Competency-based Approach

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What is the Competency-based Approach? Meaning.

What is a Competency. meaning

A competency has been defined by its pioneers as:

  • The generic knowledge, motive, trait, social role or a skill of a person linked to superior performance on the job (Hayes '79).
  • A capacity that exists in a person that leads to behavior that meets the job demands within parameters of organizational environment, and that, in turn brings about desired results (Boyatzis '82).

A competency is a set (a combination) of applied knowledge, manifested skills, relevant personal attributes and underlying observable behaviors (values, judgments, attitude, motives, beliefs, ethics) that describes acceptable (or excellent) performance in a particular work or job context.


Competencies can be described in a competency profile, which can be included in a competency catalogue or competency database.


What is Competency Mapping?

Competency mapping is the process of identifying (key) competencies for a particular position (role or task) in an organization and then using the result for various HR processes including job-evaluation, recruitment, training and development, performance management and succession planning.


Why use competencies alongside of job descriptions?

One big plus of using competencies is that traditional job descriptions typically only list the tasks and functions that are needed for a particular role, but not the abilities that are needed to conduct these tasks and functions. Competency profiles help to close that gap. This enables better job <> candidate matching as well as better employee performance measurement.


What is the Competency-based Approach? Meaning.

A Competency-based Approach is a HRM method that focuses on the skills and talents needed to be able to perform a particular task to a certain standard. The method relies on using a series of assessment tools that identify not only the technical skills a candidate possesses, but his behavioral competencies as well. The approach can be valuable for:

  • Developing performance standards.

  • Career Management

  • Appraising employees against these standards.

  • Training and development. Identifying  needs of individual employees.

  • Recruitment. Assessing the skills, abilities and characteristics needed when hiring new employees.

Steps in the Competency-based Approach. Process

  1. Define organizational culture.

  2. Define essential job activities and responsibilities.

  3. Define technical competencies and skills required.

  4. Define behavioral competencies.

  5. Define competencies and behavioral indicators.

Two categories of Competencies

Competencies can be broken down into two categories:

  1. Work-based Competencies. Job-specific characteristics, skills and abilities such as fluency in the Italian language or the ability to work with Microsoft Excel.

  2. Behavior-based Competencies. Personal characteristics or attributes such as interpersonal skills, attitudes, motivation.

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Competency-based Approach Special Interest Group.

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Forum about the Competency-based Approach. Below you can ask a question about this topic, share your experiences, report a new development, or explain something.

topic Competency-based Pay and Broadbanding
Competency-based pay is a pay system that compensates employees on their skill set, their knowledge, and their experience. It's an alternative to traditional pay approaches that are based on job title...
Comments1 comments
🔥 Advantages and Disadvantages of Competency-based Pay. Pros and Cons
Like any other system, there are pros and cons to Competency-based Pay… Advantages of Competency-based Pay (CBP): MOTIVATION: CBP is a great motivator for employees. Instead of basing pay on seni...
topic Competency-based Approach, Has it Begun or Finished?
How can we apply an approach without having prior training? Is this approach a universal model we should follow to ensure that we are on the same level as others or that we should apply approaches sp...
topic Techniques for Competency Based Approach
What are the main techniques being used within the competency based approach?...
Comments1 comments
topic Competency Mapping
I would like to know how to do competency mapping for a department of a manufacturing organization. Who can share some tips? Thank you....
Comments2 comments
topic Theorists of Competency Based Leadership
Can you direct me to theorists regarding competency based leadership? The organization I work for has based their succession planning on this model. Thank you....
Comments3 comments
topic Developing Managerial Behavioral Competencies
I'm looking for best practices: How to develop behavioral managerial competencies? Focusing on various solutions, programs, modularity and promoting networking....
Comments21 comments

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🥇 Project Work in Competency Based-approach
I would like to learn more about competency based approach in connection to project work....
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🥈 Characteristics of the Competency-based Approach
Here's a list of characteristics or features of a Competency-based Approach (CBA): 1. Consensus around what is a successful teaching performance. 2. Competence consists of combination of attributes ...
🥉 Competency-based Teaching Techniques in a Crowded Class
How can we use competency based teaching in a class of 40 pupils?...
Comments5 comments

Expert Tips

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Employee Performance Management and Performance Appraisals (In depth)

Performance Appraisals, Performance Management, Employee Performance
In depth presentation about Performance Management and Performance Appraisal. The presentation clearly explains both con...

Competency - a System's Perspective

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In current quickly changing business environment, retaining skills and knowledge is an important issue for all organizat...

Introduction to Employability and International Employability

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Presentation that introduces the concept of employability, including the following sections: 1. Increasing Demand for I...

Selecting Employees: Competency-based Method

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Presentation about Selecting Employees by a Competency-based Method. The presentation incudes the following sections: 1...

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Compare with: Behavioral Observation Scales  |  Behaviorally Anchored Rating Scales  |  Pre-Employment Screening  |  Self-Appraisal  |  Peer-Appraisal  |  360-Degree Feedback  |  Management by Objectives

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