SECI model
(Nonaka Takeuchi)

Knowledge Center

   

A unified model of dynamic organizational knowledge creation. Explanation of SECI model of Nonaka and Takeuchi. ('95)

Contributed by: Tom De Geytere

Contents

  1. Summary
  2. Forum
  3. Best Practices
  4. Expert Tips
  5. Resources
  6. Print

SECI model Nonaka TakeuchiWhat is the SECI model? Description

Ikujiro Nonaka and Hirotaka Takeuchi propose a model of the knowledge creating process to understand the dynamic nature of knowledge creation, and to manage such a process effectively: the SECI model. It consist of 3 elements:

  1. SECI
  2. Ba
  3. Knowledge Assets

These 3 elements interact with each other organically and dynamically. The knowledge assets of an organization are mobilized and shared in 'Ba' whereas the tacit knowledge held by individuals is converted and amplified by the spiral of knowledge through:

  • Socialization
  • Externalization
  • Combination
  • Internalization

The three elements should be integrated under clear leadership so that the organization can create knowledge continuously and dynamically: it must become a discipline for organizational members.


SECI

The creation of knowledge is a continuous process of dynamic interactions between tacit and explicit knowledge. The four modes of knowledge conversion interact in the spiral of knowledge creation. The spiral becomes larger in scale as it moves up through organizational levels, and can trigger new spirals of knowledge creation.
SECO model four categories of Ba
Socialization. Sharing tacit knowledge through face-to-face communication or shared experience. An example is an apprenticeship.
Externalization. Developing concepts, which embed the combined tacit knowledge. And which enable its communication.
Combination. Combination of various elements of explicit knowledge: building a prototype is an example.
Internalization. Closely linked to learning by doing, the explicit knowledge becomes part of the individual's knowledge base (e.g. mental model) and becomes an asset for the organization.


Ba

This difficult concept (there is no exact translation of the word) can be defined as a shared context in which knowledge is shared, created and utilized through interaction.


The diagram illustrates the various types of Ba, each offering a context for a specific step in the knowledge-creating process.

Examples of the categories, using Seven-Eleven (Japanese convenience shops):

  • Originating Ba: the shop floor, it enables people to interact with each other and with customers.
  • Dialoguing Ba: the tacit knowledge of local employees is used to create sales forecasts, in dialogue with each other.
  • Systemizing Ba: the forecasts of sales are tested against the sales results and are fed back to the local stores.
  • Exercising Ba: using this information, and comparing it to reality, staff improve their skills and ability to make the forecasts.
     

Four categories of knowledge assetsKnowledge assets

These are company-specific resources that are indispensable to create values for the firm. They are the inputs, outputs, and moderating factors, of the knowledge-creating process.


To effectively manage knowledge creation and exploitation, a company has to 'map' its inventory of knowledge assets. Cataloguing is however not enough: knowledge assets are dynamic; new knowledge assets can be created from existing knowledge assets.

 













The role of leadership is illustrated in the next diagram:
SECI - role of leadership
 

Origin of the SECI model. History

The model from Nonaka and Takeuchi is based on Polanyi's distinction between tacit and explicit knowledge (1983) and provides an understanding of knowledge creation and management from a Japanese business culture perspective.


Strengths of the SECI model. Benefits

  • Appreciates the dynamic nature of knowledge and knowledge creation.
  • Provides a framework for management of the relevant processes.

Limitations of the SECI model. Disadvantages

  • It is based on a study of Japanese organizations, which heavily rely on tacit knowledge: employees are often with a company for life.
  • The linearity of the concept: can the spiral jump steps? Can it go counter-clockwise?

Book: Ikujiro Nonaka, Hirotaka Takeuchi - The Knowledge-Creating Company -


SECI model Forum
  Nonaka's SECI Process versus Peter Senge's Learning Organization
How does Nonaka's SECI process support the Learning Organization?
What is the difference between Peter Senge's Fifth Discipline approach to a learning organization and Nonaka's SECI module?
...
     
 
  Linking SECI Model to Innovation
I have some thoughts on how Knowledge Management and Innovation are linked... There are a number of models for implementing innovation. A simple model that I like involves 5 steps:
1. Idea Generation
2. Idea Selection
3. Idea Implement...
     
 
  (How) Does the SECI Model Work in Western Cultures?
The SECI concept was developed (and works extremely well) for Japanese businesses (culture). I would be interested in how it is applied in Japan.
I believe it will not work well in western cultures that have a hierarchical approach to management...
     
 
  SECI Software Tools?
Hi Everybody. I am looking for a software solution to support a SECI implementation.
Does anybody has a software product in mind? One based on SECI model?
Best regards......
     
 
  History of Knowledge Management
I found that other models and concepts came after SECI model. Referring to history,
- "Since 1975, the knowledge management (KM) related developments have been the emerging subject in organizations" (Wigg, 1997).
- The momentum in knowled...
     
 
  Commonality of SECI Model
Is the SECI model the most used knowledge management model? Or, at least, the most 'adapted' one?...
     
