Kulturdimensionen
(Hofstede)

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Untersuchen von fünf Arten (Dimensionen) von Unterschieden / Wertperspektiven zwischen nationalen Kulturen. Erklärung der Kulturdimensionen von Geert Hofstede. ('80)

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Kulturdimensionen Entsprechend Geert Hofstede gibt es keine solche Sache wie eine Universalmanagementmethode oder eine Theorie der Unternehmensführung, die weltweit gültig ist. Sogar das Wort „Management“ hat unterschiedliche Ursprünge und Bedeutungen in den Ländern weltweit. Management ist kein Phänomen, das von anderen Prozessen isoliert werden kann, die in der Gesellschaft stattfinden. Es interagiert mit dem, was in der Familie, in der Schule, in der Politik und in der Regierung geschieht. Es hängt offensichtlich auch mit Religion und Glauben über Wissenschaft zusammen.


Die fünf Kulturdimensionen von Hofstede

Das kulturelle Dimensionsmodell von Geert Hofstede ist ein Rahmenwerk, das fünf Arten (Dimensionen) von Unterschieden/ Wertperspektiven zwischen nationalen Kulturen beschreibt:

  • Machtabstand. Der Grad von Verschiedenheit unter Leuten, den die Bevölkerung eines Landes als normal empfindet.

  • Individualismus versus Kollektivismus. Der Umfang, in dem Leute empfinden, dass sie sich drum kümmern sollten oder von sich selbst, ihren Familien oder Organisationen, den sie angehören, gekümmert werden.

  • Männlichkeit versus Weiblichkeit. Der Umfang, in dem eine Kultur zur Herrschaft, zur Selbstsicherheit und zur Akquisition von Sachen förderlich ist. Versus einer Kultur, die zu den Leuten, zu den Gefühlen und zur Lebensqualität förderlicher ist.

  • Vermeidung von Ungewissheit. Der Grad, in dem Leute in einem Land strukturierte gegenüber unstrukturierten Situationen bevorzugen.

  • Langfristige versus kurzfristige Orientierung. Langfristig: Werte orientiert in Richtung Zukunft, wie Sparen und Ausdauer. Kurzfristig: Werte orientiert in Richtung Vergangenheit und Gegenwart, wie Respekt für Tradition und das Erfüllen von Sozialverpflichtungen.

Um Management in einem Land zu verstehen, sollte man Wissen und Einfühlungsvermögen über die gesamte lokale Szene haben. Jedoch sollten die Auswertungen der einzigartigen statistischen Umfrage, die Hofstede durchführte, jedem bewußt machen, dass Leute in anderen Ländern sehr unterschiedlich denken, glauben und sich von einem selbst verhalten können, selbst wenn mit grundlegenden Problemen der Gesellschaft konfrontiert. Jede Person, die mit Management oder Strategie umgeht, ist gut beraten, sich an die Lektionen der Kulturdimensionen-Theorie von Hofstede ständig zu erinnern. Menschen haben eine trügerische Tendenz von ihren eigenen Erfahrungen zu denken, zu glauben und zu agieren, besonders wenn sie international arbeiten.

 

Buch: Geert Hofstede - Cultures Consequences: International Differences in Work-Related Values -

Buch: Geert Hofstede - Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind -


Kulturdimensionen-Forum
  Anwendungsbeispiel Kulturdimensionen von Hofstede
Sehr geehrte Damen und Herren, Ihre Definitionen finde ich sehr gut. Wer könnte hierzu auch ein Anwendungsbeispiel zwischen 2 Länder aufzeigen? Vielen herzlichen Dank im Voraus.
...
     
 
  From Universalism to Poly-Culturalism
There used to be 2 paradigms of organizational culture:
  • The first is UNIVERSALISM, a belief in colorblindness and uniformity in the treatment of all people, by suppressing any individual cultural characteristics.
  • As the world be...
     
 
  Country Scores for Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions + Compare Countries
A very good way to understand the Framework & put it into perspective & practice is provided at the following webpage. It provides for a thorough insight into cultu...
     
 
  Dimensions of Hofstede Applied on a Company
Is it possible to use the Model by Hofstede on a company?
What I am looking for is a model to give insight in how a company currently works, the company culture. I might add some other things to the 5 dimensions.
I want to compare this to a...
     
 
  The Influence of Culture on Employee Motivation and Performance
I am interested in how culture influences (employee) motivation and performance.
Colleagues, can you help me out to appreciate what cultural traits (religion, formal and informal socialisation practices, how people eek out their living, kinship ...
     
 
  In-depth Explanation Dimensions of Hofstede
Hofstede gave five dimensions to help explain the culture of the country they can also be applied to organization with little modifications. The five dimensions are:
1. Small vs Big Power Distance: you identify a culture which will be eit...
     
