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Definition Globalization? Meaning.

Globalization, technology

Globalization is the broad process of global integration, interconnectedness and interdependence of international business, economic activities, societies and cultures. It includes an increase of international:

  • Trade and competition
  • Production and industrial markets
  • Products and services
  • Migration, labor force movement and job markets
  • Investments and financial markets
  • Technology usage and R&D
  • Legislation and justice
  • Exchange of ideas, information and knowledge
  • Lifestyles and cultures
  • Politics and political structures

types of Globalization. Dimensions

In a 1996 AMR article Taylor, Beecheler and Napiet distinguish 3 globalization dimensions:

  1. Globalization of Production: encouraged by the cost advantages that can be won by establishing an international production network.
  2. Globalization of Products: favored by the significant rise in costs generated through the constant need to present ever-newer products.
  3. Globalization of Markets: access to more and more foreign markets since the fall of international trade barriers, creating new opportunities as well as stiffening competition.

Other major dimensions that can be distinguished are:

  1. Globalization of Services
  2. Globalization of Labor, work, people and talent
  3. Globalization of the Financial System, banking and insurance
  4. Globalization of Information, knowledge

Reasons for globalization. Causes

This increasing world-wide integration of markets for goods, services, labor and capital is caused by developments in:

  • Modern communication technology (TV, Internet, Google, social networks, mobile phones).
  • Transport mechanisms.
  • Freer international capital flows.
  • Changes in economic, cultural, political, social, and legal systems.

Debates on Globalization. Opinions and Conflicts

An important consequence of globalization on businesses is the increased power that multinational organizations have. This in turn has led to an increased call for Corporate Transparency, Corporate Accountability, Corporate Responsibility, Stakeholder Management and Shared Value. A number of paradoxes are relevant:

  1. New Era vs. Business as Usual: Is G. a new global age, or is there really nothing new under the sun and will governments and regions retain distinct strengths?

  2. Autonomous Process vs. Intentional Project: Is G. an unintended process, or is G. a deliberate, ideological project of economic liberalization?

  3. Hard vs. Soft: Is G. caused by the pursuit of material interests or is G. rooted in an expanding consciousness of living together on one planet?

  4. Good vs. Bad: Is G. to be celebrated because of product progress, better democracy, empowering of people, or is G. dangerous because of its consequences for the well-being of various groups, the sovereignty and identity of countries, the disparities among peoples, and the health of the environment?

  5. Global Sameness vs. New Differences: Does G. lead to cultural homogeneity, or will G. lead to new mixtures of cultures and is integration likely to provoke a defense of tradition?

Special Interest Group

Globalization Special Interest Group.

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Forum about Globalization. Below you can ask a question about this topic, share your experiences, report a new development, or explain something.

topic Advantages and Benefits of Globalization. PROs
Whats are the main advantages and benefits achieved by globalisation?...
Comments6 comments
topic Strategies to Win in Frontier Economies
Global players in search for double-digit growth are believed to be running out of opportunities. As a result, multinationals are turning to so called "frontier economies" as both new product markets ...
Comments2 comments
topic Benefits of Supporting R&D Activities by Governments
(Regional) governments often support local companies to do R&D and innovate with subsidies, tax reduction. They are hoping that this will have a positive return for the country / region, like more emp...
Comments1 comments
topic Why Distances Still Matter in an Age of Globalization
Although globalization has increased global interconnectedness and interdependence of countries, and even if distances seem to vanish, in doing global business there are 4 types of distances that cert...
Comments1 comments
topic Does Globalization Need a Single Currency?
Can we have a global market when we still have different currencies?...
Comments2 comments
topic Globalization After COVID-19: In-house Manufacturing or Outsourcing?
The drums are beating for manufacturing to return to their respective countries or move out of China without giving a definitive location because of the latest pandemic. Japan has expressed that they ...
🔥 Decoupling or Not? Strategies for Foreign Companies in China
I just finished reading a very good article about globalization strategies by Professors Stewart Black and Morrison. Like any other investment, when companies are investing in China companies should ...

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Best Practices

The best, top-rated topics about Globalization. Here you will find the most valuable ideas and practical suggestions.

🥇 7 Myths about Business Globalization
According to Subramanian Rangan in Mastering Strategy, there are 7 myths or misconceptions about (business) globalization: 1. Any company with money can go global (you have to study foreign markets b...
Comments21 comments

🥈 Globalisation of Labour
Hello, I am looking for the meaning of 'globalisation of labour'... Is its meaning that people can increasingly work in any country of their choice? Thanks......
Comments1 comments

🥉 Disadvantages and Negative Consequences of Globalization. CONs
What are the main disadvantages and negative consequences caused by globalization?...
Comments6 comments

topic Global Tax on Wealth (Piketty)
Globalization has many economical and even social benefits, but also has its downsides. Like exploitation of labour, making the rich richer and multinational corporations increasingly influencing poli...
Comments37 comments

topic Is Globalization Ethical?
We speak a lot about ethics. Now, if we are asked whether globalization is ethical, what should be our answer? It had benefits as well as disadvantages as many domestic players are ruined by the fore...
Comments10 comments

topic Cultural Globalization
What is cultural globalization?...
Comments7 comments

topic Globalization Forces
What are the main forces and influencing changes behind globalization?...
Comments4 comments

topic What Leadership Qualities are Required in Global Firms?
Bishop (2013) argues that in our global and dynamic world, leaders of international organizations require five elements or characteristics to successfully lead their organizations in today’s global en...
Comments15 comments

topic History of Globalization?
Who can give an overview of the history of globalization... thanks......
Comments3 comments

topic International Marketing Strategy: Standardization, Adaptation or Integration?
Globalization and openness of international markets have made companies seek to internationalize their activities as a way to remain competitive and obtain their share of international markets. Theref...
topic Globalization in Higher Education
We are thinking about globalization/glocalisation from an industry point of view (manufacturing and services). But we are very slow in the education industry to implement this paradigm shift, especial...
Comments22 comments

topic Barriers to Globalization. Obstacles
I'd like to have your ideas on what are the major hindrances to globalization? Thank you......
Comments3 comments

Expert Tips

Advanced insights about Globalization. Here you will find professional advices by experts.


