Competing Values Framework

Knowledge Center

   

Analyzing organizational effectiveness and leadership roles. Explanation of Competing Values Framework of Quinn and Rohrbaugh. ('83)

Contents

  1. Summary
  2. Forum
  3. Expert Tips
  4. Resources

  Print


Competing Values Framework?

Why register?

What is the Competing Values Framework? Explanation

The Competing Values Framework of Robert Quinn and Rohrbaugh is a theory that was developed initially from research done on the major indicators of effective organizations. Based on statistical analyses of a comprehensive list of effectiveness indicators, Quinn and Rohrbaugh (1983) discovered two major dimensions underlying conceptions of effectiveness.


Competing Values in Organizational Effectiveness

  • The first dimension is related to organizational focus, from an internal emphasis on the well-being and development of people in the organization towards an external focus on the well-being and development of the organization itself.
  • The second dimension differentiates the organizational preference for structure and represents the contrast between stability and control and flexibility and change. Together the two dimensions form four quadrants.

The Competing Values Framework got its name because the criteria within the four models at first seem to carry conflicting messages. Organizations must be adaptable and flexible, but we want them at the same time to be stable and controlled. A paradox.

Each quadrant of the framework represents one of four major models of organization and management theory (Quinn 1988):

  1. Human Relations Model. Places a lot of emphasis on flexibility and internal focus. It stresses cohesion, morale, and human resources development as criteria for effectiveness.
  2. Open Systems Model. Emphasizes flexibility and external focus, and stresses readiness, growth, resource acquisition and external support.
  3. Rational Goal Model. Emphasizes control and an external focus. It regards planning, goal setting, productivity and efficiency as being effective.
  4. Internal Process Model. Emphasizes control and an internal focus, and stresses the role of information management, communication, stability and control.
Quinn, Rohrbaugh Competing Values Framework analyzing organizational effectiveness

Competing Values in Leadership Roles

Another variant of the Competing Values Framework deals with leadership. Quinn uses his competing values framework of organizational effectiveness to organize the literature on leadership. Eight categories of leader behavior, or roles, emerge from his review of the literature. The figure on the right plots these eight roles onto the same framework as for the organizational effectiveness.

 

The resulting model of leadership was derived theoretically and represents "a hypothetical rather than an empirical statement about the perceptual understructure of leadership".

 

Quinn argues that more effective managers have the ability to play multiple, even competing leadership roles. Managers are expected to play all of these roles. And they should simultaneously consider and balance the competing demands that are represented by each set of expectations.


quinn leadership roles

The Competing Values Framework can be used in organizational context. It can be used as a strategic tool to develop supervision and management programs. It can also be used to help organizations diagnose their existing and desired cultures. Furthermore, it can be seen as a tool to examine organizational gaps. Another function might be to use it as a teaching tool for practicing managers. Or to help interpret and understand various organizational functions and processes. Another application is: to help organizational members better understand the similarities and differences of managerial leadership roles.




Competing Values Framework Forum (4 topics) Help
To get access to this forum, you need to be a member: Please log in... | Register
  Culture Types at the Basis of the Competing Value Framework
In an article called “Organizational Culture and Organizational Effectiveness: A Meta-Analytic Investigation of the Competing Values Framework’s Theoretical Suppositions”, Hartnell and Kinicki distinguish 4 types of culture that underlie the 4 quadra...
     
 

Dominating Values During the 4 Stages of Organization Development

Quinn assumes that the development of new organizations has four successive stages and each can be associated with a dominant perspective. He distinguishes successively:
1. Entrepreneurial phase. During which the open system has a dominant role....
     
 

Online Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument

Hello colleagues, an organizational culture assessment instrument based on the competing values framework is now online available at ocai-online.com
It's free for individual participants so take the test and try this instrument.
Is your cul...
     
 

Comparison Competing Values Framework versus Balanced Scorecard?

How does the Competing Values framework compare to the balanced scorecard approach?...
     
Start a new discussion: Please log in... | Register



Competing Values Framework Special Interest Group


Special Interest Group

Competing Values Framework Education & Events


Find Trainings, Seminars and Events


Expert Tips - Competing Values Framework Premium
Discover and utilize expert tips per method: Please log in... | Register
 

Key Competencies of Each Leadership Role

What Competencies are Typical for a Leadership Type?
 
 

Integrated Competing Values Framework

Refining the Competing Values Framework...
 

Resources - Competing Values Framework Premium
Access presentations, news and videos on each method: Please log in... | Register

Corporate Culture

Organizational Development

How to Become a Master Manager?

Introduction to Managing People. Know Thyself

Eight Roles

Key Competencies

Introduction to Leadership

Leadership Training

Competing Values Diagrams

Organizational Development
 

News

Competing Values
     
 

News

Values Theory
     
 

Videos

Competing Values
     
 

Videos

Values Theory
     
 

Presentations

Competing Values
     
 

Presentations

Values Theory
     
 

More

Competing Values
     
 

More

Values Theory
     

Compare with Competing Values Framework:  Leadership Continuum  |  EPIC ADVISERSEmotional Intelligence  |  Framing  |  Groupthink  |  Path-Goal Theory  |  Theory X Theory Y  |  Expectancy Theory  |  Herzberg Two Factor Theory  |  Leadership Styles  |  Results-Based Leadership  |  Ashridge Mission Model  |  Spiral Dynamics  |  Situational Leadership  |  Level 5 Leadership  |  Servant-Leadership


Return to Management Hub: Change & Organization  |  Communication & Skills  |  Ethics & Responsibility  |  Human Resources  |  Leadership


More Management Methods, Models and Theory

Sponsor
Sponsor this knowledge center

Special Interest Group Leader
Expert? Become our Competing Values SIG Leader.

All you need to know about management

12manage for:



Management Smart Card

12manage in:


The perfect souvenir for your education program




Copyright 2015 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V14.0 - Last updated: 27-4-2015. All names tm by their owners.