Cultural Dimensions
(Hofstede)

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Investigating five sorts (dimensions) of differences / value perspectives between national cultures. Explanation of Cultural Dimensions of Geert Hofstede. ('80)

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Cultural Dimensions?

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Cultural DimensionsAccording to Geert Hofstede, there is no such thing as a universal management method or management theory, valid across the whole world. Even the word 'management' has different origins and meanings in countries throughout the world. Management is not a phenomenon that can be isolated from other processes taking place in society. It interacts with what happens in the family, at school, in politics, and government. It is obviously also related to religion and to beliefs about science.


The five Cultural Dimensions of Hofstede

The cultural dimensions model of Geert Hofstede is a framework that describes five sorts (dimensions) of differences / value perspectives between national cultures:

  • Power distance. The degree of inequality among people which the population of a country considers as normal.

  • Individualism versus collectivism. The extent to which people feel they are supposed to take care for, or to be cared for by themselves, their families or organizations they belong to.

  • Masculinity versus femininity. The extent to which a culture is conducive to dominance, assertiveness and acquisition of things. Versus a culture which is more conducive to people, feelings and the quality of life.

  • Uncertainty avoidance. The degree to which people in a country prefer structured over unstructured situations.

  • Long-term versus short-term orientation. Long-term: values oriented towards the future, like saving and persistence. Short-term: values oriented towards the past and present, like respect for tradition and fulfilling social obligations.

To understand management in a country, one should have both knowledge and empathy with the entire local scene. However, the scores of the unique statistical survey that Hofstede carried out should make everybody aware that people in other countries may think, feel, and act very differently from yourself, even when confronted with basic problems of society. Any person dealing with Management or Strategy is well advised to constantly remember the lessons from Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions Theory. Human beings have a deceiving tendency to think and feel and act from their own experiences, especially when they work internationally.

 

Book: Geert Hofstede - Cultures Consequences : International Differences in Work-Related Values -

Book: Geert Hofstede - Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind -




Cultural Dimensions Forum (21 topics) Help
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  From Universalism to Poly-Culturalism
There used to be 2 paradigms of organizational culture:
  • The first is UNIVERSALISM, a belief in colorblindness and uniformity in the treatment of all people, by suppressing any individual cultural characteristics.
  • As the world be...
     
 

Doing Business in Asia | Understanding Chinese Culture

Asia’s rapid rise to economic prominence marks the beginning of a trend that will increase in the future. The Chinese economy, the second largest in the world, is currently attracting more direct investment than any other nation.
Asia’s growing ...
     
 

Country Scores for Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions + Compare Countries

A very good way to understand the Framework & put it into perspective & practice is provided at the following webpage. It provides for a thorough insight into cultu...
     
 

Dimensions of Hofstede Applied on a Company

Is it possible to use the Model by Hofstede on a company?
What I am looking for is a model to give insight in how a company currently works, the company culture. I might add some other things to the 5 dimensions.
I want to compare this to a...
     
 

The Influence of Culture on Employee Motivation and Performance

I am interested in how culture influences (employee) motivation and performance.
Colleagues, can you help me out to appreciate what cultural traits (religion, formal and informal socialisation practices, how people eek out their living, kinship ...
     
 

In-depth Explanation Dimensions of Hofstede

Hofstede gave five dimensions to help explain the culture of the country they can also be applied to organization with little modifications. The five dimensions are:
1. Small vs Big Power Distance: you identify a culture which will be eit...
     
 

Croatia Cultural Analysis

Has anyone done a cultural analysis on Croatia using Hofstede? Thanks...
     
 

The Value of Cultural Differences: what Matters?

Cultural differences can be sources of value to the firm. But what differences matter? Management is about increasing shareholders' value, which can be very shortsighted as far as culture, not finance, is concerned. Managers must be aware not to take...
     
 

Cultural Dimensions in Management Styles

Hofstede's 5 dimensions to me determine whether a society is masculine or feminine. Our management style is determined by which type of society in which we function; feminine or masculine.
I may be wrong but it seems to me that most devel...
     
 

Hofstede Dimensions on Malta

I would like to know whether there have been any exchanges of views or studies vis-a-vis Hofstede's 5 dimensions on Malta, being at the centre of the Mediterranean with undoubtedly many cultural influences through its long history. Thank you....
     
 

Examples of Hofstede Five Dimensions

Can you please provide some examples of comparison between Toyota and General Motors or any two similar companies in relation to Hofstede's five dimensions of culture? Thanks...
     
 

Supply Chain Partners' Cultural Differences

I am trying to find out how cultural differences between supply chain partners can influence the overall performance of the chain. Any ideas or recommended materials?...
     
 

Critique of Hofstede

Does anyone know where to find good academic articles critisising Hofstedes cultural analysis? Any particular models and/or authors?...
     
 

Hofstede vs. Hampden-Turner

Does anyone know the difference between Hofstede's cultural model and Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner’s Seven Cultural Dimensions....
     
 

Importance of RESPECT in Various Cultures

I believe respect for authority, age, position, has blurred and decreased - over time, sometimes because people have proven themselves unworthy of respect. Some cultures retain greater respect for adults, males, people in position, older people, etc...
     
 

I Need Another Model!!!

Hi. I am doing a contrast and comparison between Hofstede's model and another... I need to find another model to compare to... Please help me!...
     
 

Cross Culture Management Success Factors

What are essential ingredients of success as per "Hofstede"?...
     
 

(Practical) Usages and Application of Hofstede's theory

What are the application areas of Hofstede's theory, how can the theory be applied?...
     
 

Are Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions still Valid?

Hofstede cultural dimensions are over 30 years old. Are they still valid.. that can be questioned....
     
 

Cross Cultural Communication

For my research in intercultural communication inside organizations, I am looking for cultural differences between western (better Italian) and eastern Europe, in particularly in Poland, Serbia and Croatia. Who can help me to find out any important ...
     
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