Motivatie-HygiŽne Theorie
(Hertzberg)

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Motivatie Factoren, HygiŽne Factoren. Verklaring van de Motivatie-HygiŽne Theorie en KITA van Frederick Hertzberg.

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Two Factor Theory DiagramVolgens de Twee Factor Theorie van Frederick Hertzberg worden de mensen beÔnvloed door twee factoren. De tevredenheid en de psychologische groei zijn een resultaatfactor van motivatie factoren. Ontevredenheid was een resultaat van hygiŽne factoren. Hertzberg ontwikkelde deze motivatietheorie tijdens zijn onderzoek van 200 accountants en ingenieurs in de V.S.


De twee Factoren in de Theorie

  • HygiŽne Factoren zijn nodig om ervoor te zorgen†dat een werknemer niet ontevreden wordt. Zij veroorzaken geen hogere niveaus van motivatie, maar zonder hen is er ontevredenheid.
  • Motivatie Factoren zijn nodig om een werknemer tot een hogere prestatie te motiveren. Deze factoren resulteren uit interne generators in de werknemers.

Typische HygiŽne factoren

  • Werkcondities

  • Kwaliteit van supervisie

  • Salaris

  • Status

  • Veiligheid

  • Bedrijf

  • Baan

  • Bedrijfsbeleid en -bestuur

  • Interpersoonlijke relaties

Typische Motivatie factoren

  • Dingen bereiken

  • Erkenning voor het bereiken van dingen

  • Verantwoordelijkheid voor een taak

  • Interessante baan

  • Bevordering naar taken met een hoger niveau

  • Groei

Het combineren van de hygiŽne en de motivatie factorenresultaten in scenario vier

  • Hoge HygiŽne + Hoge Motivatie: De ideale situatie waar de werknemers erg gemotiveerd zijn en weinig klachten hebben.

  • Hoge HygiŽne + Lage Motivatie: De werknemers hebben weinig klachten maar zijn niet erg gemotiveerd. De baan wordt waargenomen als een salarischeque.

  • Lage HygiŽne + Hoge Motivatie: De werknemers zijn gemotiveerd maar hebben veel klachten. Een situatie waar de baan opwindend en uitdagend is. Maar toch zijn de salarissen en de werkvoorwaarden niet in orde.

  • Lage HygiŽne + Lage Motivatie: De slechtste situatie. De werknemers zijn niet gemotiveerd en hebben veel klachten.

Hertzberg suggereert dat het werk vaak kan en zou moeten†worden gerangschikt op de volgende manieren:

  • baan uitbreiding
  • baan rotatie, en/of
  • baan verrijking.

Naast de Twee Factor Theorie, is Frederick Hertzberg ook bekend†voor zijn acroniem KITA, dat op een nette manier vertaald is: Schop Onder je Broek (Kick In the Pants)! Hertzberg zei dat KITA geen motivatie veroorzaakt. Maar slechts beweging.




Motivatie-HygiŽne Theorie | Tweefactortheorie Forum (27 onderwerpen) Help
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  7 motivatie manieren
Op briskmagazine.nl zag ik dit alternatieve lijstje met manieren om medewerkers te motiveren: 1. Geef aandacht, 2. Geef een schouderklopje, 3. Sterk hun zelfvertrouwen, 4. Trots, 5. Geef informatie, 6. Stimuleer samenwerking, 7. Evenwicht in taak- en...
     
  Nothing Flourishes Without Attention
This simple phrase is endemic in all endeavors. A gardener knows all too well what would happen to his plants if they are not attended to.
Take this phrase and apply it to every other pursuit, without reviewing the newly emplaced activity or pra...
     
  Privacy at Work
When it comes to office spaces, organizations are always trying to find a balance between on the one hand public and on the other hand private workspace in order to encourage collaboration. However, public spaces are often criticized as it ass...
     
  PROs and CONs of Employee Of the Month Programs
A common recommended and used form to increase employeesí motivation and performance is Employee-Of-the-Month (EOM). Such a strategy would boost morale through employee rewards and giving credits to excellent employees.
 
   
  Is Lack of Of Challenge a Hygiene Factor?
What challenges an employee at any phase in his life is the motivator.
Sometimes, earning more money is seen as a challenge by an employee, depending on his experience and urge to cross a social strata or a barrier.
Sometimes money just wor...
     
  Using Herzberg's Two Factor Theory in Small Companies
How can you apply Herzberg 2 factor theory in a small company (5-10 employees)?
Any experiences? Does anyone know of a simple set of tools?...
     
  Scope of Herzberg's Two Factor Theory
This theory need not be confined to any type of business situation. It can be used for interaction between any two individuals to understand how individuals are motivated whenever they interact...
The factors established by this theory are univ...
     
  How to Keep a Workforce Motivated at Crossroads
Many enterprises transform their structures merging several organisational cultures in cycles.
How can the staff remain motivated when changes are made in the organisations values, collectiveness, consistency etc... In the adage of old wine and...
     
