Cultural Dimensions [문화차원 모델]
(Hofstede)

지식 센터

   

국가문화간 5가지 차원의 차이와 가치관에 대한 조사. Geert Hofstede의 문화차원의 설명. ('80)

목차

  1. 요약
  2. 포럼
  3. 모범 사례
  4. Expert Tips
  5. 자료
  6. 인쇄

Cultural Dimensions [문화차원 모델] Geert Hofstede에 따르면, 전세계적으로 유효한 보편적인 경영방법 또는 경영이론은 없다고 한다. 심지어 전세계적으로 국가에 따라 경영(managment)이라는 단어의 어원과 의미는 다르다고 한다. 경영은 사회에서 일어나고 있는 다른 프로세스와 격리될 수 있는 현상이 아니다. 그것은 가족, 학교, 정치, 정부에서 일어나는 일들과 상호작용한다. 또한 종교, 과학에 대한 신념 등과도 관련이 있는 것은 명백하다.


Hofstede의 5가지 문화차원

Geert Hofstede의 문하차원모델은 국가문화간 5가지 차원의 차이와 가치관을 묘사하는 모델이다.

  • 권력 거리(Power distance). 한 나라의 사람들이 정상적이라고 여기는 사람들 사이의 불평등의 정도.

  • 개인주의 대 집산주의 (Individualism versus collectivism). 자신, 가족 또는 자신들이 속한 조직을 보호하거나 그들이 보호받아야 된다고 느끼는 정도.

  • 남성 대 여성 (Masculinity versus femininity). 문화가 사물의 획득, 주장, 지배에 이바지하는 정도 對 사람, 감정, 삶의 질에 더 이바지한다는 정도.

  • 불확실성 회피 (Uncertainty avoidance). 한 국가에 속한 사람들이 비구조화된 것보다 구조화된 상황을 선호하는 정도.

  • 장기지향 대 단기지향 (Long-term versus short-term orientation). 장기: 저축, 끈기같은 미래지향적 가치들. 단기: 전통에 대한 존중, 사회적 의무의 수행 등 과거와 현재지향적인 가치들.

한 국가에서 경영을 이해하기 위해서, 사람들은 모든 지방에 대한 지식과 공감대를 갖고 있어야한다. 그러나, Hofstede가 실행한 독특한 통계조사의 점수는, 사회의 기본적인 문제에 직면할 때라도, 모든 사람들이 다른 국가에 있는 사람들이 자신들과는 매우 다르게 생각하고, 느끼고 행동하는 것을 인식시켜주어야 한다. 경영 또는 전략을 다루는 사람들에게 Hofstede의 문화차원이론의 교훈을 항상 명심하도록 조언해야 한다. 인간은 특히 국제적으로 일할 때, 자신들의 경험을 바탕으로 생각하고 느끼고 행동하는 교활한 경향을 갖고 있다.

 

참고도서: Geert Hofstede - Cultures Consequences: International Differences in Work-Related Values -

참고도서: Geert Hofstede - Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind -


문화차원 모델 포럼
  From Universalism to Poly-Culturalism
There used to be 2 paradigms of organizational culture:
  • The first is UNIVERSALISM, a belief in colorblindness and uniformity in the treatment of all people, by suppressing any individual cultural characteristics.
  • As the world be...
     
 
  Country Scores for Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions + Compare Countries
A very good way to understand the Framework & put it into perspective & practice is provided at the following webpage. It provides for a thorough insight into cultu...
     
 
  Dimensions of Hofstede Applied on a Company
Is it possible to use the Model by Hofstede on a company?
What I am looking for is a model to give insight in how a company currently works, the company culture. I might add some other things to the 5 dimensions.
I want to compare this to a...
     
 
  The Influence of Culture on Employee Motivation and Performance
I am interested in how culture influences (employee) motivation and performance.
Colleagues, can you help me out to appreciate what cultural traits (religion, formal and informal socialisation practices, how people eek out their living, kinship ...
     
 
  In-depth Explanation Dimensions of Hofstede
Hofstede gave five dimensions to help explain the culture of the country they can also be applied to organization with little modifications. The five dimensions are:
1. Small vs Big Power Distance: you identify a culture which will be eit...
     
 
  Croatia Cultural Analysis
Has anyone done a cultural analysis on Croatia using Hofstede? Thanks...
     
 
  The Value of Cultural Differences: what Matters?
Cultural differences can be sources of value to the firm. But what differences matter? Management is about increasing shareholders' value, which can be very shortsighted as far as culture, not finance, is concerned. Managers must be aware not to take...
     
 
  Seven Dimensions of Culture (Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner)
Model of National Culture Differences.
Fons Trompenaars is a Dutch author and consultant in the field of cross-cultural communication. His books include: Riding the Waves of Culture, Seven Cultures of Capitalism, Building Cross-Cultural C...
     
 
  Cultural Dimensions in Management Styles
Hofstede's 5 dimensions to me determine whether a society is masculine or feminine. Our management style is determined by which type of society in which we function; feminine or masculine.
I may be wrong but it seems to me that most devel...
     
 
  Hofstede Dimensions on Malta
I would like to know whether there have been any exchanges of views or studies vis-a-vis Hofstede's 5 dimensions on Malta, being at the centre of the Mediterranean with undoubtedly many cultural influences through its long history. Thank you....
     
