Dimensiones Culturales
(Hofstede)

Centro de Conocimiento

   

Investigando cinco clases (dimensiones) de diferencias/perspectivas de valor entre culturas nacionales. Descripción de las Cinco Dimensiones Culturales (Five Cultural Dimensions) de Geert Hofstede. ('80)

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Dimensiones Culturales Según Geert Hofstede, no existe una cosa tal como el método universial de administración o una teoría de gestión universal, válida en todo el mundo entero. Incluso la palabra “Gestión” tiene diversos orígenes y significados en los distintos países del mundo. La Gestión no es un fenómeno que se pueda aislar de otros procesos que ocurren en la sociedad. Ésta interactúa con lo que sucede en la familia, en la escuela, en la política, y en el gobierno. Obviamente, también se relaciona con la religión y con las creencias sobre la ciencia.


Los cinco dimensiones culturales de Hofstede

El modelo cultural de las dimensiones de Geert Hofstede es un marco que describe cinco clases (dimensiones) de diferencias/de perspectivas de valor, entre las culturas nacionales:

  • Distancia del poder. El grado de desigualdad entre la gente, que la población de un país, considera como normal.

  • Individualismo versus colectivismo. El grado a partir del cual la gente siente que debe cuidar o ser cuidado por ellos mismos, por sus familias o por las organizaciones a las que pertenece.

  • Masculinidad versus feminidad. El grado a el cual una cultura es conducente a la dominación, a la asertividad y a la adquisición de cosas. Contra una cultura que es más inclinada a la gente, a las sensaciones y a la calidad de la vida.

  • Evasión de la incertidumbre. El grado en el cual la gente de un país prefiere situaciones estructuradas sobre situaciones no estructuradas.

  • Orientación de Largo plazo versus orientación de corto plazo. Largo plazo: valores orientados hacia el futuro, como el ahorro y la persistencia. A corto plazo: valores orientados hacia el pasado y el presente, como el respeto por la tradición y la satisfacción de obligaciones sociales.

Para entender la gestión en un país, uno debe tener conocimiento y empatía con la escena local completa. Sin embargo, los resultados del único examen estadístico que Hofstede realizó, debería alertar a pensar que la gente en otros países puede pensar, sentir, y actuar de forma muy diferente que ellos mismos; incluso cuando se enfrentan a problemas básicos de la sociedad. Se aconseja que cualquier persona que trate temas de gestión o de Estrategía debe recordar constantemente las lecciones de la teoría de las Dimensiones Culturales de Hofstede. Los seres humanos tienden tomar la falsa posición de pensar, sentir y actuar sobre la base de sus propias experiencias, especialmente cuando trabajan internacionalmente.

 

Libro: Geert Hofstede - Cultures Consequences: International Differences in Work-Related Values -

Libro: Geert Hofstede - Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind -


Foro de Dimensiones Culturales
  Los cinco Dimensiones culturales de Hofstede
Distancia del poder. El grado de desigualdad que la población de un país considera como normal. EN ARGENTINA HOY ESA DESIGUALDAD ESTÁ ACEPTADA CON RESIGNACIÓN Individualismo versus colectivismo. SOMOD COLECTIVISTAS, EN UNA TENDENCIA CRECIENTE, H...
     
 
  From Universalism to Poly-Culturalism
There used to be 2 paradigms of organizational culture:
  • The first is UNIVERSALISM, a belief in colorblindness and uniformity in the treatment of all people, by suppressing any individual cultural characteristics.
  • As the world be...
     
 
  Country Scores for Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions + Compare Countries
A very good way to understand the Framework & put it into perspective & practice is provided at the following webpage. It provides for a thorough insight into cultu...
     
 
  Dimensions of Hofstede Applied on a Company
Is it possible to use the Model by Hofstede on a company?
What I am looking for is a model to give insight in how a company currently works, the company culture. I might add some other things to the 5 dimensions.
I want to compare this to a...
     
 
  The Influence of Culture on Employee Motivation and Performance
I am interested in how culture influences (employee) motivation and performance.
Colleagues, can you help me out to appreciate what cultural traits (religion, formal and informal socialisation practices, how people eek out their living, kinship ...
     
 
  In-depth Explanation Dimensions of Hofstede
Hofstede gave five dimensions to help explain the culture of the country they can also be applied to organization with little modifications. The five dimensions are:
1. Small vs Big Power Distance: you identify a culture which will be eit...
     
 
  Croatia Cultural Analysis
Has anyone done a cultural analysis on Croatia using Hofstede? Thanks...
     
