Net Present Value (NPV)

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Método tradicional do valuation. Explanação de Net Present Value.

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Net Present Value (NPV)Que é Net Present Value? Definição

Net Present Value (NPV) de um investimento (projeto) é a diferença entre a soma dos fluxos de dinheiro discontados que se esperam do investimento, e a quantidade que invested inicialmente. É um método tradicional do valuation (frequentemente para um projeto) usado na metodologia da medida de Discounted Cash Flow, por meio de que as seguintes etapas são empreendidas:


Etapas no cálculo de Net Present Value

  1. Cálculo de fluxos de dinheiro livres previstos (frequentemente por por o ano) esse resultado fora do investimento
  2. Subtraia/disconto para cost of capital (uma taxa de interesse a ajustar para o tempo e o risco)

O resultado intermediário é chame: Valor atual.

  1. Subtraia os investimentos iniciais

O resultado de fim é chame: Net Present Value.


Conseqüentemente o NPV é uma quantidade que expresse quanto valor um investimento resultará. Isto é feito medindo todos os fluxos de dinheiro sobre o tempo para trás para o ponto atual no tempo atual.


Se o método do NPV resultar em uma quantidade positiva, o projeto deve ser empreendido.


Limitações de Net Present Value

  • Embora a medida do NPV seja usada extensamente fazendo decisões do investimento, uma desvantagem do NPV é que não esclarece a flexibilidade/incerteza após a decisão do projeto. Veja Real Options para mais informação.
  • Também o NPV é incapaz de tratar dos benefícios intangíveis. Esta inabilidade diminui sua utilidade para edições e projetos estratégicos. Veja IC Rating para mais informação.

Livro: S. David Young, Stephen F.O'Byrne - EVA and Value-Based Management: A Practical Guide. -

Livro: Aswath Damodaran - Investment Valuation: Tools and Techniques for Determining the. -

Livro: James R. Hitchner - Financial Valuation: Applications and Models -


Fórum de Net Present Value
  NPV with Only Costs & IRR
Hi, I have been posed with the problem of trying to calculate an NPV, with only costs provided and an IRR. Additionally, costs are not incurred upfront, but by borrowing over each period at a given rate. Would it be incorrect to go ahead and use the ...
     
 
  Calculating NPV for a Project
John owns a nursery school. He estimates that, with an extension, he would be able to sell the business as a going concern for $600,000 in six years time. Without the extension, he would expect to sell it for $500,000 in six years’ time. A local buil...
     
 
  NPV Cost Avoidance and Savings
I evaluating a capital expenditure project where 'stand alone' (location 1) the savings from the investment are low. Due to this, the NPV is low. And thus the project is not feasible.
However this project also leads to cost avoidance at another ...
     
 
  Calculating Cost per Unit if Zero NPV without any Operating Costs Information
How does one calculate the cost per unit from the following info?
Initial investment of R120M, R8M maintenance costs per year, R5M additional costs for each 1M units produced and 1.2M units produced yearly. 11% interest rate on the investment an...
     
 
  NPV for Leased Equipment versus Purchased Equipment
Do any of you use NPV for a lease situation? I lease equipment and am often asked about purchase versus lease
I do not have the customers cash inflows, but when I'd do this comparison of NPVs, the least negative of the two would be the one to go...
     
 
  WHEN to Invest? Investing at the Right Moment...
I have done a NPV calculation for an investment option. The problem I'm thinking about is not IF I should invest, it is WHEN to invest.
Its weird to make a calculation on a 10 years basis for option 1 (invest now) and compare it with option 2 (i...
     
 
  Missed Interest in NPV
(How) Can I include interest income forgone in an NPV calculation?...
     
 
  NPV with a Missing Cash Flow Figure
Is is possible to calculate NPV with a missing cash flow figure? E.g. the expected cash flows for a 5 year project at 2% with initial investment of £5000 pounds are £1000, £2500, £2300, £1700 and unknown. Can't this be done?...
     
 
  Calculating NPV with Missing Data
How will I calculate the NPV if I only have the different annual income for 6 years business proposal?...
     
 
  Operating Cash Flows
What is the NPV of a project that has cost of 52,125 and net cash flows of 12,000 per year for 8 years with a cost of capital of 12 percent?...
     
 
  NPV of $1 Million for a Project Means What
If a NPV of one project is $1 million, what does it mean to an investor?...
     
 
  Example of Net Present Calculation
Consider the following two investments:
Investment 1 requires a cash investment of $ 10,000 today and $14,000 two years from now. One year from now this investment will yield $24,000.
Investment 2 requires a cash investment of $ 6,000 today...
     
 
  Does the Net Present Value (NPV) calculation uses cash inflows or profits?
Does the NPV calculation uses cash inflows or profits? Should I use the revenue generated by the project or the profit?...
     
 
  More Complex NPV Comparison: Interrelated Projects
How would I compare 3 projects - two have an NPV = $500,000 (over 9 years mixed stream of inflows and 20 years annuity, respectively) and one which is a lump of $490,000 cash right now?
...
     
 
  Choosing between Investments Using a Comparison of NPVs
If I have 2 investments and I compare the NPV of both. Which one I prefer? With the biggest NPV?...
     
 
  How do you Calculate NPV when Initial Investments are Unknown?
In calculating NPV when initial investment is not mentioned what should i do? Only cost and benefit from year 1 is given. What would be the power of (1+discount rate) 1 or 0?...
     
 
  NPV of Partial Payments
Suppose a business sells an average of $ 1000 per month to a group of 200 customers on Net 30 terms. What would be the financial benefit to the seller if those customers each paid 1/30th of the invoice each day for 30 days.
The situation is one...
     
 
  NPV assumes Certainty of Cash Flows
When using the Net Present Value method be careful: this calculation assumes certainly in the forecasted future cash flows. For strategic longer term projects this assumptions is often not valid in today's volatile markets and uncertain business envi...
     
 

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Melhores Práticas - Net Present Value Premium
  Re-evaluating an investment decision
Question: I am re-evaluating an investment decision from 2004 - - where the initial investment was made. If I wanted to look at the investment today would I need to take the future value of the past CFs and investment into todays dollars and then re ...
     
 

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Recursos - Net Present Value Premium
 

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Compare com Net Present Value: Internal Rate of Return  |  Payback Period  |  Cost-Benefit Analysis  |  Total Cost of Ownership  |  CAGR  |  Custo do patrmônio


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