Pyramid of Corporate Social Responsibility (Caroll)
Jaap de Jonge, Editor
An early and widely applied CSR framework that distinguishes "CSR layers" is the Pyramid of Corporate Social Responsibility by Caroll (1991). The 4 layers of Responsibilities are, from bottom to top:
- Economic Responsibilities (refering to the basic role of businesses to produce goods and services, to create jobs, to be competitive and to make a profit while doing so)
- Legal Responsibilities (involving the compliance to laws and regulations set by the state, local governments, and by society)
- Ethical Responsibilities (involving the compliance to norms and values set by religion, culture, and local society and are not codified into law)
- Philantropic Responsibilities (refering to voluntary activities of businesses by means of improvement of the society in which they oper...