VRIN morphes into VRIO
Hawkins, Manager, United Kingdom, Member
As Barney refocussed the VRIN framework to become the VRIO he has not diminished the original model, because he now encapsulated the issue of substitutes (N) in the I part of the framework.).
Essentially however, if the organisation is not capable of exploiting the resources in terms of ricardian rents (grant) and preventing the leeching of value (Porter), then the organisations management whose role is one of co-ordinating resources in pursuit of capability (Penrose) is not organisationally fitted to exploite the VRI-part of the framework.