Management by Objectives [MBO, 목표에 의한 관리]. SMART 목표수립
(Drucker)

지식 센터

   

직원의 목표를 정의하고 목표에 대한 직원의 성과 지도. 피터 드러커의 목표에 의한 관리의 설명. ('54). SMART 목표수립.

목차

  1. 요약
  2. 포럼
  3. 모범 사례
  4. Expert Tips
  5. 자료
  6. 인쇄

피터 드러커 - Management by Objectives [MBO, 목표에 의한 관리]목표에 의한 관리란 무엇인가? 기술

MBO는 각 직원의 목표를 정의하고 설정된 목표에 대한 성과를 비교하며 지도하는 방식이다. MBO는 조직의 목표와 조직내의 하부목표와의 결합을 통하여 조직의 성과를 증가시키는 것을 목적으로 한다. 이상적인 것은 직원들이 자신들의 목표, 달성 일정 등을 확인하도록 강한 압력을 받는다.
MBO는 목표달성을 위한 지속적인 피드백의 제공과 프로세스의 추적을 포함한다.


피터 드러커

MBO는 1954년 'The practice of Management'에서 피터 드러커에 의해 처음으로 소개되었다. 드러커에 따르면 매니저는 일상의 생활에 깊이 개입되어서 주요한 목적 또는 목표를 망각하게 하는 활동의 덫(the activity trap)'을 피해야만 한다. MBO 개념 중의 한가지는 소수 최고경영진 대신에 기업의 모든 매니저들이 계획의 실현가능성을 높이기 위하여 전략적 기획과정에 참여해야 한다는 것이다. MBO의 또 다른 개념은 매니저는 조직이 잘 기능하는데 도움이 되도록 설계된 폭넓은 성과시스템을 실행해야 한다는 것이다. 명확하게, Management by Objectives [MBO, 목표에 의한 관리]는 Value Based Management [가치기반 경영]의 앞선 개념으로 보일 수 있다.


목표에 의한 관리의 원칙

  • 조직의 목적과 목표의 일관성(Cascading),

  • 각 구성원의 구체적인 목표,

  • 참여적인 의사 결정,

  • 명백한 기한,

  • 성과평가 및 피드백 제공.

MBO에서는 또한 목표의 타당성을 확인하는 방법으로 SMART 목표설정 방법을 사용한다.

  • Specific (구체적)

  • Measurable (측정가능)

  • Achievable (달성가능)

  • Realistic (현실적)

  • Time-related (시간고려)

90년대에 피터 드러커는 조직관리방법의 중요성에 대한 전망을 하였다. " 그것은 단지 또 하나의 도구일뿐이다. 경영의 비효율성을 위한 위대한 처방은 아니다... 만일 당신이 목표를 알고, 당신이 모르는 90%의 시간을 알면 MBO는 성과를 발휘한다."


목표에 의한 관리 목표수립 포럼
  Great Book on Management by Objectives
A great book I wrote to learn about Management by Objectives is " 
   
 
  Is Management By Objectives Transferable to the Care Sector?
I'm currently working in care as a team leader and I'm looking for a good way to manage staff. Any suggestions/experiences on whether or not MBO is transferable to this environment?...
     
 
  Mitigating the Disadvantages of Management By Objectives
How can we deal with the disadvantages of MBO?...
     
 
  Objectivity in the Measuring / Evaluating Objectives
Drucker introduced a very pertinent concept in management which - if effectively implemented - brings about noticeable improvements in organization.
However, the challenge being faced is the objective measuring of set goals/targets. Some jobs...
     
 
  Management By Objectives in Public Management
How to introduce Management By Objectives (MBO) in public organizations? Who can share some experiences? Thanks......
     
 
  What Consequences if Top Executive don't do what they Promised
Can somebody give exemples or hints of what kind of consequences the CEO of a company could take if his executive team repetively doesn't deliver what they promised?...
     
 
  Management by Planning Should Replace Management by Objectives
2 of the most respected men in management theory, Drucker and Deming, disagreed over MBO. Deming proposed that MBO did not take into account the scientific difference in variation of results caused by assignable...
     
 
  Mutual Commitment is the Basis of Management by Objectives
The idea of Peter Drucker on management by objectives is based on the integration of different hierarchical levels of the company. The common point is the commitment, responsibility and maturity. It is to achieve the objectives through a common ch...
     
 
  Procedure on Developing Objectives and Monitoring
I am in urgent need of subject procedure and willing to pay. I.e. what's the procedure on writing SMART objectives and monitoring through scorecards....
     
 
  Management by Initiatives!
To my personal considerations, MBO has had its day. It's time to add a new dimension to this 'age old' management style which reminds me of macho-management of the 60's and 70's (sic).
What should replace MBO is what I call MBI (Management by I...
     
 
  Mission Statements and Management by Objectives
Many organisations have a mission statement that tries to encapsulate the overall strategic management of their company.
Such statements are designed to implicitly state the organisations objectives in the broader sense. Yet this often fa...
     
 
  Does Management by Objectives Work in a Church?
I find a lot of problems in church as a pure non profit organization. There is no a clear vision. There are not measurable objectives.
How can I implement MBO in church?...
     
