Kulturdimensioner
(Hofstede)

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Utforskar fem sorters (dimensioner) om skillnader/i värdeperspektiven mellan nationella kulturer. Förklaring till Kulturdimensioner (Cultural Dimensions) av Geert Hofstede. ('80)

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Kulturdimensioner Enligt Geert Hofstede, så finns det inte någon sådant som en universell managementmetod eller managementteori som är giltig över hela världen. Även uttrycket ”management” har olika ursprung och betydelse ute i världen. Management är inte ett fenomen som kan isoleras från andra processer som äger rum i samhället. Den interagerar med vad som händer i familjen, på skolan, i politik och regering. Den relateras självfallet också till religionen och tilltron på vetenskapen.


De fem Kulturdimensioner av Hofstede

Den Kulturdimensionermodellen av Geert Hofstede är ett ramverk som beskriver fem sorters (dimensioner) av skillnader/i värdeperspektiven mellan nationella kulturer:

  • Maktdistans. Graden av ojämlikhet bland människor som befolkningen i ett land betraktar som normal.

  • Individualism kontra kollektivism. I den utsträckning som människor känner att de förväntas att ta omsorg för eller att man bry sig om dem, deras familjer eller organisationer som de tillhör.

  • Maskulinitet kontra femininitet. I den utsträckning som en kultur är den som bidrar till dominansen, bestämdheten och förvärvet av saker. Kontra den kultur som mer befrämjar personalen, känslor och av livskvalitet.

  • Osäkerhetsundvikande. I vilken grad som människor i ett land föredrar strukturerad över ostrukturerade situationer.

  • Långsiktig kontra kortsiktig orientering. Långsiktigt: värden som orienteras in mot framtiden, som tillexempel sparande och uthållighet. Kortsiktigt: värderingar som orienteras in mot det förflutna och nuläget, såsom respekt för tradition och att uppfylla sociala förpliktaganden.

För att förstå managementkulturen i ett land bör man ha både kunskap och inlevelse för hela den lokala miljön. Emellertid resultatet från den unika statistiska undersökningen, som Hofstede genomförde, bör göra alla medvetna om att människor i andra länder tänker, känner och agerar mycket olikt från dig själv, även om de konfronterats med grundläggande problem i samhället. Vem som helst som berörs av detta inom management eller Strategi, bör klokt instrueras om att ständigt minnas de lärdomar man får i Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions/Kulturella Dimensions teorin. Människor har en tendens att missta sig att tänka och känna samt att agera utifrån deras egna erfarenheter, speciellt när de fungerar internationellt.

 

Bok: Geert Hofstede - Cultures Consequences: International Differences in Work-Related Values -

Bok: Geert Hofstede - Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind -


Kulturdimensioner Forumet
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  Dimensions of Hofstede Applied on a Company
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  Seven Dimensions of Culture (Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner)
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  Hofstede Dimensions on Malta
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  Examples of Hofstede Five Dimensions
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  Critique of Hofstede
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  Hofstede vs. Hampden-Turner
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Best Practices - Kulturdimensioner Premium
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  I Need Another Model!!!
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  Are Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions still Valid?
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Expert Tips (ENG) - Cultural Dimensions Premium
 

Pitfalls and Best Practices in Managing Multicultural Teams

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2. Troubl...
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Negotiation in Middle Eastern and Western countries

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Implications of Cultural Differences on Accounting

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Critical Considerations when Applying Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions to Organizations and Individuals

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Hofstede's 6th Dimension: Indulgence versus Restraint

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Cultural Differences in Workplace and Office Design

It's interesting to see how cultural differences are also playing a role in the way offices are being arranged. In an article "How Culture Shapes the ...
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Status Brands: The influence of Power-distance Beliefs

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Koreans vs Germans

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