Human Resources Development

Article / Human Resources

Human Resources Development
Meenakshi Singh , Other, India

Impotantance of Human Resources Development because human resources act as a asset for the organization

Human resources is a term used to describe the individuals who comprise the workforce of an organization, although it is also applied in labor economics to, for example, business sectors or even whole nations. Human resources is also the name of the function within an organization charged with the overall responsibility for implementing strategies and policies relating to the management of individuals (i.e. the human resources). This function title is often abbreviated to the initials 'HR'. Human resources is a relatively modern management term having been coined in the 1960s.The origins of the function arose in those organisations which introduced 'welfare management' practices and also in those that adopted the principles of 'scientific management'. From these terms emerged a largely administrative management activity, co-ordinating a range of worker related processes and becoming known, in time as the 'personnel function'. Human resources progressively became the more usual name for this function, in the first instance in the United States as well as multinational corporations, reflecting the adoption of a more quantitative as well as strategic approach to workforce management, demanded by corporate management and the greater competitiveness for limited and highly skilled workers. Human Resources is the arm of the company which houses various data (Benefits, Compensation, Workers' Compensation, Training, etc.). It is the place which provides resources for managers and employees alike. If the people working in Human Resources are ethical, they will provide a sounding board without leaking information. They remain neutral, keeping in mind the needs of both employee and company. It can be a great place to get a myriad of information. As with any profession, it all boils down to the individuals who represent the department Human resources purpose and role In the simplest terms, the objective of an organization's human resource management strategy is to maximize the return on investment from the organization's human capital and minimize financial risk. Human Resources seeks to achieve this by aligning the supply of skilled and qualified individuals, and the capabilities of the current workforce, with the ongoing and future business plans and requirements of the organization in order to maximise return on investment and seeks to secure the future survival and success of the entity. In ensuring such objectives are achieved, the human resource function purpose in this context is to implement the organisation's human resource requirements effectively but also pragmatically, taking account of legal, ethical and as far as is practical in a manner which retains the support and respect of the workforce. Key functions The Human Resources function may set strategies and develop policies, standards, systems and processes to implement these strategies in a whole range of areas for which the following would be typical of a wide range of organizations. 1.Recruitment and Selection (Resourcing) 2.Organizational design and development. 3.Business transformation and change management 4.Performance, conduct and behaviour management 5.Industrial and employee relations 6.Human resources (or workforce) analysis and the management of workforce personal data 7.Compensation, rewards and Benefits management 8.Training & development (Learning management) Implementation of such policies, processes or standards may be directly managed by the HR function itself, or the function may indirectly supervise the implementation of such activities by managers, other business functions or via third-party external partner organizations. Training At the organizational level, a successful Human Resources Development program will prepare the individual to undertake a higher level of work, “organized learning over a given period of time, to provide the possibility of performance change” . In these settings, Human Resources Development is the framework that focuses on the organizations competencies at the first stage, training, and then developing the employee, through education, to satisfy the organizations long-term needs and the individuals’ career goals and employee value to their present and future employers. Human Resources Development can be defined simply as developing the most important section of any business its human resource by, “attaining or upgrading the skills and attitudes of employees at all levels in order to maximise the effectiveness of the enterprise” .The people within an organization are its human resource. Human Resources Development from a business perspective is not entirely focused on the individual’s growth and development, “development occurs to enhance the organization's value, not solely for individual improvement. Individual education and development is a tool and a means to an end, not the end goal itself”.The broader concept of national and more strategic attention to the development of human resources is beginning to emerge as newly independent countries face strong competition for their skilled professionals and the accompanying brain-drain they experience. Human Resources Development Human Resources Development is the structure that allows for individual development, potentially satisfying the organization’s, or the nation's goals. The development of the individual will benefit both the individual, the organization, or the nation and its citizens. In the corporate vision, the Human Resources Development framework views employees, as an asset to the enterprise whose value will be enhanced by development, “Its primary focus is on growth and employee development…it emphasises developing individual potential and skills”. Human Resources Development in this treatment can be in-room group training, tertiary or vocational courses or mentoring and coaching by senior employees with the aim for a desired outcome that will develop the individual’s performance. At the level of a national strategy, it can be a broad intersectoral approach to fostering creative contributions to national productivity. Human Resources Development is a framework for the expansion of human capital within an organization or (in new approaches) a municipality, region, or nation. Human Resources Development is a combination of training and education, in a broad context of adequate health and employment policies, that ensures the continual improvement and growth of both the individual, the organization, and the national human resourcefulness. Adam Smith states, “The capacities of individuals depended on their access to education”.Human Resources Development is the medium that drives the process between training and learning in a broadly fostering environment. Human Resources Development is not a defined object, but a series of organised processes, “with a specific learning objective” Within a national context, it becomes a strategic approach to intersectoral linkages between health, education and employment. Human resources development is the process for assisting employees with improving their careers and interpersonal skills on the job. This can be accomplished through workforce training, career development, performance management and organizational development programs. Human resources development is a continuous process monitored by teams of human resource professionals and upper management.

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