Net Present Value (NPV)

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従来の評価方法。 Net Present Valueの説明。

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Net Present Value (NPV)Net Present Valueは何であるか。 定義

投資(プロジェクト)のNet Present Value (NPV)は投資から予想される割引かれた現金流動の合計間の相違、および最初に投資される量である。 それは次のステップが実行されるというDiscounted Cash Flowの測定の方法で使用される従来の評価方法(頻繁にプロジェクトのために)である:


Net Present Valueの計算のステップ

  1. 投資からの予想された自由な現金流動の計算(頻繁に1年1ごとにごとに)その結果
  2. cost of capital (時間および危険を調節するべき利率)のための引きなさい/割引

中間結果はと称される: 現在価値

  1. 最初の投資を引きなさい

最終結果はと称される: Net Present Value


従ってNPVはどの位価値を投資がin.生じるか表現する量である。 これは現在の現在のポイントの方のすべての現金流動をそのうちに測定することによってされる。


NPV方法が肯定的な量で起因すれば、プロジェクトは実行されるべきである。


Net Present Valueの限定

  • NPVの測定が投資決定を作るために広く利用されているが、NPVの不利な点はプロジェクトの決定の後で柔軟性/不確実性を説明しないことである。 より多くの情報についてはReal Optionsを見なさい。
  • またNPVは無形利点を取扱ってない。 この無力は戦略的な問題およびプロジェクトのための実用性を減らす。 より多くの情報についてはIC Ratingを見なさい。

本: S. David Young, Stephen F.O'Byrne - EVA and Value-Based Management: A Practical Guide. -

本: Aswath Damodaran - Investment Valuation: Tools and Techniques for Determining the. -

本: James R. Hitchner - Financial Valuation: Applications and Models -


Net Present Value フォーラム
  NPV with Only Costs & IRR
Hi, I have been posed with the problem of trying to calculate an NPV, with only costs provided and an IRR. Additionally, costs are not incurred upfront, but by borrowing over each period at a given rate. Would it be incorrect to go ahead and use the ...
     
 
  Calculating NPV for a Project
John owns a nursery school. He estimates that, with an extension, he would be able to sell the business as a going concern for $600,000 in six years time. Without the extension, he would expect to sell it for $500,000 in six years time. A local buil...
     
 
  NPV Cost Avoidance and Savings
I evaluating a capital expenditure project where 'stand alone' (location 1) the savings from the investment are low. Due to this, the NPV is low. And thus the project is not feasible.
However this project also leads to cost avoidance at another ...
     
 
  Calculating Cost per Unit if Zero NPV without any Operating Costs Information
How does one calculate the cost per unit from the following info?
Initial investment of R120M, R8M maintenance costs per year, R5M additional costs for each 1M units produced and 1.2M units produced yearly. 11% interest rate on the investment an...
     
 
  NPV for Leased Equipment versus Purchased Equipment
Do any of you use NPV for a lease situation? I lease equipment and am often asked about purchase versus lease
I do not have the customers cash inflows, but when I'd do this comparison of NPVs, the least negative of the two would be the one to go...
     
 
  WHEN to Invest? Investing at the Right Moment...
I have done a NPV calculation for an investment option. The problem I'm thinking about is not IF I should invest, it is WHEN to invest.
Its weird to make a calculation on a 10 years basis for option 1 (invest now) and compare it with option 2 (i...
     
 
  Missed Interest in NPV
(How) Can I include interest income forgone in an NPV calculation?...
     
 
  NPV with a Missing Cash Flow Figure
Is is possible to calculate NPV with a missing cash flow figure? E.g. the expected cash flows for a 5 year project at 2% with initial investment of 5000 pounds are 1000, 2500, 2300, 1700 and unknown. Can't this be done?...
     
 
  Calculating NPV with Missing Data
How will I calculate the NPV if I only have the different annual income for 6 years business proposal?...
     
 
  Operating Cash Flows
What is the NPV of a project that has cost of 52,125 and net cash flows of 12,000 per year for 8 years with a cost of capital of 12 percent?...
     
 
  NPV of $1 Million for a Project Means What
If a NPV of one project is $1 million, what does it mean to an investor?...
     
 
  Example of Net Present Calculation
Consider the following two investments:
Investment 1 requires a cash investment of $ 10,000 today and $14,000 two years from now. One year from now this investment will yield $24,000.
Investment 2 requires a cash investment of $ 6,000 today...
     
 
  Does the Net Present Value (NPV) calculation uses cash inflows or profits?
Does the NPV calculation uses cash inflows or profits? Should I use the revenue generated by the project or the profit?...
     
 
  More Complex NPV Comparison: Interrelated Projects
How would I compare 3 projects - two have an NPV = $500,000 (over 9 years mixed stream of inflows and 20 years annuity, respectively) and one which is a lump of $490,000 cash right now?
...
     
 
  Choosing between Investments Using a Comparison of NPVs
If I have 2 investments and I compare the NPV of both. Which one I prefer? With the biggest NPV?...
     
 
  How do you Calculate NPV when Initial Investments are Unknown?
In calculating NPV when initial investment is not mentioned what should i do? Only cost and benefit from year 1 is given. What would be the power of (1+discount rate) 1 or 0?...
     
 
  NPV of Partial Payments
Suppose a business sells an average of $ 1000 per month to a group of 200 customers on Net 30 terms. What would be the financial benefit to the seller if those customers each paid 1/30th of the invoice each day for 30 days.
The situation is one...
     
 
  NPV assumes Certainty of Cash Flows
When using the Net Present Value method be careful: this calculation assumes certainly in the forecasted future cash flows. For strategic longer term projects this assumptions is often not valid in today's volatile markets and uncertain business envi...
     
 

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ベストプラクティス - Net Present Value プレミアム
  Re-evaluating an investment decision
Question: I am re-evaluating an investment decision from 2004 - - where the initial investment was made. If I wanted to look at the investment today would I need to take the future value of the past CFs and investment into todays dollars and then re ...
     
 

Expert Tips (ENG) - Net Present Value (NPV) プレミアム

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Net Present Valueをと比較した: Internal Rate of Return  |  Payback Period  |  Cost-Benefit Analysis  |  Total Cost of Ownership  |  CAGR  |  株式の費用


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版権 2016 12manage - 幹部ファーストトラック。V14.1 - 最近の更新: 27-9-2016。所有者別の全 tm 名。