Dimensioni Culturali
(Hofstede)

Centro di Conoscenza

   

Studiare cinque specie (dimensioni) di differenze fra culture nazionali. Spiegazione di Dimensioni Culturali di Geert Hofstede. ('80)

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Dimensioni Culturali Secondo Geert Hofstede, non c'è nessun metodo di gestione o teoria di gestione, universale, valida per tutto il mondo. Anche la parola “gestione„ ha origini e significati differenti nei paesi del mondo intero. La gestione non è un fenomeno che possa essere isolato da altri processi che avvengono nella società. Interagisce con quello che accade nella famiglia, nella scuola, nella politica e nel governo. Ovviamente è anche correlata alla religione ed alle credenze scientifiche.


Le cinque Dimensioni Culturali di Hofstede

Il modello delle dimensioni culturali di Geert Hofstede è una struttura che descrive cinque specie (dimensioni) di differenze fra le culture nazionali:

  • Distanza di potere. Il grado di diseguaglianza fra la gente che la popolazione di un paese considera come normale.

  • Individualismo contro collettivismo. Il limite cui la gente pensa di dover preoccuparsi per se stessi, o per le loro famiglie o per le organizzazioni a cui appartengono.

  • Masculinità contro femminilità. Il grado di una cultura di essere favorevole al dominio, alla dogmaticità ed all'aquisizione delle cose. Contro una cultura che è più favorevole alla gente, alle sensazioni ed alla qualità di vita.

  • Annullamento dell'incertezza. Il grado in cui la gente di un paese preferisce le situazioni strutturate rispetto a quelle non strutturate.

  • Lungo termine contro orientamento di breve termine. Lungo termine: valori orientati verso il futuro, come il risparmio e la persistenza. Breve termine: valori orientati verso il passato e presente, come rispetto per la tradizione ed il compimento degli obblighi sociali.

Per capire la gestione in un paese, uno dovrebbe avere sia la conoscenza che l'empatia dell'intera scena locale. Tuttavia, i punteggi dell'unica indagine statistica che Hofstede ha effettuato dovrebbero informare chiunqe sul fatto che la gente in altri paesi può pensare, ritenere e agire molto diversamente da noi, persino quando ci confrontiamo con banali problemi sociali. Chiunque abbia a che fare con la Gestione o la Strategia dovrebbe ricordarsi costantemente delle lezioni di Hofstede della teoria di Dimensioni Culturali. Gli esseri umani hanno una tendenza ingannevole nel pensare, ritenere ed agire secondo le loro proprie esperienze, specialmente quando lavorano in contesti internazionali.

 

Referenza Bibliografica: Geert Hofstede - Cultures Consequences: International Differences in Work-Related Values -

Referenza Bibliografica: Geert Hofstede - Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind -


Dimensioni Culturali Forum
  From Universalism to Poly-Culturalism
There used to be 2 paradigms of organizational culture:
  • The first is UNIVERSALISM, a belief in colorblindness and uniformity in the treatment of all people, by suppressing any individual cultural characteristics.
  • As the world be...
     
 
  Country Scores for Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions + Compare Countries
A very good way to understand the Framework & put it into perspective & practice is provided at the following webpage. It provides for a thorough insight into cultu...
     
 
  Dimensions of Hofstede Applied on a Company
Is it possible to use the Model by Hofstede on a company?
What I am looking for is a model to give insight in how a company currently works, the company culture. I might add some other things to the 5 dimensions.
I want to compare this to a...
     
 
  The Influence of Culture on Employee Motivation and Performance
I am interested in how culture influences (employee) motivation and performance.
Colleagues, can you help me out to appreciate what cultural traits (religion, formal and informal socialisation practices, how people eek out their living, kinship ...
     
 
  In-depth Explanation Dimensions of Hofstede
Hofstede gave five dimensions to help explain the culture of the country they can also be applied to organization with little modifications. The five dimensions are:
1. Small vs Big Power Distance: you identify a culture which will be eit...
     
 
  Croatia Cultural Analysis
Has anyone done a cultural analysis on Croatia using Hofstede? Thanks...
     
 
  The Value of Cultural Differences: what Matters?
Cultural differences can be sources of value to the firm. But what differences matter? Management is about increasing shareholders' value, which can be very shortsighted as far as culture, not finance, is concerned. Managers must be aware not to take...
     