 
  Examples of Hofstede Five Dimensions
Can you please provide some examples of comparison between Toyota and General Motors or any two similar companies in relation to Hofstede's five dimensions of culture? Thanks...
     
 
  Supply Chain Partners' Cultural Differences
I am trying to find out how cultural differences between supply chain partners can influence the overall performance of the chain. Any ideas or recommended materials?...
     
 
  Critique of Hofstede
Does anyone know where to find good academic articles critisising Hofstedes cultural analysis? Any particular models and/or authors?...
     
 
  Hofstede vs. Hampden-Turner
Does anyone know the difference between Hofstede's cultural model and Trompenaars and Hampden-Turners Seven Cultural Dimensions....
     
 
  Importance of RESPECT in Various Cultures
I believe respect for authority, age, position, has blurred and decreased - over time, sometimes because people have proven themselves unworthy of respect. Some cultures retain greater respect for adults, males, people in position, older people, etc...
     
 
  Cross Culture Management Success Factors
What are essential ingredients of success as per "Hofstede"?...
     
 
  (Practical) Usages and Application of Hofstede's theory
What are the application areas of Hofstede's theory, how can the theory be applied?...
     
 

문화차원 모델 시그(SIG)


시그(SIG)

문화차원 모델 교육 및 이벤트


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모범 사례 - 문화차원 모델 프리미엄
  Doing Business in Asia | Understanding Chinese Culture
Asias rapid rise to economic prominence marks the beginning of a trend that will increase in the future. The Chinese economy, the second largest in the world, is currently attracting more direct investment than any other nation.
Asias growing ...
     
 
  I Need Another Model!!!
Hi. I am doing a contrast and comparison between Hofstede's model and another... I need to find another model to compare to... Please help me!...
     
 
  Are Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions still Valid?
Hofstede cultural dimensions are over 30 years old. Are they still valid.. that can be questioned....
     
 

Expert Tips (ENG) - Cultural Dimensions 프리미엄
 

Pitfalls and Best Practices in Managing Multicultural Teams

Brett, Behfar and Kern describe 4 common problem areas in managing multicultural teams:
1. Direct vs indirect communication
2. Troubl...
Usage (application) : Multicultural Teams
 
 
 

Negotiation in Middle Eastern and Western countries

Geert Hofstedes research on cultural dimensions provides insights into other cultures so that we can be more effective when interacting with people i...
Usage (application) : Cultural Dimensions, A Practical Example
 
 
 

Implications of Cultural Differences on Accounting

Internationally recognized accounting standards, e.g. US-GAAP and IAS/IFRS, have not been adopted worldwide due primarily to cultural and societal dif...
Usage (application) : Understanding differences
 
 
 

Critical Considerations when Applying Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions to Organizations and Individuals

Hofstedes Cultural Dimensions are often used to compare nations and cultures, but his dimensions are also used for organizations and individuals. How...
Usage (application) : Organizational Culture, Hofstede at Organization Level, Hofstede at Individual Level
 
 
 

Hofstede's 6th Dimension: Indulgence versus Restraint

There actually is already a 6th dimension identified by research and included in the most recent edition of "Culture and Organizations; Software of th...
Usage (application) : Analysing Cultural Differences
 
 
 

Cultural Differences in Workplace and Office Design

It's interesting to see how cultural differences are also playing a role in the way offices are being arranged. In an article "How Culture Shapes the ...
Usage (application) : Understanding International Differences
 
 
 

Status Brands: The influence of Power-distance Beliefs

Status brands are brands that can inherently raise the social prestige of its owners within a certain community or society.
Status brands are dif...
Usage (application) : Branding, Brand Management, Power Distance, Brand Recognition
 
 
 

Koreans vs Germans

In a recent interview on Business Spotlight 3/08, Mrs. Mee-Rae Kim, a leading expert in German-Korean intercultural business communication projects...
Usage (application) : Differences in Business Communication
 
 

자료 - 문화차원 모델 프리미엄
 

뉴스

문화차원 모델 Hofstede
     
 

뉴스

문화차원 모델
     
 

영화

문화차원 모델 Hofstede
     
 

영화

문화차원 모델
     
 

프리젠 테이션

문화차원 모델 Hofstede
     
 

프리젠 테이션

문화차원 모델
     
 

문화차원 모델 Hofstede
     
 

문화차원 모델
     

관련 개념: Cultural Intelligence [문화 지능]  |  Bottom of the Pyramid [BOP 시장]  |  Maslow Hierarchy of Needs [욕구계층이론]  |  Coaching [코칭]  |  리더십 파이프라인  |  Mentoring [멘토링]  |  Herzberg Two Factor Theory [2 요인 이론]  |  ERG 이론   |  Spiral Dynamics [나선형 역동성이론]  |  Ashridge 미션 모델  |  X이론 Y이론


다른 페이지로 이동: Change & Organization [변화와 조직]  |  의사소통과 기법들  |  의사결정과 가치평가  |  윤리와 책임  |  인적 자원  |   리더십  |  마케팅  |  프로그램과 프로젝트 관리  |  전략


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