 
  Advantages Disadvantages Between SECI Model and Other Models
What are the main advantages/disadvantages (and other main differences) between SECI model and other models?...
     
 
  SECI for Integration between eTOM and KM System
The SECI model has been implemented in many industries. Telecom industry has eTOM as business process framework with critical knowledge in each level of processes. It needs specific effort to integrate SECI with eTOM dealing with three different pr...
     
 
  SECI Model as a tool for developing an effective teaching pedagogy.
My paper entitled "effects of mountain climbing learning analogy in the achievement and attitudes of university freshmen in mathematics" proved that this model, despite developed as an organizational knowledge creation process (for businesses), that ...
     
 
  Capturing Experiences
The best model of capturing data from those who posses experience/s. Sadly overlooked by Commercial & Research entities. e.g Ayurveda, Arts etc. ...
     
 
  SECI is a knowledge management process
The SECI model can be easily appreciated as a KM process comprising (1) harnessing existing and creating new knowledge through the SECI process (2) implemented at forum(s) like shop floors/offices providing environment and incentive to share knowledg...
     
 
  The Meaning of the Japanese Word Ba
I need a bit more on "Ba". Is this word coming from Japanese? And if, yes, is it written with which kanji for "ba"? (場?)...
     
 
  Implementing SECI in an Organization
Can anyone explain how an implementation of SECI works and plz explain with an example? Thanks...
     
 
  Recognition SECI Model
I believe the SECI Model developed by Nonaka and Takeuchi has come to be the most recognised and accepted model of knowledge transfer all over the world. It is precise, clear and simple to understand.... That's what a good model should be like......
     
 
  Relevant for Knowledge Management
I found this article very interesting for my course work...
     
 

SECI model Special Interest Group


Special Interest Group

SECI model Education & Events


Find Trainings, Seminars and Events


Best Practices - SECI model Premium
  What is the Best Way to Transfer Tacit Knowledge?
In my opinion, the SECI model is essence of knowledge management. With this model, we can grow to complex models creating complementary models and support tools.
The greater doubt is: what is the best way for transfering tacit knowledge?...
     
 

Expert Tips - SECI model Premium
 

Barriers that Hinder Effective Knowledge Sharing

According to Chris Collison, there are seven common barriers or syndromes that hinder effecti...
Usage (application): Effective Knowledge Sharing, Pitfalls to Avoid, Knowledge Management Implementation
 
 
 

9 Major Definitions of Knowledge Management

- KM is the "process of collecting, organizing, classifying and disseminating information throughout an organization, so as to make it purposeful to t...
Usage (application): Knowledge Management
 
 
 

How to Identify and Map Knowledge

In his article “Knowledge Mapping: The Essentials for Success”, Wesley Vestal provides following six tips to identify and map knowledge:
1. Defin...
Usage (application): Knowledge Identification, Knowledge Capturing, Knowledge Storage
 
 
 

The N-Form Organization (Hedlund)

Gunnar Hedlund of the Stockholm School of Economics introduced the notion of the N-Form corporation in 1994. He proposed that the N-Form corpor...
Usage (application): Alternate KM Framework
 
 
 

Critical Activities to Build a Learning Organization

Learning organizations are distinguished because they are undertaking certain activities to foster the internal learning process. Those activities inc...
Usage (application): Implementing Organizational Learning, Best Practices
 
 
 

Capturing Learned Lessons

Knowledge from bad and good experiences will lead you and your organization to better future performance. You can improve your learning culture with <...
Usage (application): How to Capture Organizational Learning? Best Practices
 
 
 

Knowledge Management Scope

Research by Deishin Lee (HBS) and Eric Van den Steen (MIT) shows that recording mediocre know-how can actually be counter-productive, since such medio...
Usage (application): Knowledge Management, Level of Know-how
 
 
 

Three Pillars of Knowledge Management (WiiG)

Karl Wiig is one of the pioneers in the field of Knowledge Management and was among the first to publish a series of texts that assembled manag...
Usage (application): Alternate KM Framework
 
 
 

Components of Learning Agility

One of the critical factors for achieving organizational agility is learning agility, which refers to the ability and eagerness to learn from experien...
Usage (application): Organizational Agility, Organizational Learning, Knowledge Management
 
 
 

Positive Effects of Age Diversity on Company Productivity and (Tacit) Knowledge Sharing

Backes-Gellner and Veen (2013) outlined the main advantages of having a diverse workforce within a company. The following positive effects were pointe...
Usage (application): Tacit Knowledge Transfer, Workforce Productivity, Incentive Management
 
 
 

Knowledge Management Focal Point

Research by Deishin Lee (HBS) and Eric Van den Steen (MIT) shows that information about successes is typically more useful than information about fail...
Usage (application): Knowledge Management Focus
 
 

Resources - SECI model Premium

Revisiting Knowledge Management

Very good paper by Madhukar Shukla gives historic overview of KM, 3 dimensions of KM and future directions of KM....
Usage (application): Integrating Knower with the Knowledge Processes
 

