Overview of Systems Thinking Schools and Approaches


 
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Overview of Systems Thinking Schools and Approaches
geoff elliott, Member
- Planning school - systems thinking is a holistic approach to planning complex systems. Pioneers of this approach include C. W. Churchman and russ ackoff.
- System Dynamics school - Systems thinking looks at the cause-effect and feedback loops that drive complex systems. Pioneers of this approach include Jay Forrester, Donella Meadows.
Organizational cybernetics school
- Stafford Beer's Viable Systems Model (VSM) which applies systems thinking to organizational design, focusing on the management of variety to achieve long-term viability. Builds on the work of Norbert Wiener and Ross Ashby .
- Organization Learning school - Popularized by Peter Senge, largely based on earlier work by Chris Argyris and Donald Schon, but also drawing on the work of Forrester.
- Soft System/Sensemaking school - Sees systems as mental constructs rather than physical constructs and systems thinking as an ongoing process of enquiry to improve shared understanding. The Pioneers includ...
 

 















 

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