Knowledge Center

12manage is looking for students / contributors...


Description of Cross-Docking. Explanation.


  1. Summary
  2. Forum
  3. Best Practices
  4. Expert Tips
  5. Resources
  6. Print

Definition Cross Docking. Description.

Cross-Docking is a distribution system in Supply Chain Management to decrease inventory storage, handling costs and operating costs by streamlining the flow between the supplier and the manufacturer.

Crossdocking has a few variants:

  • Consolidation: Shipments of multiple manufacturers are being consolidated in a central location for one delivery destination to achieve economy of transport.

  • Hub and Spoke: Shipments from one manufacturer are being deconsolidated in a central location for multiple delivery destinations.

  • Deconsolidation: Large shipments (ship, railcars) are being deconsolidated into smaller lots and/or or other types of conveyance (trucks)

Typically, transportation vehicles of suppliers and receivers are "docking" on opposite sides of the cross docking distribution center, ideally at the same time.

Advantages of Cross-Docking. Benefits

Besides the reduction of inventory storage, handling costs and operating costs that was already mentioned, other benefits of cross docking include:

  • Short transportation times in combination with low costs.

  • Decreased warehousing costs.

  • Economies of Scale in outbound flows (from the distribution center to the customers.

  • Inventory function of a distribution center becomes minimal, while still maintaining the value-added functions of consolidation and shipping.

  • Inbound flows (from suppliers) are directly transferred to outbound flows (to customers) with little, if any, warehousing.

  • Achieving Full Truckloads. Shipments typically spend less than 24 hours in a crossdocking center, sometimes less than an hour. In conventional distribution systems, goods are stored in a distribution center or kept in inventory at the supplier and wait until ordered by a customer. This leads to many Less Than Truckloads (LTLs). With cross-docking, goods are already assigned to a customer. The distribution center receives goods from suppliers, sorts them immediately to be shipped to a consolidated shipment (often including other orders from other suppliers) to the customers. More shipments tend to be Full Truckloads.

Cross Docking does require good (electronic) cooperation and tracking (RFID) between the parties involved.

Cross-Docking Forum
  Quotes on Inventory Management. Quotations
Hi, do you know of a remarkable, humorous quote by...

Cross-Docking Special Interest Group

Special Interest Group


Best Practices - Cross-Docking Premium

Expert Tips - Cross-Docking Premium

Resources - Cross-Docking Premium

News about Cross-dockingSign up


Videos about Cross-dockingSign up


Presentations about Cross-dockingSign up


Books about Cross-dockingSign up


More about Cross-dockingSign up


Compare with: 3rd Party Logistics  |  Vendor Managed Inventory  |  Outsourcing  |  Lean Manufacturing  |  CPFR  |  Business Process Reengineering  |  Vertical Integration  |  Bullwhip Effect

Special Interest Group Leader

You here


Return to Management Hub: Supply Chain & Quality

More on Management  |  Return to Management Dictionary  | 


This ends our Cross Docking summary and forum.

About 12manage | Advertising | Link to us / Cite us | Privacy | Suggestions | Terms of Service
2018 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V14.1 - Last updated: 19-8-2018. All names of their owners.