Just-in-time Filosofie (JIT Filosofie)

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Supply Chain Planning. Verklaring van de Just-in-time filosofie van Taiichi Ohno. ('70)

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Just-in-Time

Wat is Just-in-time? Definitie

Just-in-time werd in de vroege jaren '70 gepionierd door Taiichi Ohno in Japan bij het autoassemblage bedrijf Toyota. Het is een filosofie voor het organiseren van productie. JIT vermindert afval door slechts onderdelen te leveren wanneer het assemblageproces ze vereist. Centraal bij JIT staat de kanban, het Japanse woord voor kaart. Deze kanban kaart wordt verzonden naar het magazijn om een standaardhoeveelheid onderdelen aan te vragen als en wanneer zij in het assemblage/productieproces zijn opgebruikt. JIT vereist precisie, aangezien de juiste onderdelen "just-in-time" op de juiste plaats moeten aankomen (de werkpositie aan de lopende band). Het wordt hoofdzakelijk gebruikt voor hoogvolume continue productieprocessen.


Geschiedenis van Just-in-Time

Historisch, kwam de JIT filosofie uit twee andere dingen voort:

  1. De wens van Japan om zijn productiekwaliteit te verbeteren. Op dat ogenblik, hadden Japanse bedrijven een slechte reputatie wat betreft de kwaliteit van produceren en autoproductie in het bijzonder.
  2. Kaizen-filosofie, ook een Japanse methode van ononderbroken verbetering.

Het just-in-time raamwerk beschouwt voorraden als een slecht excuus voor slechte planning, inflexibiliteit, verkeerde machines, kwaliteitsproblemen, enz. Het doel van JIT is de reactie op klanten te versnellen en tegelijkertijd de voorraden te minimaliseren. Voorraden helpen om snel te antwoorden op veranderende klanteneisen, maar kosten onvermijdelijk geld en verhogen het benodigde werkkapitaal.


In 1990 schreef James Womack een boek genoemd de "The Machine That Changed The World", waarin hij de term "Lean Produktie" introduceerde. Ook kunt u het volgende woord aantreffen: „Lean Production“. De principes achter deze aanpakken verschillen niet wezenlijk van de technieken die door Ohno in Toyota werden ontwikkeld.


Aandachtsgebieden van Just-in-Time

De typische aandachtsgebieden van de implementaties van JIT omvatten:

  • Vermindering van de voorraad.
  • Kleinere productiepartijen en partijgrootte.
  • Kwaliteitsbeheersing.
  • Vermindering ven de complexiteit en transparantie.
  • Vlakke organisatiestructuur en delegatie.
  • Minimalisering van het afval.

Extern uitgebreide Just-in-Time

Door de komst van Internet en van Supply Chain Planning software, hebben bedrijven ondertussen Just-in-time productie tot buiten de bedrijfgrenzen uitgebreid. Door van hun leveranciers te eisen om slechts voorraad aan de fabriek te leveren wanneer deze voor assemblage nodig is, maakt JIT productie-, ordering- en leveringprocessen nog sneller, flexibeler en efficiënter. Op deze wijze, worden Demand (Vraag) Netwerken gevormd, of Electronische Supply Chains.


Just-in-time Filosofie | JIT Filosofie Forum
  Bedrijven Gezocht voor Onderzoek Lean
Wilt u ook zo graag weten waar uw bedrijf nu eigenlijk staat binnen Lean produceren? Dan is dit de uitgelezen kans voor U. Een team van Rijksuniversiteit Groningen studenten doet onderzoek naar de implementatie van Lean activiteiten en het effect van...
     
 
  Lean en Kaizen in (G)GZ
Wie heeft ervaring met deze methodieken in de gezondheidszorg en/of GGZ?...
     
 
  List of Barriers to Just-in-Time | Barriers to JIT
Though JIT as a theoretical concept seems superb, there are practical barriers in getting this concept to work in reality and get JIT implemented properly. Let's create a complete a list of all those barriers to act as a reference for those wanting t...
     
 
  Single Minute Exchange of Dies
Dear reader, I am currently working on a Single Minute Exchange of Dies (SMED) project in a beer production facility.
To implement SMED, I need to determine the baseline on which processes are done now during the changeover. I wanted to FILM thi...
     
 
  Customer Support in Just in Time is Needed
I think for implementing Just-In-Time, the customer must support it with firm and better forecasting, co-operative and committed for inwarding supplies as per the issued schedules. Else we will get sandwiched between performance and customer r...
     
 
  Can Just-in-Time Work Without Kanban?
Just-in-Time is a basic philosophy or a paradigm. If you read about it, you still have no idea HOW to do it.

Kanban however gives a practical way to achieve Just-in-Time. As Taiichi Ohno says:”Kanban, in essence, becomes the autono...
     
 
  The Principles of Lean
Lean works on certain principles:
1. Identify customer specific value (customer requirements);
2. Value stream mapping for the process (identify process);
3. Create flow (reduce cycle time);
4. Eliminate waste and non-value-added ...
     
 
  Classification of Lean Tools
Can you briefly explain how to classify lean tools?
I mean: different people seem to classify Lean tools in different ways, for example according to the 8 wastes. Who can give me another way to clas...
     
 
  Just-in-time Needs Flexibility
Of course, Just-in-time needs a flexible manufacturing system.
But actually, this flexibility has several aspects. For a proper functioning JIT-system, flexibility is required towards:
* Changes in product demand: the process ...
     
