**Application of Competency to Teaching**
Belay Gezahegn, Director, Ethiopia, Member

There are 3

**elements of competency**:

1. Knowledge

2. Skills

3. Attitudes

A competent employee is believed to have these three elements of competency.

There is a process known as competency modelling which is a huge task.

It usually works for employed workers. For students it requires a little modification.

Example 1: what technical and behavioral competencies are expected from students in mathematics course?

Example 2: One of the skill competencies could be "ability to interpret mathematical theories to practical life".

But it is not enough to identify competencies. We must also label the

**expected proficiency level** from students.

The proficiency level is a competency scale which is normally described as:

1 = Novice

2 = Intermediate

3 = Advanced

4 = Expert

Think about at which level you expect your students to have the skills.

For instance the required proficiency level for ability to interpret theories could be 3 but the actual proficiency level of a student could be 1. There is a

**competency gap** of 2, which implies focus on this student in this area.