Expectancy Theory
(Vroom)

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従業員のパフォーマンスは個々の要因に基づいている。 勝利者VroomのExpectancy Theoryの説明。 (「64)

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Expectancy Theory

Expectancy Theoryは何であるか。 記述

勝利者VroomのExpectancy Theoryは刺激および経営を取扱う。 Vroomの理論は行動が代わり間の意識した選択からの結果であると仮定する。 選択の目的は喜びを最大にし、苦痛を最小にすることである。 エドワードLawlerおよびLymanのPorterとともに、Vroomは最初に他の科学者によって想像された程に簡単仕事の人々の行動と目的間の関係がでなかった提案した。 Vroomは従業員のパフォーマンスが人格、技術、知識、経験および能力のような個々の要因に基づいていることをわかった。


期待理論はある特定の予想を有すれば個人に目的の異なったセットがあり、独創力のあると言う。


Expectancy Theoryの予想

  • 努力とパフォーマンス間に肯定的な相関関係がある、
  • 好ましいパフォーマンスは好ましい報酬で起因する、
  • 報酬は重要な必要性を満たす、
  • 必要性を満たす欲求は十分に強い努力を価値があるようにするには。

VroomのExpectancy Theoryは次の3確信に基づいている。


Expectancy Theoryの確信

  1. 原子価。 人々が結果[報酬]に関して保持する感情的なオリエンテーションを参照する。 外部[お金、昇進、フリータイム、利点]または本質的な[満足の]報酬のための従業員のほしいほしのの深さ。 経営は従業員が認めるものを発見しなければならない。

  2. 期待。 することができるものについての従業員に信任の異なった予想そしてレベルがある。 経営はどんな資源、訓練、または監督を従業員が必要とするか発見しなければならない。

  3. Instrumentality。 マネジャーによって約束されても、望むものを彼らが実際に受け取るかどうか従業員の認識。 経営は報酬の約束が達成されること、そして従業員がそれに気づいていることを保障しなければならない。

Vroomは期待、Instrumentalityおよび相互原子価についての従業員の確信心理学的に提案する。 このように彼らは従業員が喜びを持って来、苦痛を避ける方法で行動すること動機上の力を、そのような物創造する。 この力はフォーミュラによって「」計算することができる:


Expectancy Theoryのフォーミュラ


刺激=原子価Xの期待(Instrumentality)。


このフォーミュラが次のように事を示し、予測するのに使用することができる: 仕事にとどまる仕事の満足度、職業選択、可能性、およびが仕事で費やすかもしれない努力。


Expectancy Theory フォーラム
  Can Perpetual Demotivation Be Reversed?
Demotivation is like the decomposition process, once it has started, the tale-tale signs remains in spite of whatever vigorous process of disinfecting.
Albeit with limited research, the thesis that it is difficult if not impossible to reverse th...
     
 
  Human Motivation Lies Within
A human can never be motivated. You can just push a bit and show a way. A person always needs to be self-motivated to perform best and be successful.

We as a company in HR spend a lot of effort on motivation programs and trai...
     
 
  Extended Version of the Expectancy Theory (Lambright)
Lambright (2010) addresses an important weakness of the expectancy theory: it makes no distinction between certainty and uncertainty conditions. Indeed, the expectancy theory does not take into account the cases in which there is uncertainty o...
     
 
  Creative Chaos is Conducive to Motivation
When one considers motivation in business organizational terms and politics, the first thing that comes to mind is monetary. Stick-and-carrot.
But taking a more holistic view, I believe motivation is a by-product of human nature liberated from t...
     
 
  Motivation is Owned by the Individual
Motivation is a slippery slope. I believe Wlodkowski who says: one cannot directly motivate another since motivation is owned by the individual; it comes from within us. It's the same as telling one to stop thinking abut sex. You have no control over...
     
 
  Measuring Motivation:The PIAV Assessment
When it comes to looking at the individual there is no substitute (personal bias here) for the Personal Interests, Attitudes and Values (PIAV) assessment.
It is a validated tool (based on the work of Spranger) that ranks the six common motivator...
     
 
  Motivation Should be a Two-way Process
I think the motivation process between the manager and the employees is exchangeable, i.e. bosses should motivate their subordinates in various ways, but at the same time the subordinates should also motivate their bosses through spending a maximum e...
     
 
  Small Motivation Tips
I would be more interested in easy small things to get people motivated. Any ideas such as participating in some special interesting meeting or so. Let's try to collect many motivation tips and ideas. Thanks....
     
 
  Effort Leads to Performance
This is true in most cases, the more you put in the more you get out but there are times when this is not the case.
If you put in all of your effort you do perform better, but it is hard to see how someone can keep up such effort. The human mind...
     
 
  Motivating Workers: McGregors Example
I believe that success in motivating employees is well explained in McGregors example in which, to the question: "What are you doing?", three workers answered differently.
- The first one says, I'm breaking stones.
- The seco...
     
 
  Misunderstandings About Motivation
Motivation is found to be hard by many people but I would like to put across that:
1. Motivation can be done even without financial benefits. Take an example of a thank you from your boss, a pat on the back, a recognition letter, a hand s...
     
