Disaster Risk Management (DRM)
What is Disaster Risk Management (DRM)? Meaning
DRM, if we understand this concept of management in an integral way, constitutes a solid permanently available mechanism for authorities as a means of preventive solution to all types of disasters. It can be defined as the set of actions or the process aimed at reducing and preventing the conditions that lead to the occurrence of disasters.
The products of this risk reduction process are the structural and/or non-structural measures implemented in a geographic area to mitigate and/or reduce the risk in the face of some natural or human-induced phenomenon.
Various or all levels of government typically should participate in this process, and efforts should be made to involve other public and private entities, such as civil society organizations, the population, and native and peasant communities.
Risk levels depend not only on natural phenomena, but also on the vulnerability levels of urban and/or rural centers, for example, their location on riverbanks, mouths of active streams, sanitary landfills, proximity to faults geological (exposure), as well as the type of infrastructure of precarious or noble material used as housing (fragility), and the capacity of the population to organize, assimilate and/or recover from the impact of a phenomenon of natural origin (resilience).
Usage of Disaster Risk Management. Application Areas
DRM is typically performed by professionals and researchers from different public and private entities. It can be deployed for generation of knowledge of the danger or threats, vulnerability analysis, valuation and risk scenarios. Also it can be helpful to develop scientific and technical research in DRM, strengthen disaster risk analysis, develop standardized information management in DRM.
A Case of Disaster Risk Management. Example
Guarantee continuous advice together with the effective application of the legal instruments in force for the purposes of defining the beneficiary locality or localities with the disaster risk assessment, the corresponding disaster risk prevention plan, the follow-up in the prioritization of its execution, the training of the authorities involved, the sensitization of the beneficiary population, including the estimation of the costs of the emergencies that are created that must be attended to as a priority. If necessary and requested, ensure supervision of approved interventions.
To do this, the following elements support and guide decision-making:
• Identification of probable geographical areas of influence of natural phenomena.
• Determination of the levels of danger, vulnerability, risk by geographical areas of influence of natural phenomena.
• Prioritization level, which will set the determining parameters of feasibility for any development.
• Relations with counterparts.
• Awareness sessions.
⇒ Can you think of any additional aspect or do you need more information? Share your ideas/experiences and perhaps the needs of your environment, be it public or private.