  Avoid Under and over Motivation
Under motivated as well as over motivated workers both have negative effects in productivity. A balance has to be developed in order for workers to act normally, never discouraged nor disgusted and extremely anxious and expectant of rewards or...
     
  Money Remains the Primary Motivating Factor!
Never forget: money remains the primary motivating factor of employees....
Here in Uganda, the oldest national university Makerere has been closed due to striking lecturers over poor pay. They don't complain about harassment or poor working envi...
     
  Strong Motivational Factors Can Overcome Demotivating Factors
Deeply felt internal motivational factors can overcome demotivating factors.
Such positive internal motivational factors could be a strong belief of cause or a smart direction of the organization....
     
  Motivation Engenders Commitment
Adequately motivated staff are usually more committed to perform optimally.
More often than not, they are happy on their beats which could be due to their being satisfied with the welfare, training and perquisites they are enjoying from their em...
     
  Additional Hygiene Factors
Though the theory covers many of the reasons, I believe others factors like management style, organization culture, office politics, training standards also should come under the hygiene factor.
Without the proper management of these fact...
     
  Two Factor Theory 2.0
2 Factor Theory may be applied in any type of organizations and in all levels. But, again there are other elements in the work environment which may effect the motivation of employees and the organization results.
Since knowledge, such as...
     
  Two Factor Theory Still Holds Today?
I think Herzberg's theory fits hundred percent perfect for present day organizations. Human minds need motivations so often... In the mean time hygiene factors also play a vital part in job satisfaction....
     
  Application of Two Factor Theory in Non-Governmental Organizations
Is the model applicable in non-government organizations where officers are not receiving remunerations in whatever kind where the pressing concern is how to drive them to perform to their best level?...
     
  Stress inTwo Factor Theory
Where should we position STRESS in this 2 Factor Theory? Please explain... Thank you......
     
  Education Motivation
Where does educational motivation fit in?...
     
  Hygiene and Motivation: Hand and Glove
It may seem not very practical to apply this theory in some parts of the world, like the third world. Going through Herzberg's theory in detail I have just realised it's the best work situation that bears fruit for both employee and employer. I would...
     
  What are (the Main) Causes of Attrition?
The theory is pretty good, but I am of the view that the underlying reason for a big percentage of people who move on is the boss. Most of the time when an employee leaves his job it's due to the treatment he or she receives from the boss. Treatment ...
     
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Drivers and Levers of Employees

In their 2002 book "Driven: How Human Nature Shapes our Choices", Paul R. Lawrence and Nitin Nohria mention 4 drives underlying everything we do:
...
Usage (application): Improving Employee Motivation
 
 

Examples of Two Factor Model

I would like to compare Herzberg's 2 factor model to a human body (organisation):
- The disease-infected human body (unhealthy organisation) can ...
Usage (application): Teaching Two Factor Theory
 
 

Satisfaction and Dissatisfaction According to Herzberg

I find it interesting that Herzberg separates dissatisfaction and satisfaction as whole different feelings apart from one another. He says dissatisfac...
Usage (application): Important Note
 
 

Promotion-focused versus Prevention-focused Employees

An interesting way to look at employees or coachees for motivation purposes is described by Heidi Grant Halverson and E. Tory Higgins in HBR March 20...
Usage (application): Employee Motivation
 
 

Alternate Classifications of Human Needs (Employees, Consumers)

One of possible ways to classify human (employee, consumer) needs is to break them down into:
- Biogenic Needs (essential, inherent certain eleme...
Usage (application): Motivation, Marketing, Human Needs
 
 

Differences in Organizational Commitment Between Paid Workers and Volunteers

Paid and unpaid workers in hybrid organizations
Although financial considerations are an important reason to work for a certain organization, the...
Usage (application): Organizational Commitment, Employee Motivation, Non-profit Organizations
 
 

Base your Workspace Design on Employee Interaction

Many innovative organizations of today have faith that more open spaces triggers personal interactions, performance, creativity and innovation. Becaus...
Usage (application): Workspace Design, Innovation Environment, Employee Interaction, Office Space Design
 
 

How to Avoid Too Much Transparency and Allow Some Privacy

In an article ďThe Transparency TrapĒ it is argued that although a certain level of transparency does drive out wasteful and unfair practices and enc...
Usage (application): Corporate Transparency, Employee Privacy
 
 

Why Employees Stay: Contextual Factors Influencing Job Embeddedness

Mitchell, Lee and Tyler (2014) focus on the contextual (or external) factors that influence employeesí staying, instead of emphasizing the fact...
Usage (application): Employee Retention, Attrition, Organizational Commitment, Employee Satisfaction
 
 

Family-Work Conflicts (FWC) and Daily Job Performance

FAMILY ROLES and WORK are two factors influencing each other: - Work can interfere with family roles; this is called a Work-Family Conflict (WFC).
...
Usage (application): Family-work conflicts, Coaching, Mentoring, Job Performance
 

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