Is a Bottom-up Approach a Theory Y Approach?
Theory X and Theory Y
are 1960's theories of human motivation created and developed by Douglas McGregor at the MIT Sloan School of Management. They describe two very different attitudes toward workforce motivation. McGregor felt companies followed either one or the other approach.
- In Theory X, which has been proven counter-effective in most modern practice, management assumes employees are inherently lazy and will avoid work if they can and that they inherently dislike work.
- In Theory Y, management assumes employees may be ambitious and self-motivated and exercise self-control.
It is believed the talents of employees are under utilized in most organizations. Is Theory Y comparable to a bottom-up approach