Action Research History. Main Theories

Action Research
Knowledge Center


New Topic

Nancy Rehbine Zentis
HR Consultant, United States

Action Research History. Main Theories

The action research model was developed by the pioneers in the field of organization development as a method for planning change interventions. Kurt Lewin first coined the term “action research” in his 1946 paper “Action Research and Minority Problems”.
In that paper, he described action research as “a comparative research on the conditions and effects of various forms of social action and research leading to social action” that uses “a spiral of steps, each of which is composed of a circle of planning, action, and fact-finding about the result of the action”.
Action research describes how humans and organizations behave in the outside world and is a change mechanism that helps human and organizations reflect on and change their own systems (Reason & Bradbury, 2001).
Action research theories:
• Chris Argyris’ Action Science
• John Heron and Peter Reason’s Cooperative Inquiry
• Paulo Freire’s Participatory Action Research (PAR)
• William Torbert’s Development Action Inquiry
• Warner Burke - 7 Phase Model.

  Annette Boshoff
Manager, South Africa

Action Research (AR) Main Thoeries

Another AR theory can be added to the list: Jack W (...)

Start a new topic


More on Action Research:
Special Interest Group

Do you have a keen interest in Action Research? Become our SIG Leader

Action Research
Knowledge Center

About 12manage | Advertising | Link to us / Cite us | Privacy | Suggestions | Terms of Service
© 2022 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V15.8 - Last updated: 27-1-2022. All names ™ of their owners.