 
  How to Reduce the Vendor Risks with Just-in-Time ?
When we execute JIT, we normally require our vendor to prepare some stock to deliver fast.
If there are design change requests, or other products updates, how to reduce vendor stock risk?...
     
 
  The Impact of JIT on the Organization of Production Planning
JIT will have a strong impact on your organization of production planning.
With JIT, a factory should operate in a company similar as the autonomic nervous system in the human body. For example the human body will take care of our heartbeat and ...
     
 
  Why is a Sustainable Business Approach Capable of Removing So Much Inefficiency after years of JIT?
I had a very interesting conversation with someone who has become recently Chief Sustainability Officer of a top 10 pharma company (after years as global head of engineering there).
He is using a  
   
 
  Experiences with Including Purchased Parts in Kanban
Taiichi Ohno was plant manager of a Toyota factory when he started experimenting with JIT, Kanban and other Lean tools. This is one of his stories:
‘ … we used Kanban in select areas only and the purchased parts were the very last to be p...
     
 
  Just-in-time: Problematic or Possible?
Just-in-time (JIT) has always been a troublesome part of the management of any supply chain. However, it is feasible if the parties have a better understanding of their respective roles and the value each must bring to the chain.
Managing a supp...
     
 
  Definition of Just-in-time
JIT can be considered as:
1. A way of life
2. A philosophy of continuous improvement
3. A way to achieve manufacturing excellence by continually eliminating waste....
     
 
  Poka Yoke - Explanation
Poka Yoke is a method that shapes the production process the way it gets almost impossible to make mistakes. Employees have to make improvements in the process and needs to come up with proposals on how to prevent all the mistakes. The process has to...
     
 
  Information Velocity
Why is information velocity important in supply chain management?...
     
 
  Importance of Inventory Velocity
Why is inventory velocity so important in supply chain management?...
     
 
  Lean Manufacturing Tools for Beginners
Could somebody tell me what are the most important lean tools and techniques that should be used in a company that are about to implement lean manufacturing for the first time? Why? Thank you for your suggestions....
     
 

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Best Practices - Just-in-time Filosofie | JIT Filosofie Premium
  Combining JIT and Outsourcing
JIT and outsourcing go hand in hand.
On one side it seems contradictory. JIT stands for producing and delivering to the customer what he wants when he wants. This is an extreme challenging condition. So you would expect that we should not furthe...
     
 
  Assumptions of Just-in-time (JIT)
Assumptions for effective JIT:
1. It depends on the type of product a company is manufacturing. JIT works best in food (perishable) business, fashion but can also be applied in cars manufacturing like in Toyota.
2. Deep buyer-supplier relat...
     
 

Expert Tips (ENG) - Just-in-time Premium
 

Main Advantages of JIT?

Among the main causes for the success of Just-in-time are its capabilities to deal with certain major economic trends:
a. Deal with decrea...
Usage (application): Benefits of Just-in-time
 
 
 

Lean Tools to Attack Waste

What lean tools you can use for every waste you can find at your company?
Before you try to implement these lean tools you have to train your ass...
Usage (application): Waste Management, Waste Tools Overview
 
 
 

7 Things to Avoid in Just-in-Time

The seven zeros or seven areas of wastes in JIT / Lean Thinking are:
- Zero Defects: To avoid delays due to defects
- Zero (Excess) Lot Siz...
Usage (application): Just-in-Time Pitfalls
 
 
 

Use of Andon as Part of Just-in-time

Just-in-time is a pull-system. That means that when the customer places his order, the machine starts rolling.
Of course the whole organiz...
Usage (application): Signaling Abnormalities
 
 
 

The 8 Wastes of Lean Explained

T - Transport - Moving people, products & information
I - Inventory - Storing parts, pieces, documentation ahead of requirements
M - Motion ...
Usage (application): Waste Management
 
 
 

Standard Work in Just-in-Time

A just-in-time organization has to be capable to function 100% reliable when ‘pulled’ by the customer.
To achieve this readiness the organ...
Usage (application): Just-in-Time
 
 
 

Operation Management Issues and Focus Areas

According to Heizer and Render, there are 10 decision areas of Operation Management (each having typical issues):
1. Goods and Services De...
Usage (application): Operations Management, JIT, Kaizen
 
 
 

How to Focus your Improvement Efforts?

Very often organizations consider continuous improvement as committing on improvement efforts, and thus creating projects to implement them, in all ar...
Usage (application): Achieve More With Less, Kaizen, BPR, JIT, Lean, Value Chain
 
 
 

Synonyms of Just-in-time (JIT)

Instead of JIT, you may also find the following similar terms:
- Continuous Flow Manufacturing (IBM)
- Stockless Production (HP)
- Repe...
Usage (application): Other Terms that are used to Indicate JIT
 
 
 

JIT II

The term JIT II has been applied as co-location and is a further step toward reducing unnecessary logistics times and costs and exploring further oppo...
Usage (application): JIT with supplier
 
 
 

Obtaining a High Supplier Quality

W. Edward Deming, a well-known management consultant, strongly recommended Sole (Single) Sourcing as the only management way to obtain high supplier q...
Usage (application): Best Practice to Consider
 
 

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Auteursrecht 2016 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V14.1 - Laatst bijgewerkt op: 5-12-2016. Alle namen zijn tm van hun eigenaren.