Nationalism and Patriotism in Corporate Brand Communication Strategies

Corporate Branding, Corporate Reputation, Corporate Nationality, Corporate Patriotism, Corporate Nationalism
Past research in market communication revealed that many consumers prefer to purchase domestic brands because they want ...

How to Design a Large CSR Program that Works

CSR, Shared Value, Public-Private Partnerships, Poverty Reduction, Combating Global Inequality
A study by Kaplan, Serafeim & Tugendhat (2018) finds that most corporate social responsibility (CSR) programs they analy...

Going Global: Adaptation of Marketing Mix Components

Marketing Strategy, Global Marketing, International Marketing, Marketing Mix, 4Ps
As we all know, companies that conduct business internationally are often adapting their products to the markets served....

Three Dimensions in How Global Brands are Evaluated by Consumers

Global Branding, Corporate Reputation, CSR, Globalization
Holt et al. (2004) researched how people evaluate and value global brands. They found out that 3 main characteristics ar...

Three Perspectives on Globalization

Teaching Globalization, Discussion
In the book “Introducing Globalization: Analysis and Readings”, three different and competing perspectives on the concep...
Information Sources

Various sources of information regarding Globalization. Here you will find powerpoints, videos, news, etc. to use in your own lectures and workshops.


Management Across Cultures: Managing in a Global Context

Cross-Cultural Management, Cultural Dimensions, Cultural Intelligence, Multicultural Teams, Global Leadership, Global HR
This presentation consist of six sections that together form an extensive description of management across cultures. The...

Doing Business Globally and Respecting Cultural Diversity

Globalization, Global Business
Presentation about doing business in a global world and highlights the importance of cultural diversity and global etiqu...

How to Build a Global Organizational Capability?

MNCs, Multinationals, Multinational Companies, Globalization, International Leadership Development, Cultural Intelligenc
A. How to build a global leadership group in which people can cope with the complexity of working globally? 1. Re...

Summary and Introduction to Globalization

Initial Understanding of Globalization, Start of Trainings, Workshops
Advantages in technology made the growth of transport and communication possible. Now companies and individuals can exch...

Debates around the Concept of Globalization

Discussion on Globalization
Interesting presentation about the main debates around the concept of globalization, by L. Van Grunsven, G. Van Westen a...

Global HRM in a Globalized World

Globalization, Global Human Resource Management, International HRM
Presentation that introduces the concept of international HRM. The presentation includes he following sections: 1. Intr...

Why does Greece have so much Debt?

Globalization, Financial Markets, Greece, Financial Crisis
With almost 400 billion dollars in debt, choices around Greece`s future could perhaps create another international reces...

Your Organization in a Globalized World

Organizational Behavior, International, Hofstede, Organizational Culture, Globalization, Cultural Intelligence
Presentation about organizational behavior in an age of globalization. The presentation includes the following sections:...

Piketty on Global Economical Inequality

Initial Understanding of Piketty's Theory on Inequality from his Book: Capital in the Twenty-First Century
In this video, French economist Thomas Piketty explains some key ideas from his best selling book: Capital in the Twenty...

Corporate Diversity and Inclusion

Cross Functional Team, Organizational Culture, Globalization, Organizational Change, HRM, Cultural Dimensions
In this introduction video, top managers of Skanska share their vision on Diversity and Inclusion and the strategic impo...

Lecture by Thomas Piketty on Capital in the Twenty-First Century

Globalization, Capitalism, Inequality, Progressive Income Taxation
In this 20-minute video, French economist Thomas Piketty explains the main idea from his book Capital in the Twenty-Firs...

Leading a 21st Century Global Organization

Global Leadership, Globalization, Multinational Corporations, MNCs
William Fung Group, Managing Director of Li & Fung Ltd, recommends to be successful in a global business leaders have to...

Michael Porter on Competiveness of a Nation

Global Competition, Comparative Advantage, Competition Between Nations and Regions
Harvard Professor and Co-leader of the US Competiveness Project Michael Porter argues competitivess of a region/nation o...

International Human Resource Management

Human Resource Management, Globalization, HR in Multinationals
Presentation about HRM in an increasingly globalized environment. The presentation includes the following sections: 1. ...

Your Organization Needs to Change its Strategy Implementation Method

Strategy Execution, Strategic Change, Change Management, Strategy Implementation
Dr. John Kotter explains most clearly how the rate of change of events, technology, globalization, products and markets ...

6 CEOs on Aspects of Globalization

Introduction to Globalization
Six Global Business Leaders each give a short statement on what they think about globalization and what it means to thei...

Research Links

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Compare with: Cultural Dimensions  |  Cultural Intelligence  |  Competitive Environment  |  Macro-Environment  |  Economies of Scale  |  Emerging Markets  |  Nationalization  |  PEST Analysis  |  Bottom of the Pyramid  |  Glocalization  |  Diversity Management

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