People and Latent Knowledge in Organizational Learning

Knowledge management theory has struggled with the concept of knowledge creation. Since the seminal article of Nonaka in 1991, an industry has grown u...
Usage (application): Knowledge Creation, Explicit Knowledge, Tacit Knowledge
 

How Businesses can Use Information Technology (IT) in Strategic Ways

This presentation looks at Information Technology from a strategic point of view. In other words, it discusses in what ways IT can be used as a strate...
Usage (application): Strategic Management, Information Technology
 

How to Improve Knowledge Sharing in Knowledge-intensive Organizations

This presentation elaborates on the concept of knowledge sharing, thereby focusin on a knowledge-intensive organization context. The presentation incl...
Usage (application): Knowledge Management, Knowledge Sharing Motivation, Knowledge Sharing Platform. Tacit Knowledge
 

Overview of Existing Types of Knowledge

This presentation provides an overview of the different types of knowledge that exist. The presentation includes the following sections:
1. Knowl...
Usage (application): Knowledge Management, Knowledge Types, Tacit, Implicit, Explicit, Declarative, Procedural Knowledge
 

Knowledge Management Systems Architecture

This presentation is about knowledge development and management, including the following sections:
1. Overview
2. Knowledge creation
3....
Usage (application): Knowledge Management, Knowledge Creation, Knowledge Systems, Knowledge Architecture
 

Introduction to Knowledge Management: Foundation Principles and Building Concepts

1. What is Knowledge?
1. What is Knowledge Management? Definition
2. Knowledge Foundation Principles and Building Concepts
2.1. Knowled...
Usage (application): Knowledge Management, Knowledge Sharing, Learning Organization
 

Leveraging Cognition for Competitive Advantage:A Knowledge-Based Strategy Process

Article by Senthil K. Muthusamy and Ramaraj Palanisamy. One of the central bases for achieving competitive advantage is the organizational capability ...
Usage (application): Knowledge-intensive firms
 

Knowledge Transfer and Knowledge Sharing

Preentation that is an introduction into the concept of Knowledge Transfer, including its fundamentals, strategies, guidelines and roles. The presenta...
Usage (application): Knowledge Management, Knowledge Sharing, Knowledge Transfer
 

Discovering Knowledge Management Forces

This paper by Khalid Samara is an ongoing research in the area of knowledge management (KM) and evidence-based practice (EBP). This study reveals that...
Usage (application): Healthcare
 

Introduction and Summary of SECI

Knowledge Management
Is utilizing tacit (the unseen huge part of the iceberg), as well as explicit (the tip of the iceberg) knowledge a core feat...
Usage (application): Initial Understanding of SECI. Start of workshop/training
 

How to Integrate Internal Organizational Knowledge with External Online Communities

Due to many online and web-based technological developments in today´s digital economy, sharing knowledge in online communities has become increasingl...
Usage (application): Knowledge Management, Knowledge Creation, Knowledge Sharing, Interaction, Knowledge in Organizations
 

Knowledge Creation: The SECI Model

Presentation about the SECI model of Nonaka and Takeuchi (1996), a model about knowledge creation. The model is...
Usage (application): Knowledge Management, Knowledge Creation
 

Knowledge Sharing and Organizational Learning through Communities of Practices

Knowledge management in Communities of Practice (CoPs)
This presentation is about organizational learning and knowledge sharing, thereby emphasiz...
Usage (application): Knowledge Sharing, Organizational Learning, Communities of Practices, Special Interest Groups
 

SECI Model Diagrams

Download and edit these 12manage PowerPoint graphics for limited personal, educational and business use. Republishing in intranets, websites, books, ...
Usage (application): Knowledge Management
 

Knowledge Transfer in the E-world

This is a presentation about Knowledge Transfer (KT), specifically focused on KT in the e-world. The presentation consists of the following sections:<...
Usage (application): Knowledge Management, Knowledge Transfer, Internet, Intranet, E-Business, CRM
 

3 Pillars of KM

Three Pillars of Knowledge Management (Wiig)....
Usage (application): Knowledge Management
 

N-Form Organization

The Dynamics of Knowledge Management in an N-Form Organization....
Usage (application): Knowledge Management
 
 

News

Seci Nonaka
     
 

News

Seci Knowledge
     
 

Videos

Seci Nonaka
     
 

Videos

Seci Knowledge
     
 

Presentations

Seci Nonaka
     
 

Presentations

Seci Knowledge
     
 

More

Seci Nonaka
     
 

More

Seci Knowledge
     

Compare with the SECI model: Bridging Epistemologies  |  Organizational Learning  |  Organizational Memory  |  Action Learning  |  Knowledge Management (Collison & Parcell)


Return to Management Hub: Knowledge & Intangibles  |  Leadership


More Management Methods, Models and Theory

Special Interest Group Leader

You here


About 12manage | Advertising | Link to us | Privacy | Terms of Service
Copyright 2016 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V14.0 - Last updated: 26-8-2016. All names tm by their owners.