Organizational Commitment

Knowledge Center

   

Description of Organizational Commitment. Explanation.

Contents

  1. Summary
  2. Forum
  3. Best Practices
  4. Expert Tips
  5. Resources
  6. Print
 

Organizational CommitmentDefinition Organizational Commitment. Description.


Organizational Commitment (OC) is the psychological attachment and the resulting loyalty of employees to an organization, based on the pride of being part of the organization and the belief that their organization values them. The OC-concept goes beyond mere job satisfaction and employee hapiness. OC is part of the field of organizational behavior which defines, explains and humanizes the reasons behind organizational employee commitment. Through the commitment and collaboration of employees with different backgrounds, cultures, values, norms, experiences and skill sets a company or organization gains growth, flexibility and global marketability.

Also called: Employee Commitment and Employee Engagement.


Levels of Employee Commitment

The attachment and loyalty of employees can be present at a variety of levels: their job, profession, department, boss or (entire) organization.


Advantages of Organizational Commitment. Benefits

A highly committed employee will identify with the goals and values of the organization, has a stronger desire to belong to the organization and is willing to display greater organizational citizenship behavior i.e., a willingness to go over and beyond their required job duties. Advantages of gaining employee commitment have been perceived to be better employee retention (lower labor turnover, attrition, and sickness rates), extra role behavior (go the extra mile for a customer, contribute ideas voluntairaly, work hard and smart, recommend organization to other people), better product quality, better work safety, and increased employee flexibility contributing to the firms’ competitive advantage.

If human resources are said to be an organization‘s greatest assets, then committed human resources should be regarded as an organization's competitive advantage (Ranya Nehmeh, What is organizational commitment, why should managers want it in their workforce and is there any cost effective way to secure it? ISSN 1662-761X).


Reasons for employee commitment. 3 Types of Organizational Commitment

Rosabeth Kanter argued in 1968 that different types of commitment result from different behavioral requirements placed on members by the organization:

  1. Continuance commitment has to do with a member's dedication to the survival of the organization and results from having people make sacrifices for and investments in the organization.
  2. Cohesion commitment is attachment to social relations in an organization; it can be enhanced by having employees publicly renounce previous social ties or engage in ceremonies that enhance group cohesion.
  3. Control commitment is a member's attachment to the norms of an organization that shape behavior in desired ways. It exists when employees believe that the organization's norms and values are important guides to their behavior.

According to the Meyer and Allen Model of Commitment (Meyer, J P and Allen, N J (1991) - A three-component conceptualization of organizational commitment: Some methodological considerations", Human Resource Management Review, 1, pp. 61-98), there are generally three 'mind sets' (reasons, motives) for an employee to be committed to an organization:

  1. Affective Commitment: positive feelings of identification with, attachment to, and involvement in the work organization. The development of affective commitment is based on the exchange principle. The employees commit themselves to the organization in return for the rewards received or the punishments avoided.
  2. Normative Commitment: the employees’ feelings of obligation to remain with the organization. Normative commitment develops as a result of beliefs that are internalized through socialization processes, both familial and cultural, that occur both before and after entry into the organization.
  3. Continuance Commitment: the extent to which employees feel committed to their organizations by virtue of the costs that they feel are associated with leaving (e.g., investments or lack of attractive alternatives). Continuance commitment is expected to be related to anything that increases the cost associated with leaving the organization.

Components of Organizational Commitment

According to Porter et al (Organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and turnover among psychiatric technicians. Journal of Applied Psychology, 1974, 59, 603-609.), organizational commitment consists of the following three components:

  1. A strong belief in and acceptance of the goals and values of the organization.
  2. A willingness to exert (display) considerable effort on behalf of the organization.
  3. A definite desire to maintain organizational membership (belong to the organization).

How to enhance the commitment of employees to an organization

Here are some HR practices for enhancing organizational commitment:

  • Commit to people-first values. Put it in writing, hire the right-kind managers, and walk the talk.
  • Clarify and communicate your mission. Clarify the mission and ideology; make it charismatic; use value-based hiring practices; stress values-based orientation and training; build tradition.
  • Guarantee organizational (procedural) justice. Have a comprehensive grievance procedure; provide for extensive two-way communications.
  • Establish communities of practice. Build value-based homogeneity; share and share alike; emphasize barn raising, cross-utilization, and teamwork; getting people to work together.
  • Support employee development. Commit to actualizing; provide first-year job challenge; enrich and empower; promote from within; provide developmental activities; provide employee security without guarantees.