 
  Expectancy versus Needs?
There are many different ways to reach goals, but I believe that the NEEDS have more weight than the EXPECTANCY. So what about Maslow thinking of human behavior?...
     
 
  Applications of the Expectancy Theory
This is a very good summary of Expectancy Theory, but I 'd like to know the applications of it in budgeting and planning, and in the implementation of the balanced scorecard or any other valuable applications in HR & performance management. Thanks....
     
 
  Problems with Expectancy Theory. Disadvantages
A problem with Expectancy Theory is that it breaks down if employee does not believe in the motivation or reward. Then other leadership or motivation skills are needed as well as the use of other theories....
     
 
  How to Align Vroom's Theory with Psychological Contract in Disengaged Employees?
Has anyone/organisation successfully achieved meaningful employee motivation applying the Vroom formula in appraisal systems and still addressing psychological contract theory to disengaged employees (mostly manifested through grandpare...
     
 
  Satisfaction from Achieving Goals
Satisfaction will usually stem from achievement of goals. Naturally, any employee who believes that his needs have been or will be met, would put in more efforts....
     
 
  What Precisely is Valence? Definition of Valence
Hi, for me it's hard to understand "valence"? It's not in my English dictionary. Can you give me some help?...
     
 

Expectancy Theory 特別興味グループ


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ベストプラクティス - Expectancy Theory プレミアム
  What Motivates Employees? The Answer Depends (Partly) on their Generation
The age of retirement has been moved to 60, 65, 70 years and beyond. Where each generation used to pass the baton; there is no baton being passed anymore.
We can now find multiple generations (up to 4!) working in the workplace together. ...
     
 
  How Can You Motivate Knowledge Workers?
In the current 'knowledge era', the question what motivates knowledge workers, and, being a manager, how you should motivate and manage them is important.
In their article "The Progress of Small Wins" in HBR May 2011, Professor Theresa M...
     
 
  Controlling the Minds of Employees
I think there can be several way to achieve goals, however what's more important is to have control over the mind of the team members. And that's up to the managers how they carry their team....
     
 
  Motivation in Non-Profit Organizations
I'm having difficulties finding a theory to help me research motivation, and the importance of it, in a non-profit organization. Could someone please give me some advice for the best possible theory? Thanks so much!...
     
 

Expert Tips (ENG) - Expectancy Theory プレミアム
 

4 Steps to Motivate your Employees...

As a manager, you can motivate your employees applying Expectancy Theory. Take these 4 steps:
1. Find out what each indvidual employee wants / va...
Usage (application)Using Expectancy Theory in your Department / Group
 
 
 

It's All About Perceptions!

Note that what matters in expectancy theory are the perceptions of the person who is to be motivated, not the reality of the situ...
Usage (application)Implementing Expectancy Theory
 
 
 

Expectancy can be Unexpected!

Be careful with assuming what the expectancy of a person (employee) is going to be:
Zakary Tormala did research on how people react on other peop...
Usage (application)On Experts and Surprises
 
 
 

Relationships in Expectancy Theory

The Expectancy theory focuses on three relationships:
1. Effort<>Performance relationship. The probability perceived by the individual that exer...
Usage (application)Understanding / Teaching Expectancy Theory
 
 
 

The Effort -> Performance Relationship

As mentioned in the summary, one of the expectations of Vrooms theory is the positive relationship between effort and performance. Porter and Lawler ...
Usage (application)Coaching, mentoring
 
 
 

Reasons Why People are Doing Voluntary Work

Voluntary work has long been seen as an activity performed mainly by unemployed individuals mostly women, both in their youth and retired - because t...
Usage (application)Expectancy Theory, Corporate Social Responsibility, Stakeholder Perspective, Volunteers
 
 
 

Family-Work Conflicts (FWC) and Daily Job Performance

FAMILY ROLES and WORK are two factors influencing each other: - Work can interfere with family roles; this is called a Work-Family Conflict (WFC).
...
Usage (application)Family-work conflicts, Coaching, Mentoring, Job Performance
 
 
 

Differences in Organizational Commitment Between Paid Workers and Volunteers

Paid and unpaid workers in hybrid organizations
Although financial considerations are an important reason to work for a certain organization, the...
Usage (application)Organizational Commitment, Employee Motivation, Non-profit Organizations
 
 

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刺激のExpectancy Theoryを下記のもののと比較した:  Hierachy of Needs  |  使用人リーダーシップ  |  必要性の理論  |  Hawthorneの効果  |  Competing Values Framework  |  Attribution Theory  |  Framing  |  Two Factor Theory Hertzberg   |  Theory X Theory Y  |  Managerial Grid  |  ERG Theory  |  Leadership Continuum  |  Path-Goal Theory  |  Leadership Styles  |  Situational Leadership  |  EPIC ADVISERS  |  Coaching  |  Mentoring


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版権 2016 12manage - 幹部ファーストトラック。V14.1 - 最近の更新: 28-9-2016。所有者別の全 tm 名。