Top-down Approach

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Description of Top-down Approach. Explanation.


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Definition Top-down Approach. Description.

The Top-down Approach is an autocratic and Hierarchical style of Decision-Making, Organizational Change and Leadership, in which strategies or plans are first conceived by one or a few senior managers, and then disseminated  (cascaded) further down the Organization Chart of the firm. The lower levels in the hierarchy are, to a greater or lesser extent, bound by the decisions of the top management.

Advantages of the top-down approach include:

  • Simplicity (making a decision with more people is more complex).

  • Speed (making a decision with more people will typically take more time).

Disadvantages of the top-down approach include:

  • Low participation (this is likely to influence the implementation of the plans in a negative way).

  • Requires a lot of knowledge at the top level.

  • Does not use specialized knowledge which may be present in the lower echelons of the organization.

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Compare with: Bottom-up Approach  |  Centralization and Decentralization  |  Theory E and Theory O  |  14 Principles of Management   |  Chain of Command  |  Hierarchical Organization Structure  |  Management by Objectives  |  Hoshin Kanri - Policy Deployment  |  Core Groups  |  Change Management Iceberg  |  Change Model Beckhard  |  Change Phases  |  Force Field Analysis  |  Core Group Theory  |  Bases of Social Power  |  Office of Strategy Management

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