Understanding giving and receiving of information. Explanation of the Johari Window of Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham. ('50)
Contributed by: Guy Bloom
What is the Johari Window? Description
The Johari Window method (JW) from Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham (hence:
Joseph & Harry = Johari) helps us understand how we are giving and receiving
information. The JW can help to illustrate and improve the self-awareness
between individuals and teams. It can also be used to change group dynamics
within a business context.
In the beginning of a communication process, when you meet someone, the size of the Arena quadrant is not very large, since there has been little time and opportunity to exchange information. The general rule of thumb is that you should try to expand the Arena to become the dominant window, thus demonstrating transparency, openness and honesty in interactions (Diagram 2). Probably when you do this, the other party will also open himself up.
writing about this topic often refers to the singular ("self"). But by changing
the word "self" into "team", the model also allows a team dynamic approach.
Origin of the Johari Window. History
The JW model was developed by American psychologists Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham in the 1950s, while they were researching group dynamics. Today the JW model is especially relevant because of the modern emphasis on soft skills, behavior, empathy, cooperation, inter-group development and interpersonal development. Interestingly, Luft and Ingham called their Johari Window model 'Johari' after combining their first names, Joseph and Harrington. In early publications the word actually appears as 'JoHari'. The JW became a widely used model to understand and train self-awareness, for personal development, to improve communications, interpersonal relationships, group dynamics, team development and inter-group relationships.
Usage of the Johari Window. Applications
The JW is generally used for teaching and considering and administering an understanding of:
With a little consideration Johari is also suitable for multiple usage:
Steps in the Johari Window. Process
There exist questionnaires that will define the place of the individual and or team in relation to one another.
Strengths of the Johari Window. Benefits
Limitations of the Johari Window. Disadvantages
Assumptions of the Johari Window. Conditions
In reality Johari's assumption is the same as any feedback-tool: the individuals which are experiencing the process must proceed further to create Development Plans, etc.
Compare with Johari Window: Brainstorming | Emotional Intelligence | PAEI | Leadership Pipeline | 4 Dimensions of Relational Work | Stages of Team Development | Whole Brain Model | Delphi Method | Framing | Attribution Theory | Hierarchy of Needs | Team Management Profile | Coaching | Mentoring