Expectancy Theory

Centro de Conhecimento


O performance de um empregado é baseado em fatores individuais. Explanação do Expectancy Theory do vencedor Vroom. ('64)


  1. Resumo
  2. Fórum
  3. Melhores Práticas
  4. Expert Tips
  5. Recursos
  6. Imprimir

Expectancy Theory

Que é Expectancy Theory? Descrição

O Expectancy Theory do vencedor Vroom trata do motivation e da gerência. A teoria de Vroom supõe que o comportamento é um resultado das escolhas conscious entre alternativas. A finalidade das escolhas é maximize o prazer e minimizar a dor. Junto com Edward Lawler e Porter de Lyman, Vroom sugeriu que o relacionamento entre o comportamento do pessoa no trabalho e os seus objetivos não era tão simples quanto foi imaginado primeiramente por outros cientistas. Vroom realizou que o performance de um empregado está baseado em fatores individuais tais como a personalidade, as habilidades, o conhecimento, a experiência e as abilidades.

A teoria da expectativa diz que os indivíduos têm jogos diferentes dos objetivos e podem ser motivated se tiverem determinadas expectativas.

Expectativas do Expectancy Theory

  • Há uma correlação positiva entre esforços e performance,
  • O performance favorável resultará em uma recompensa desejável,
  • A recompensa satisfazará a uma necessidade importante,
  • O desejo satisfer à necessidade é forte bastante fazer o esforço de valor.

O Expectancy Theory de Vroom é baseado na seguinte opinião três.

Opinião do Expectancy Theory

  1. Valence. Consulta às orientação emocionais que os povos prendem com respeito aos resultados [recompensas]. A profundidade querer de um empregado para recompensas extrinsic [dinheiro, promotion, tempo livre, benefícios] ou intrínsecas [da satisfação]. A gerência deve descobrir o que os empregados apreciam.

  2. Expectativa. Os empregados têm expectativas e níveis diferentes da confiança sobre o que são capazes de fazer. A gerência deve descobrir que recursos, treinamento, ou supervisão os empregados necessitam.

  3. Instrumentality. A percepção dos empregados se receberão realmente o que desejam, mesmo se for prometido por uma gerente. A gerência deve assegurar-se de que as promessas das recompensas estejam cumpridas e que os empregados estão cientes daquele.

Vroom sugere que opinião de um empregado sobre a expectativa, o Instrumentality, e o Valence interativo psicològica. Nesta maneira criam uma força motivational, tal que o empregado agirá em uma maneira que traga o prazer e evite a dor. Esta força pode “ser calculada” através de uma fórmula:

Fórmula do Expectancy Theory

Expectativa do Motivation = do Valence x (Instrumentality).

Esta fórmula pode ser usada indicar e predizer coisas como: satisfação de trabalho, escolha ocupacional, a probabilidade de permanecer em um trabalho, e o esforço que um pôde expend no trabalho.

Fórum de Expectancy Theory
  Can Perpetual Demotivation Be Reversed?
Demotivation is like the decomposition process, once it has started, the tale-tale signs remains in spite of whatever vigorous process of disinfecting.
Albeit with limited research, the thesis that it is difficult if not impossible to reverse th...
  Human Motivation Lies Within
A human can never be motivated. You can just push a bit and show a way. A person always needs to be self-motivated to perform best and be successful.

We as a company in HR spend a lot of effort on motivation programs and trai...
  Extended Version of the Expectancy Theory (Lambright)
Lambright (2010) addresses an important weakness of the expectancy theory: it makes no distinction between certainty and uncertainty conditions. Indeed, the expectancy theory does not take into account the cases in which there is uncertainty o...
  Creative Chaos is Conducive to Motivation
When one considers motivation in business organizational terms and politics, the first thing that comes to mind is monetary. Stick-and-carrot.
But taking a more holistic view, I believe motivation is a by-product of human nature liberated from t...
  Motivation is Owned by the Individual
Motivation is a slippery slope. I believe Wlodkowski who says: one cannot directly motivate another since motivation is owned by the individual; it comes from within us. It's the same as telling one to stop thinking abut sex. You have no control over...
  Measuring Motivation:The PIAV Assessment
When it comes to looking at the individual there is no substitute (personal bias here) for the Personal Interests, Attitudes and Values (PIAV) assessment.
It is a validated tool (based on the work of Spranger) that ranks the six common motivator...
  Motivation Should be a Two-way Process
I think the motivation process between the manager and the employees is exchangeable, i.e. bosses should motivate their subordinates in various ways, but at the same time the subordinates should also motivate their bosses through spending a maximum e...
  Small Motivation Tips
I would be more interested in easy small things to get people motivated. Any ideas such as participating in some special interesting meeting or so. Let's try to collect many motivation tips and ideas. Thanks....
  Effort Leads to Performance
This is true in most cases, the more you put in the more you get out but there are times when this is not the case.
If you put in all of your effort you do perform better, but it is hard to see how someone can keep up such effort. The human mind...
  Motivating Workers: McGregor´s Example
I believe that success in motivating employees is well explained in McGregor´s example in which, to the question: "What are you doing?", three workers answered differently.
- The first one says, I'm breaking stones.
- The seco...
  Misunderstandings About Motivation
Motivation is found to be hard by many people but I would like to put across that:
1. Motivation can be done even without financial benefits. Take an example of a thank you from your boss, a pat on the back, a recognition letter, a hand s...
  Expectancy versus Needs?
There are many different ways to reach goals, but I believe that the NEEDS have more weight than the EXPECTANCY. So what about Maslow thinking of human behavior?...
  Applications of the Expectancy Theory
This is a very good summary of Expectancy Theory, but I 'd like to know the applications of it in budgeting and planning, and in the implementation of the balanced scorecard or any other valuable applications in HR & performance management. Thanks....
  Problems with Expectancy Theory. Disadvantages
A problem with Expectancy Theory is that it breaks down if employee does not believe in the motivation or reward. Then other leadership or motivation skills are needed as well as the use of other theories....
  How to Align Vroom's Theory with Psychological Contract in Disengaged Employees?
Has anyone/organisation successfully achieved meaningful employee motivation applying the Vroom formula in appraisal systems and still addressing psychological contract theory to disengaged employees (mostly manifested through grandpare...
  Satisfaction from Achieving Goals
Satisfaction will usually stem from achievement of goals. Naturally, any employee who believes that his needs have been or will be met, would put in more efforts....
  What Precisely is Valence? Definition of Valence
Hi, for me it's hard to understand "valence"? It's not in my English dictionary. Can you give me some help?...