 
  Croatia Cultural Analysis
Has anyone done a cultural analysis on Croatia using Hofstede? Thanks...
     
 
  The Value of Cultural Differences: what Matters?
Cultural differences can be sources of value to the firm. But what differences matter? Management is about increasing shareholders' value, which can be very shortsighted as far as culture, not finance, is concerned. Managers must be aware not to take...
     
 
  Seven Dimensions of Culture (Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner)
Model of National Culture Differences.
Fons Trompenaars is a Dutch author and consultant in the field of cross-cultural communication. His books include: Riding the Waves of Culture, Seven Cultures of Capitalism, Building Cross-Cultural C...
     
 
  Cultural Dimensions in Management Styles
Hofstede's 5 dimensions to me determine whether a society is masculine or feminine. Our management style is determined by which type of society in which we function; feminine or masculine.
I may be wrong but it seems to me that most devel...
     
 
  Hofstede Dimensions on Malta
I would like to know whether there have been any exchanges of views or studies vis-a-vis Hofstede's 5 dimensions on Malta, being at the centre of the Mediterranean with undoubtedly many cultural influences through its long history. Thank you....
     
 
  Examples of Hofstede Five Dimensions
Can you please provide some examples of comparison between Toyota and General Motors or any two similar companies in relation to Hofstede's five dimensions of culture? Thanks...
     
 
  Supply Chain Partners' Cultural Differences
I am trying to find out how cultural differences between supply chain partners can influence the overall performance of the chain. Any ideas or recommended materials?...
     
 
  Critique of Hofstede
Does anyone know where to find good academic articles critisising Hofstedes cultural analysis? Any particular models and/or authors?...
     
 
  Hofstede vs. Hampden-Turner
Does anyone know the difference between Hofstede's cultural model and Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner’s Seven Cultural Dimensions....
     
 
  Importance of RESPECT in Various Cultures
I believe respect for authority, age, position, has blurred and decreased - over time, sometimes because people have proven themselves unworthy of respect. Some cultures retain greater respect for adults, males, people in position, older people, etc...
     
 
  Cross Culture Management Success Factors
What are essential ingredients of success as per "Hofstede"?...
     
 
  (Practical) Usages and Application of Hofstede's theory
What are the application areas of Hofstede's theory, how can the theory be applied?...
     
 

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Best Practices - Kulturdimensionen Premium
  Doing Business in Asia | Understanding Chinese Culture
Asia’s rapid rise to economic prominence marks the beginning of a trend that will increase in the future. The Chinese economy, the second largest in the world, is currently attracting more direct investment than any other nation.
Asia’s growing ...
     
 
  I Need Another Model!!!
Hi. I am doing a contrast and comparison between Hofstede's model and another... I need to find another model to compare to... Please help me!...
     
 
  Are Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions still Valid?
Hofstede cultural dimensions are over 30 years old. Are they still valid.. that can be questioned....
     
 

Expert Tips (ENG) - Cultural Dimensions Premium
 

Pitfalls and Best Practices in Managing Multicultural Teams

Brett, Behfar and Kern describe 4 common problem areas in managing multicultural teams:
1. Direct vs indirect communication
2. Troubl...
Usage (application): Multicultural Teams
 
 
 

Negotiation in Middle Eastern and Western countries

Geert Hofstede’s research on cultural dimensions provides insights into other cultures so that we can be more effective when interacting with people i...
Usage (application): Cultural Dimensions, A Practical Example
 
 
 

Implications of Cultural Differences on Accounting

Internationally recognized accounting standards, e.g. US-GAAP and IAS/IFRS, have not been adopted worldwide due primarily to cultural and societal dif...
Usage (application): Understanding differences
 
 
 

Critical Considerations when Applying Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions to Organizations and Individuals

Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions are often used to compare nations and cultures, but his dimensions are also used for organizations and individuals. How...
Usage (application): Organizational Culture, Hofstede at Organization Level, Hofstede at Individual Level
 
 
 

Hofstede's 6th Dimension: Indulgence versus Restraint

There actually is already a 6th dimension identified by research and included in the most recent edition of "Culture and Organizations; Software of th...
Usage (application): Analysing Cultural Differences
 
 
 

Cultural Differences in Workplace and Office Design

It's interesting to see how cultural differences are also playing a role in the way offices are being arranged. In an article "How Culture Shapes the ...
Usage (application): Understanding International Differences
 
 
 

Status Brands: The influence of Power-distance Beliefs

Status brands are brands that can inherently raise the social prestige of its owners within a certain community or society.
Status brands are dif...
Usage (application): Branding, Brand Management, Power Distance, Brand Recognition
 
 
 

Koreans vs Germans

In a recent interview on Business Spotlight 3/08, Mrs. Mee-Rae Kim, a leading expert in German-Korean intercultural business communication projects...
Usage (application): Differences in Business Communication
 
 

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