 
  Seven Dimensions of Culture (Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner)
Model of National Culture Differences.
Fons Trompenaars is a Dutch author and consultant in the field of cross-cultural communication. His books include: Riding the Waves of Culture, Seven Cultures of Capitalism, Building Cross-Cultural C...
     
 
  Cultural Dimensions in Management Styles
Hofstede's 5 dimensions to me determine whether a society is masculine or feminine. Our management style is determined by which type of society in which we function; feminine or masculine.
I may be wrong but it seems to me that most devel...
     
 
  Hofstede Dimensions on Malta
I would like to know whether there have been any exchanges of views or studies vis-a-vis Hofstede's 5 dimensions on Malta, being at the centre of the Mediterranean with undoubtedly many cultural influences through its long history. Thank you....
     
 
  Examples of Hofstede Five Dimensions
Can you please provide some examples of comparison between Toyota and General Motors or any two similar companies in relation to Hofstede's five dimensions of culture? Thanks...
     
 
  Supply Chain Partners' Cultural Differences
I am trying to find out how cultural differences between supply chain partners can influence the overall performance of the chain. Any ideas or recommended materials?...
     
 
  Critique of Hofstede
Does anyone know where to find good academic articles critisising Hofstedes cultural analysis? Any particular models and/or authors?...
     
 
  Hofstede vs. Hampden-Turner
Does anyone know the difference between Hofstede's cultural model and Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner’s Seven Cultural Dimensions....
     
 
  Importance of RESPECT in Various Cultures
I believe respect for authority, age, position, has blurred and decreased - over time, sometimes because people have proven themselves unworthy of respect. Some cultures retain greater respect for adults, males, people in position, older people, etc...
     
 
  Cross Culture Management Success Factors
What are essential ingredients of success as per "Hofstede"?...
     
 
  (Practical) Usages and Application of Hofstede's theory
What are the application areas of Hofstede's theory, how can the theory be applied?...
     
 

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Migliori Pratiche - Dimensioni Culturali Premium
  Doing Business in Asia | Understanding Chinese Culture
Asia’s rapid rise to economic prominence marks the beginning of a trend that will increase in the future. The Chinese economy, the second largest in the world, is currently attracting more direct investment than any other nation.
Asia’s growing ...
     
 
  I Need Another Model!!!
Hi. I am doing a contrast and comparison between Hofstede's model and another... I need to find another model to compare to... Please help me!...
     
 
  Are Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions still Valid?
Hofstede cultural dimensions are over 30 years old. Are they still valid.. that can be questioned....
     
 

Expert Tips (ENG) - Cultural Dimensions Premium
 

Pitfalls and Best Practices in Managing Multicultural Teams

Brett, Behfar and Kern describe 4 common problem areas in managing multicultural teams:
1. Direct vs indirect communication
2. Troubl...
Usage (application): Multicultural Teams
 
 
 

Negotiation in Middle Eastern and Western countries

Geert Hofstede’s research on cultural dimensions provides insights into other cultures so that we can be more effective when interacting with people i...
Usage (application): Cultural Dimensions, A Practical Example
 
 
 

Implications of Cultural Differences on Accounting

Internationally recognized accounting standards, e.g. US-GAAP and IAS/IFRS, have not been adopted worldwide due primarily to cultural and societal dif...
Usage (application): Understanding differences
 
 
 

Critical Considerations when Applying Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions to Organizations and Individuals

Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions are often used to compare nations and cultures, but his dimensions are also used for organizations and individuals. How...
Usage (application): Organizational Culture, Hofstede at Organization Level, Hofstede at Individual Level
 
 
 

Hofstede's 6th Dimension: Indulgence versus Restraint

There actually is already a 6th dimension identified by research and included in the most recent edition of "Culture and Organizations; Software of th...
Usage (application): Analysing Cultural Differences
 
 
 

Cultural Differences in Workplace and Office Design

It's interesting to see how cultural differences are also playing a role in the way offices are being arranged. In an article "How Culture Shapes the ...
Usage (application): Understanding International Differences
 
 
 

Status Brands: The influence of Power-distance Beliefs

Status brands are brands that can inherently raise the social prestige of its owners within a certain community or society.
Status brands are dif...
Usage (application): Branding, Brand Management, Power Distance, Brand Recognition
 
 
 

Koreans vs Germans

In a recent interview on Business Spotlight 3/08, Mrs. Mee-Rae Kim, a leading expert in German-Korean intercultural business communication projects...
Usage (application): Differences in Business Communication
 
 

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