Expectancy Theory Grupo de Interesse Especial

Grupo de Interesse Especial

Expectancy Theory Educação & Eventos

Encontre Treinamentos, Seminários e Eventos

Melhores Práticas - Expectancy Theory Premium
  What Motivates Employees? The Answer Depends (Partly) on their Generation
The age of retirement has been moved to 60, 65, 70 years and beyond. Where each generation used to pass the baton; there is no baton being passed anymore.
We can now find multiple generations (up to 4!) working in the workplace together. ...
  How Can You Motivate Knowledge Workers?
In the current 'knowledge era', the question what motivates knowledge workers, and, being a manager, how you should motivate and manage them is important.
In their article "The Progress of Small Wins" in HBR May 2011, Professor Theresa M...
  Controlling the Minds of Employees
I think there can be several way to achieve goals, however what's more important is to have control over the mind of the team members. And that's up to the managers how they carry their team....
  Motivation in Non-Profit Organizations
I'm having difficulties finding a theory to help me research motivation, and the importance of it, in a non-profit organization. Could someone please give me some advice for the best possible theory? Thanks so much!...

Expert Tips (ENG) - Expectancy Theory Premium

4 Steps to Motivate your Employees...

As a manager, you can motivate your employees applying Expectancy Theory. Take these 4 steps:
1. Find out what each indvidual employee wants / va...
Usage (application): Using Expectancy Theory in your Department / Group

It's All About Perceptions!

Note that what matters in expectancy theory are the perceptions of the person who is to be motivated, not the reality of the situ...
Usage (application): Implementing Expectancy Theory

Expectancy can be Unexpected!

Be careful with assuming what the expectancy of a person (employee) is going to be:
Zakary Tormala did research on how people react on other peop...
Usage (application): On Experts and Surprises

Relationships in Expectancy Theory

The Expectancy theory focuses on three relationships:
1. Effort<>Performance relationship. The probability perceived by the individual that exer...
Usage (application): Understanding / Teaching Expectancy Theory

The Effort -> Performance Relationship

As mentioned in the summary, one of the expectations of Vroom’s theory is the positive relationship between effort and performance. Porter and Lawler ...
Usage (application): Coaching, mentoring

Reasons Why People are Doing Voluntary Work

Voluntary work has long been seen as an activity performed mainly by unemployed individuals –mostly women, both in their youth and retired - because t...
Usage (application): Expectancy Theory, Corporate Social Responsibility, Stakeholder Perspective, Volunteers

Family-Work Conflicts (FWC) and Daily Job Performance

FAMILY ROLES and WORK are two factors influencing each other: - Work can interfere with family roles; this is called a Work-Family Conflict (WFC).
Usage (application): Family-work conflicts, Coaching, Mentoring, Job Performance

Differences in Organizational Commitment Between Paid Workers and Volunteers

Paid and unpaid workers in hybrid organizations
Although financial considerations are an important reason to work for a certain organization, the...
Usage (application): Organizational Commitment, Employee Motivation, Non-profit Organizations

Recursos - Expectancy Theory Premium


Expectancy Theory


Motivation Employees


Expectancy Theory


Motivation Employees


Expectancy Theory


Motivation Employees


Expectancy Theory


Motivation Employees

Compare com o Expectancy Theory no Motivation com:  Hierachy of Needs  |  Empregado-Liderança  |  Teoria das necessidades  |  Efeito de Hawthorne  |  Competing Values Framework  |  Attribution Theory  |  Framing  |  Two Factor Theory Hertzberg   |  Theory X Theory Y  |  Managerial Grid  |  ERG Theory  |  Leadership Continuum  |  Path-Goal Theory  |  Leadership Styles  |  Situational Leadership  |  EPIC ADVISERS  |  Coaching  |  Mentoring

Retorne a o centro de a gerência: Mudança e Organização  |  Recursos Humanos  |  Liderança

Mais Métodos, Modelos e Teorias de Gestão

Special Interest Group Leader

Seu nome aqui

Sobre o 12manage | Publicidade | Link para nosso website | Privacidade | Condições
Copyright 2016 12manage - O caminho mais rápido para o sucesso executivo. V14.1 - Última atualização 26-10-2016. Todas as marcas são registradas por seus donos.