 
  Circumstances for Management By Objectives?
MBO is applicable in the right situation / circumstances only: in small and middle business scale. My experience is not really good when I was CEO for a big company with over 3,000 workers with heterogene skill levels....
     
 
  Turning the Objectives into Actions
Drucker rightly identified the need for strategy and objectives, but did not pursue how to turn the objectives into actions. We have....
     
 
  How to Implement Management By Objectives?
How should one implement management by objectives?...
     
 
  Management By Objectives Examples
Can anyone give some examples of organizations using MBO successfuly today?...
     
 
  Management by Objectives and Clear Objectives
MBO gives clear direction to an employee what he is paid to do.... Under SMART whatever you do beyond set objectives goes in vain... Clearly defined objectives will be a greater use to him to avoid this. The million dollar question here is, how many ...
     
 
  SMART is Always Smart...
This is called you define your objectives... Though the implementation is tough.. The results are far from your imagination... Thats how they say... "good things don't come easily" - good to read it here....
     
 
  Setting SMART Objectives
What would be the best SMART objectives to set for the first-line manager, who just started on the job in the retail industry in the current economic crisis...
     
 
  Management by Objectives Needs Tracking and Feedback
I would like to dedicate my opinion on MBO. It aims to increase organizational performance by aligning goals and subordinate objectives throughout the organization. MBO includes ongoing tracking and feedback in the process to reach objectives, employ...
     
 

목표에 의한 관리 목표수립 시그(SIG)


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모범 사례 - 목표에 의한 관리 목표수립 프리미엄

Expert Tips (ENG) - Management by Objectives, SMART 프리미엄
 

Advantages of Management by Objectives for the Organization

MBO has many benefits for the various parties concerned.
Some benefits of MBO for the organization are:
1. The effectiveness of the m...
Usage (application) : Benefits of MBO at Firm Level
 
 
 

Advantages of Management by Objectives for the Employee

MBO has many benefits for the various parties concerned.
Some benefits of MBO for the employee are:
1. He knows what he has to do
...
Usage (application) : Benefits of MBO for Employees
 
 
 

Advantages of Management by Objectives for the Manager

MBO has many benefits for the various parties concerned.
Some benefits of MBO for the manager are:
1. Motivates the subordinates
...
Usage (application) : Benefits of MBO for Managers
 
 
 

Guidelines for Managing by Objectives

W. A. Danny developed 10 rules for MBO systems to be effective:
1. The boss must be devoted to and involved in the MBO program.
2. Goals mus...
Usage (application) : Implementing Management by Objectives, Best Practices
 
 
 

How Management By Objectives Establishes Buy-In, Commitment and Engagement

The most critical obstacles in managing is none other than the buy-in or commitment of the team. Or what the newly fad term calls 'en...
Usage (application) : Employee Participation
 
 
 

Other Versions of SMART Method: SMARTIE

We often use 2 extra terms in SMART and then call it SMARTIE:
- Inspiring
- Enthousiasm.
It puts the word SMART into another perspectiv...
Usage (application) : MBO
 
 
 

Best Practices to Better Target Setting

In most organizations it is very common to specify organizational targets with the aim of increasing performance. This seems to be a successful way to...
Usage (application) : Management by Objectives, SMART, Business Performance Management, Balanced Scorecard, KPIs, CSFs
 
 
 

Management by Dynamic Objectives (MBDO)

Normally MBO works with a particular time frame in mind. Over that period, various kinds of objectives are set and strived after, each achievable with...
Usage (application) : Implementing a Flexible MBO System
 
 
 

Managing Intelligent People

Remember it's best to tell clever people WHAT you want, not HOW to do it...
You will find these people more responsive and less defensive if you ...
Usage (application) : People Management
 
 
 

Fairness of Managers and Leaders: are Fair Leaders More Effective?

In many studies the relationship between fairness and effective leadership is studied. Managers and leaders are often responsible for decisions direct...
Usage (application) : Management, Leadership, HR, Performance Appraisals
 
 

자료 - 목표에 의한 관리 목표수립 프리미엄
 

뉴스

목표에 의한 관리 Drucker
     
 

뉴스

목표수립 Drucker
     
 

영화

목표에 의한 관리 Drucker
     
 

영화

목표수립 Drucker
     
 

프리젠 테이션

목표에 의한 관리 Drucker
     
 

프리젠 테이션

목표수립 Drucker
     
 

목표에 의한 관리 Drucker
     
 

목표수립 Drucker
     

목표에 의한 관리(관련개념 : CSF[주요성공요인]/KPI[핵심성과지표]  |  Value Based Management [가치기반 경영]  |  Results-Based Leadership [결과중심의 리더십]  |  RACI 챠트  |  Change Management [변화 관리]  |  Seven Habits [성공하는 사람들의 7가지 습관]  |  Seven Surprises [새로운 CEO의 7가지 놀라움]  |  Path-Goal Theory [경로-목표 이론]  |  Leadership Continuum [리더십 차원]  |  Result Oriented Management [결과지향적 관리]  |  Hoshin Kanri - Policy Deployment [정책전개]


다른 페이지로 이동: Change & Organization [변화와 조직]  |  의사결정과 가치평가  |  인적 자원  |  리더십  |  프로그램과 프로젝트 관리  |  전략


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