The more of these three factors an employee is showing, the larger his commitment to the organization is. A too large commitment to the organization can be caused by Presenteeism. Another interesting manifestation of commitment is the phenomenon known as whistle-blowing, or publicizing unethical, illegal, or immoral behavior. For the individual, whistle-blowing may be the last resort, the only step left open; for the organization it is extremely threatening when negative information reaches the press. Whistle-blowing may occur because the whistle-blower feels tremendously committed to the organization; it is, after all, borne of an impulse to reform an evil, and few people are willing to risk punishment to reform what they do not value.


Organizational Commitment Forum
  Organizational Commitment of Public Sector Employees
I am conducting a research on the topic of organiz...
     
 
  The Virtue of Loyalty in Business
Loyalty is the base of all relationships and the b...
     
 
  How to Create a Collective Culture and Sense of Purpose
I'm a Junior Company President and have some doubt...
     
 
  Organizational Commitment and Belonging from Identification with Organization (Culture)
Commitment to organization and organization cultur...
     
 
  Why Employee Commitment is a Major Driving Force Towards Organisation's Stability
In Henry Fayol's 14 principles of management, he s...
     
 
  Employee Engagement versus Kaizen
In the name of EMPLOYEE ENGAGEMENT we are celebrat...
     
 
  Unmet Job Expectations and Employee Performance
An important factor that influences employees’ wel...
     
 
  Leaders Need to Manage Their Own Engagement
The Ball's in Your Court, Leader: Take Control ...
     
 
  External Organizational Commitment
Much has been said on Organizational Commitment (O...
     
 
  How to Develop the Ownership of Project Members?
I am managing a team of 14 people and am so much t...
     
 
  Dimensions of Employee Involvement. Reasons for Employee Commitment.
 
   
 
  How to Obtain Employee Commitment?
Employee commitment starts with the sincere com...
     
 
  Effect of Human Resource Development?
What's the effect of human resource development on...
     
 
  Measuring Organizational Commitment
How to measure the employees commitment on their j...
     
 

Organizational Commitment Special Interest Group


Special Interest Group

 

Best Practices - Organizational Commitment Premium
  Do your Employees Care About your Organization?
What do you think: If employees feel their orga...
     
 
  How to Deal with Latecomers at Work/Meetings?
In your opinion, what is the best way to tell a pe...
     
 
  Balance Command and Control (Discipline) with Organizational Commitment
"Employment at will" and "big stick" are factors c...
     
 
  People Think That Their Relation with the Organization is Forever
The most important relation in your life is also i...
     
 

Expert Tips - Organizational Commitment Premium
 

Why Employees Stay: Contextual Factors Influencing Job Embeddedness

Mitchell, Lee and Tyler (2014) focus on the con...
Usage (application): Employee Retention, Attrition, Organizational Commitment, Employee Satisfaction
 
 
 

Strategies for Strategic Philanthropy (Norton)

A lot of companies are trying to use philanthropic...
Usage (application): Strategic Philanthropy, Corporate Philanthropy, Corporate Social Responsibility, Customer Loyalty
 
 
 

Differences in Organizational Commitment Between Paid Workers and Volunteers

Paid and unpaid workers in hybrid organizations Usage (application): Organizational Commitment, Employee Motivation, Non-profit Organizations
 
 

Resources - Organizational Commitment Premium

Employee Engagement: Definition, Measuring, Pitfalls and Best Practices

This presentation elaborates on the concept of emp...
Usage (application): Employee Engagement, Employee Commitment, Organizational Commitment, Work Relationship
 

Working for Love: Employee Commitment in Not-for-Profit Sector

Presentation about Organizational Commitment in No...
Usage (application): Employee Commitment, Organizational Commitment
 

Managing Psychological Well-being in Workplaces

This presentation elaborates on the developing of ...
Usage (application): Organizational Commitment, Performance Management, Stress Management, Workplace Management
 

Contemporary Employment Relations: The Psychological Contract

This presentation explains how the traditional col...
Usage (application): Employee Development, Employee Motivation, Employee Relationship
 

Social-Exchange Theory and Organizational Support Theory and their Role in Employee Motivation

