Barney Changed VRIN into VRIO

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Al-nashir Bandali, United Kingdom

Barney Changed VRIN into VRIO

Barney developed the VRIN framework (1991) to VRIO. The "O" stands for the Organisation's capability to support and deliver the "Valuable", "Rare" and "In-imitable" resource.


Warren D. Miller, CPA, CFA
Strategy Consultant, United States


To bridge the small gap between VRIN and VRIO, we have taken to calling it VRINO in our written work and discussions with clients.

Manager, United Kingdom

VRIN morphes into VRIO

As Barney refocussed the VRIN framework to become the VRIO he has not diminished the original model, because he now encapsulated the issue of substitutes (N) in the I part of the framework.).
Essentially however, if the organisation is not capable of exploiting the resources in terms of ricardian rents (grant) and preventing the leeching of value (Porter), then the organisations management whose role is one of co-ordinating resources in pursuit of capability (Penrose) is not organisationally fitted to exploite the VRI-part of the framework.

Warren D. Miller, CPA, CFA
Strategy Consultant, United States

What is meant with the leeching of value by Porter?

@Hawkins : can you please explain what you have in mind when you say "the leeching of value [Porter]... Sign up


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