 
  The Value of Cultural Differences: what Matters?
Cultural differences can be sources of value to the firm. But what differences matter? Management is about increasing shareholders' value, which can be very shortsighted as far as culture, not finance, is concerned. Managers must be aware not to take...
     
 
  Seven Dimensions of Culture (Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner)
Model of National Culture Differences.
Fons Trompenaars is a Dutch author and consultant in the field of cross-cultural communication. His books include: Riding the Waves of Culture, Seven Cultures of Capitalism, Building Cross-Cultural C...
     
 
  Cultural Dimensions in Management Styles
Hofstede's 5 dimensions to me determine whether a society is masculine or feminine. Our management style is determined by which type of society in which we function; feminine or masculine.
I may be wrong but it seems to me that most devel...
     
 
  Hofstede Dimensions on Malta
I would like to know whether there have been any exchanges of views or studies vis-a-vis Hofstede's 5 dimensions on Malta, being at the centre of the Mediterranean with undoubtedly many cultural influences through its long history. Thank you....
     
 
  Examples of Hofstede Five Dimensions
Can you please provide some examples of comparison between Toyota and General Motors or any two similar companies in relation to Hofstede's five dimensions of culture? Thanks...
     
 
  Supply Chain Partners' Cultural Differences
I am trying to find out how cultural differences between supply chain partners can influence the overall performance of the chain. Any ideas or recommended materials?...
     
 
  Critique of Hofstede
Does anyone know where to find good academic articles critisising Hofstedes cultural analysis? Any particular models and/or authors?...
     
 
  Hofstede vs. Hampden-Turner
Does anyone know the difference between Hofstede's cultural model and Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner’s Seven Cultural Dimensions....
     
 
  Importance of RESPECT in Various Cultures
I believe respect for authority, age, position, has blurred and decreased - over time, sometimes because people have proven themselves unworthy of respect. Some cultures retain greater respect for adults, males, people in position, older people, etc...
     
 
  Cross Culture Management Success Factors
What are essential ingredients of success as per "Hofstede"?...
     
 
  (Practical) Usages and Application of Hofstede's theory
What are the application areas of Hofstede's theory, how can the theory be applied?...
     
 

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Mejores Prácticas - Dimensiones Culturales Premium
  Doing Business in Asia | Understanding Chinese Culture
Asia’s rapid rise to economic prominence marks the beginning of a trend that will increase in the future. The Chinese economy, the second largest in the world, is currently attracting more direct investment than any other nation.
Asia’s growing ...
     
 
  I Need Another Model!!!
Hi. I am doing a contrast and comparison between Hofstede's model and another... I need to find another model to compare to... Please help me!...
     
 
  Are Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions still Valid?
Hofstede cultural dimensions are over 30 years old. Are they still valid.. that can be questioned....
     
 

Expert Tips (ENG) - Cultural Dimensions Premium
 

Pitfalls and Best Practices in Managing Multicultural Teams

Brett, Behfar and Kern describe 4 common problem areas in managing multicultural teams:
1. Direct vs indirect communication
2. Troubl...
Usage (application): Multicultural Teams
 
 
 

Negotiation in Middle Eastern and Western countries

Geert Hofstede’s research on cultural dimensions provides insights into other cultures so that we can be more effective when interacting with people i...
Usage (application): Cultural Dimensions, A Practical Example
 
 
 

Implications of Cultural Differences on Accounting

Internationally recognized accounting standards, e.g. US-GAAP and IAS/IFRS, have not been adopted worldwide due primarily to cultural and societal dif...
Usage (application): Understanding differences
 
 
 

Critical Considerations when Applying Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions to Organizations and Individuals

Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions are often used to compare nations and cultures, but his dimensions are also used for organizations and individuals. How...
Usage (application): Organizational Culture, Hofstede at Organization Level, Hofstede at Individual Level
 
 
 

Hofstede's 6th Dimension: Indulgence versus Restraint

There actually is already a 6th dimension identified by research and included in the most recent edition of "Culture and Organizations; Software of th...
Usage (application): Analysing Cultural Differences
 
 
 

Cultural Differences in Workplace and Office Design

It's interesting to see how cultural differences are also playing a role in the way offices are being arranged. In an article "How Culture Shapes the ...
Usage (application): Understanding International Differences
 
 
 

Status Brands: The influence of Power-distance Beliefs

Status brands are brands that can inherently raise the social prestige of its owners within a certain community or society.
Status brands are dif...
Usage (application): Branding, Brand Management, Power Distance, Brand Recognition
 
 
 

Koreans vs Germans

In a recent interview on Business Spotlight 3/08, Mrs. Mee-Rae Kim, a leading expert in German-Korean intercultural business communication projects...
Usage (application): Differences in Business Communication
 
 

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