Generic Steps to Implement a Business Process
Presuming that all the prerequisites have been captured; it gives us the right platform to look at
1. Automation - current state, assessment for gaps, fitment for reusable technology components and the likes.
2. Sometimes processes simply don't need automation. Meaning the time might not be appropriate. Assessments give the right window to judge.
3. Optimization - Once the Automation cycle is addressed, processes can be evaluated for redundancies and overlaps between functions and org units. Optimization could be revamping legacy, removing bottlenecks, baselining before projects kick off, etc.,
4. Monitoring & Reevaluating - An activity which is conducted once you have reached adequate maturity in all the transactions of a process. The output of this step should ideally feed into the design stage once again.
Typically we are talking about 12-24 months for this cycle depending on the complexity of the process. That is good enough time for new processes/variants to emerge and changes to surface.