Definition Top-down Approach. Description.
The Top-down Approach is an autocratic and
style of Decision-Making, Organizational
Change and Leadership, in which strategies or plans
are first conceived by one or a few senior managers, and then disseminated
(cascaded) further down the Organization
Chart of the firm. The lower levels in the hierarchy are, to a greater
or lesser extent, bound by the decisions of the top management.
Advantages of the top-down approach include:
Disadvantages of the top-down approach include:
Low participation (this is likely to influence the implementation
of the plans in a negative way).
Requires a lot of knowledge at the top level.
Does not use specialized knowledge which may be present
in the lower echelons of the organization.
Top-down Approach Special Interest Group
| Centralization and Decentralization | Theory E and Theory O
| 14 Principles
of Management |
Chain of Command |
Organization Structure |
Management by Objectives
| Hoshin Kanri
- Policy Deployment |
Core Groups |
Change Management Iceberg
| Change Model Beckhard
| Change Phases |
Force Field Analysis
| Core Group Theory
| Bases of Social