Action Research

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Description of Action Research. Explanation.


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Definition Action Research. Description.

Action Research (AR) is a (typically  cyclic or spiral) process for planning change interventions and for intentional learning from experience, first described by social psychologist Kurt Lewin ('46) .

The method is characterized by intervention in real world systems, followed by close scrutiny of the effects.

The aim of AR aim is to improve practice, and AR is typically conducted by a combined team of practitioners and researchers.

AR can also be described as the process by which practitioners attempt to study their problems scientifically in order to guide, correct, and evaluate their decisions and actions. (Stephen Corey, 1953). Or more simply, as researching on the implications or effect of an action that is planned to resolve a certain problem.

It is an informal, qualitative, interpretive, reflective, collaborative and experimental methodology that requires all the participants to be collaborative researchers. AR is usually carried out by people who recognize a problem or limitation in their workplace situation and, together, devise a plan to counteract the problem, implement the plan, observe what happens, reflect on these outcomes, revise the plan, implement it, reflect, revise and so on.

In a way the AR method combines the strengths of academic research (objective, scientific, but not necessarily relevant) and consulting research (often subjective and case-based, often not very scientific, but tuned towards relevancy).

The Action Research Process


In its original form, AR was a three-step spiral process of 1. planning which involves reconnaissance; 2. taking actions; and 3. fact-finding about the results of the action. (Kurt Lewin, 1947)

A present-day action research cycle could have the following steps:

  • Data Collection > Evaluation > Action > Critical Reflection > Data Collection > Evaluation > ...
  • Planning (definition of the problem research practices) > Acting (implementation) > Observing (action and data collection) > Reflecting (developing revised action derived from what has been learned) > ... (Kemmis and McTaggart (1988).

Action Research Forum
  Lewin's Action Research and Change Management
What is the relevance / applicability of Kurt Lewi...
  Action Research for Academic Staff Development
The strength of good education in any educational ...
  Weaknesses of Action Research
Despite the many advantages that Action Research (...
  Action Research Takes Place in a COMMUNITY
In addition to what others have offered, action re...
  What is the Influence of Action Research on Organizational Performance?
Context: There's a rising number of universities, ...
  Action Research as a Basis for Making Decisions
Action research is simply defined as researching o...
  Action Research in Universities
I want to do a PhD in action research and sustaina...
  Action Research is About What Works in the Real World
What I like about action research is that it appea...
  Warner Burke Seven Phase Model
Warner Burke’s Seven Phase Process Model builds on...
  Action Research History. Main Theories
The action research model was developed by the pio...

Action Research Special Interest Group

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Four Characteristic Dimensions of Action ResearchSign up

Reason (2006) elaborates on action research and me...
Usage (application): Action Research Characteristics, Comparison with Empirical Research

Action Research as a Third Research ParadigmSign up

Action research being a reflective action science ...
Usage (application): James Antwi

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Action Research In-depth: Views, Critiques and Key IssuesSign up

Presentation that discusses the concept of Action ...
Usage (application): Action Research, Action Learning

Views on Action Research and TeachingSign up

This presentation is about the concept of Action R...
Usage (application): Teaching, Action Research, Professional Development for Teachers

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Compare with: Deming Cycle  |  Action Learning  |  Team Management Profile  |  Appreciative Inquiry  |  Positive Deviance  |  Analogical Strategic Reasoning  |  Knowledge Management (Collison & Parcell)  |  SECI model  |  Bridging Epistemologies  |  Organizational Learning  |  Organizational Memory  |  Root Cause Analysis  |  Metaplan  |  Groupthink  |  Six Thinking Hats  |  Emotional Intelligence  |  Training Within Industry

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