Lecture about Social Exchange Theory and Organizat...
Usage (application): Initial Understanding of Perceived Organizational Support
 

The Role of Supervisor | Skills of Supervisors

This presentation elaborates on the skills that su...
Usage (application): Skills of a Supervisor, Supervisor Role, Supervisor Behavior
 

Employee Engagement and Commitment

Employees are the heart of an organization. Their ...
Usage (application): Initial Understanding of Employee Engagement and Commitment, Start of Training/Workshop
 

Reasons and Secrets of Employee Retention

This presentation is about Employee Retention and ...
Usage (application): Employee Retention, Attrition
 

The Employee Commitment Pyramid

Stum (2013) developed the so-called Performance...
Usage (application): Employee Commitment, Employee Motivation
 

How can Employees Improve their OWN Engagement?

According to a Gallup 2013 study on the state of t...
Usage (application): Employee Engagement, Employee Commitment, Company Commitment
 

Mindfulness and Wellbeing at Work

This presentation elaborates on the concept of min...
Usage (application): Wellbeing, Well-being, Mindfulness, Motivation, Employee Commitment Time Management, Coaching
 

Workforce Planning for Today

This presentation plays attention to workforce pla...
Usage (application): Workforce Planning
 

A Model for Improving Employee Commitment: HPWS

This presentation is about the concept of high per...
Usage (application): HRM, HRD, Human Resources Management, Employee Commitment
 

How to Develop Effective Workplace Relationships?

This presentation discusses the development of eff...
Usage (application): Relationship Management, Employee Relationship,
 

Fatigue Management as Responsibility of Employer and Employee

This presentation elaborates on the management of ...
Usage (application): Fatigue Management, Human Resource Management, Absenteeism, Two Factor Theory, Commitment
 

How to Achieve Employee Engagement

Tom Peters gives a short, but fundamental advice o...
Usage (application): Employee Empowerment, Employee Participation, Participative Management, Participative Leadership
 

The X Model of Employee Engagement

Organizations aim for success. And so do employees...
Usage (application): Employee Engagement, Organizational Commitment, Amployee Attitude
 

Involving Employees to get their Commitment

In this short video Brian Parsley reveals a secret...
Usage (application): Employee Commitment, Employee Participation, Participative Management
 

The Modest Relationship between Job Engagement and Organizational Commitment

Clemson University Psychology Professor Thomas Bri...
Usage (application): Employee Enagement versus Organizational Commitment
 

Corporate Social Responsibility Activities and Their Effects on Employees' Engagement

ABSTRACT - Corporate social responsibility (CSR) i...
Usage (application): CSR, Employee Engagement
 

Voluntary Activities of Employees | Employee Volunteerism

Presentation about employee volunteerism, includin...
Usage (application): Employee Motivation, Employee Volunteerism, Employee Commitment, Shared Value, CSR, Corporate Reputation
 

Fighting Stress with Employee Resilience

Employee resilience
This presentation is abou...
Usage (application): Employee Resilience, Multitasking, Absenteism, Employee Involvement, Dual Commitment, Work/Life Balance
 

Managing New, Dynamic Workplaces through Employee Engagement

This presentation elaborates on the characteristic...
Usage (application): Workplace Management, Employee Engagement, Organizational Commitment, Burnout
 

Reasons for Affective Organizational Commitment

This short video introduces some typical reasons f...
Usage (application): Basic Understanding of Affective Organizational Commitment
 
 

News about Organizational Commitment


     
 

Videos about Organizational Commitment


     
 

Presentations about Organizational Commitment


     
 

Books about Organizational Commitment


     
 

More about Organizational Commitment


     

Compare with: Work Absenteeism  |  Dual Commitment  |  Work Presenteeism  |  Expectancy Theory  |  Two Factor Theory  |  Employee Attitude Survey  |  Charismatic Leadership  |  Efficiency Wage  |  Hoshin Kanri - Policy Deployment  |  Skeleton Staff

Special Interest Group Leader

You here


 

Return to Management Hub: Human Resources


More on Management  |  Return to Management Dictionary  | 

 

This ends our Organizational Commitment summary and forum.

About 12manage | Advertising | Link to us | Privacy | Terms of Service
Copyright 2017 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V14.1 - Last updated: 21-11-2017. All names tm by their owners.