evolution of management as our guide towards the welfare of our society.. How come some organization whether it is in private or public or government does not follow it. The way they treat their employees is so irrational when it comes to decision making!!!!

Evolution of Management
Bantwal Prabhu, Teacher, India, Member
Management has evolved over centuries at home by the chief architect of the kitchen, viz. a family mother who has fed her family with whatever is available and satisfied the needs of everyone around.
I consider the mother to be the best manager in it's true spirit, and continues to be even today in some societies of the world, whether they are considered forward or backward.

Why Did Management not Change?
abebe kebede, Accountant, Ethiopia, Member
For over a decade I have been observing numerous and major changes in every aspect of our life, at home, at office, at school, everywhere and even society as a whole.
However did management transform itself at the pace of our change? I believe it didn't... We are still referring to Taylor... Etc.
Why did the current management and economics theory and practices fail to follow these changes so they can immediately cure our sick macro/global economy?

Adaptation of Management to IT Changes
abebe kebede, Accountant, Ethiopia, Member
Yesterday I had a discussion with a work mate at office about the profession 'management', and we shared the same feeling that management - unlike other fields - couldn't equally benefit and grow according to the progress in IT and communication science.

Adaptation is the Key to Management
Bantwal Prabhu, Teacher, India, Member
Management has evolved over centuries and if it has to succeed it has to adapt to the changes in the environment otherwise it will not sustain and it will become useless.

Adaptation of Management to IT
abebe kebede, Accountant, Ethiopia, Member
If we have...
- Everybody to plan his own work or if we have planners,
- Controllers to control
- Any top management group or an engineer or banker etc managing an engineering company, mph managing a medical center, a banker /accountant managing a bank...
... what is then the need for management graduates? However we may need management as a profession because any person needs management skills...
Nevertheless I like the management profession and I even want to take my second degree in MBA.

Origin of Management
mezaache ali, Professor, Member
Please, I would like to know the origine of management. Is it coming from the USA school or from the French school?
Which is the first one among these two schools to have developed the idea of management. Thank you.

Evolution of Management Thought
sneha bagchi, Teacher, India, Member
@Mezaache ali:
- Certain concepts of organization and administration already existed in Egypt in 1300BC.
- Confucius, Kautilya, Roman Catholic church and the Cameralists (a group of German and Austrian public administration) are few early contributors to management thought.
- After World War I the concept started growing and gained impetus after World War II because of growing competition, the complexity of managing large businesses, technological innovation, increase in capital investment, the freedom at national and international markets, and a higher degree of division of labour and specialization.

Evolution of Management Thinking
K.Narayana Moorthy, HR Consultant, India, Member
Certain forms of management existed already in Egypt in 1300 B.C.
Management thinking can be classified into 3 broad categories:
  1. THE CLASSICAL APPROACH. This approach has 3 branches
    1. Scientific Management: F.W. Taylor (1856-1915)-emphasized that productivity-increase should be through group harmony & co-operation-achieve maximum output and develop employees;
    2. Administrative Principles: Henry Fayol classified Managerial functions as -planning; organizing; commanding; co-ordinating and controlling.
    3. Bureaucratic Organization: Max Weber, a German Engineer, characterized Management in his model: as division of labour; hierarchy of authority; a system of rules (duties & rights); a system of procedure for work situations;and impersonal relations between people.
  2. THE BEHAVIOURAL APPROACH. The traditionalists emphasized on physical/technical aspects of managing and little attention was paid to human factors. The human relations approach seeks to examine and analyze the impact of human factors towards more effective management. Main contributors were Hugo Munsteberg; Walter Dill Scott; Max Weber; Vilfredo Pareto; Elton Mayo and F.J. Roethlisberger.
    Elton Mayo conducted the Hawthorne Experiments to examine whether physical facilities, like raw materials, machinery, technology were responsible for human efficiency. Contributions of the Hawthorne Experiments were:
    a. An organization is a social system with a culture of its own;
    b. Informal groups have serious impact on workers’ productivity;
    c. Friendly supervision brings favourable influence on human efficiency;
    d. Free flow of communication is required for good human relations;
  3. THE QUANTITATIVE APPROACH. The Quantitative Approach involves mathematics and statistics to improve managerial decision making. This is a contemporary, more recent, approach.

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