辨识变革流程过程中的角色及责任。 RACI模型解析。 RASCI和RASIC。


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RACI是一个相对直观的模型,用以明确组织变革过程中的各个角色及其相关责任。 我们知道,变革过程是不可能自发或者自动进行的, 必须有人对其进行作用,促使进程发生变化。 因而,就很有必要对谁做什么,以及促发什么样的变革进行定义和描述。


RACI的具体含义 英文缩写

  • 谁负责(R = Responsible), 即负责执行任务的角色,他/她具体负责操控项目、解决问题。
  • 谁批准(A = Accountable), 即对任务负全责的角色,只有经他/她同意或签署之后,项目才能得以进行。
  • 谁支持(S = Supportive), 即提供信息资源,辅助执行任务的人员。
  • 咨询谁(C = Consulted), 拥有完成项目所需的信息或能力的人员。
  • I =应该是消息灵通的。 即拥有特权、应及时被通知结果的人员,却不必向他/她咨询、征求意见。



  1. 辨识整个流程、找出各项活动,将它们记录在RACI表的左侧。

  2. 辨识流程、活动中的所有角色,将它们记录在RACI表的上方。

  3. 完成RACI表的方格单元: 辨识每一个流程、活动的角色(RASCI)。

  4. 每一个流程最好只有一个“R”角色,这是RACI的一般原则。 当一个流程找不到“R”角色时,则出现缺口。 当一个流程有多个“R”角色时,则出现交叠。

  5. 解决交叠问题。 每个流程只能有一个“R”角色,以便明确流程的具体拥有者和责任。 如果不止一个“R”存在,那么就要对该流程进行再分解,然而再对“R”进行分配。

  6. 解决缺口问题。 如果某个流程找不到“R”角色,这时对流程或项目负全责的权威人士则应该在现有角色中(或者发现新人选)挑选、任命一人担任“R”。 更新RASCI表,对各个角色及其相关责任进行阐述。

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RACI模型 小组


RACI模型 培训|活动


最佳实践 - RACI模型 高级帐户
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Expert Tips (ENG) - RACI Method | RACI Roles | RACI Model | RACI Process 高级帐户

Vertical RACI Analysis

If you find for any role:
* Lots of R's: Can or needs this person stay on top of so much? Can the decision/activity be broken into smaller, more ...
Usage (application)RACI Review

Horizontal RACI Analysis

If you find in any activity:
* No R's: Is the job getting done? Some roles may be awaiting approval, consultation or information. No one sees it ...
Usage (application)RACI Review

Extended RACI Variants

CAIRO or RACIO is another RACI-variant. The O meaning Omitted or Out of the Loop. Sometimes used to specify that certain individuals should NOT be inv...
Usage (application)Project Management, Assigning Responsibilities

Most Advanced Forms of RACI

More specific is: RASCI-VS.
- The 1st S stands for Supportive
- The V stands for Verifies
- The 2nd S stands for Signs.
Usage (application)Project Management, Assigning Responsibilities

相关资料 - RACI模型 高级帐户

















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