Leadership Styles[领导风格]
(Goleman)

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远见型、教练型、合作型、民主型、领头型和命令型等六种不同领导风格对团队的“共鸣”影响。 Daniel Goleman的Leadership Styles[领导风格]解析。

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2002年,Daniel Goleman在与Richard Boyatzis、Annie McKee共同撰写的畅销书《最根本的领导力》(Primal Leadership)中,提出了六种领导风格。 要准确理解这六种领导风格,需要首先理解Goleman提出的人际沟通/交流的“共鸣”概念。


领导产生共鸣

根据Goleman的研究,优秀领导之所以高效,是因为他们能够产生共鸣。


英文中的共鸣(Resonance)一词来源于拉丁语Resonare 意为“再次产生声音”。 有效领导被调和到其他人的感觉并且移动他们在一个正面情感方向。 他首先调整自己的价值观、做事的优先顺序、判断的标准和工作目标,并切实根据这些因素来领导团队,从而引起团队其他成员的情感共鸣。 在他的领导下,团队成员会感到相互之间非常惬意。 共鸣来源于人天生的Emotional Intelligence[情感智能] (包括自我认知、自已管理、社会认知和关系管理),同时也介入了一定的智力成分。


共鸣的产生可以通过六种方式来实现,这就是六种不同的领导风格。 对于那些高效领导来说,他们能够从容驾驭这六种领导风格,根据不同的形势需要,进行运用、变换。


 

远见型领导

教练型领导

合作型领导

民主型领导

领头型领导

命令型领导

领导特征

启发、激励。 满怀信心,整合共同愿景。 移情作用。 让每一位成员知道个人努力对实现组织“梦想”的贡献和作用。 善于聆听。 帮助组织成员辨识其长处和短处。 发挥顾问作用。 对组织成员给与鼓励。 正确授权和分工。 营造组织中和谐、 友好的氛围。 移情作用。 促进道德建设。 解决冲突。 聆听的大师。 团队工作者。 合作者。 施加影响者。 目标实现的强大推动力。 自我的高标准。 很强的主动性。 较低的移情作用与合作精神。 缺乏耐心。 事无巨细都要管理过问。 过分看中数字结果。 发号司令。 “按我说的去做。” 威胁。 严格控制。 严厉监督。 产生不和谐。 组织成员的情绪深受其害。 天才的创造性被驱逐。

如何产生共鸣

推动组织成员朝向共同的“梦想”努力。 将成员个人需要与 组织目标联系起来。 通过成员之间的联系沟通,产生组织和谐。 欣赏组织成员的个人贡献,通过组织成员的积极参与,来实现组织目标。 实现富有挑战性的、激动人心的组织目标。 遇有紧急情况,能够给以明确的方向指引,从而减轻员工的忧虑。

领导风格对企业的影响

+ + + + + + + 经常  --   当滥用或不当运用的时候 经常  --

最佳运用时机

当变革需要新的组织愿景时, 或者当组织需要一个清晰明确的前进方向时。 当组织遭遇剧烈变革的时候。 当那些易受激励的员工需要通过帮助建立一种持久的能力、从而不断提高他们的工作表现时。 当组织裂痕需要风何时。 当组织经历紧张困难时期、需要有效激励时。 或者,当组织需要加强沟通联系时。 当组织需要构建共识、或需要支持时。 或者,需要大量的员工参与、贡献时。 当需要有一支能征善战、接受激励的团队高质量地完成任务时。 如销售团队。 当组织遭遇严重危机时。 或者当组织遇到制造麻烦的员工时。 当开始一项急迫的组织行动时。 传统上的军事领导。

参考书: Daniel Goleman, Richard Boyatzis, Annie McKee - Primal Leadership -


领导风格论坛
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  How to Assess Your Own Leadership Style?
Did Goleman, Boyatzis and McKee provide a test to assess your own leadership styles out of the six mentioned?
Are there any other similar leadership style self-tests?...
     
 
  Bad Leadership in Organizations
I would appreciate any inputs on the questions: Does it make sense to say a certain way of leadership is bad? Isn't there something wrong with the idea of 'bad leadership'?...
     
 
  Leadership by Connecting using Individual Psychology
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  3 Kinds of Leaders: Builders, Maintainers and Destroyers
There are three kind of 'leaders', namely builders, maintainers and destroyers.
- Builders are always with a new vision and they work towards the vision by selling their vision to their followers by inspiration, performance and guidance....
     
 
  Current Leadership Styles
In this era we do not need either pacesetting or commanding types of leadership.
In my opinion, we currently live in a world where we need mainly visionary leaders to achieve the objectives of our organisations. ...
     
 
  Leadership Styles are Labels
I think most of the leadership styles we heard and read about are simply labels made by people, in particular social scientists, to interpret those demonstrable behaviors. They are after-thoughts.
The very basic definition of "effective ...
     
 
  Oligarchical Leadership Styles
What kind of leadership is in effect in a oligarchy? (Ed: Oligarchy (from Greek ὀλιγαρχία, oligarkha) is a form of power structure in which power effectively rests with a small number of people. These pe...
     
 
  People Ignore Inefficient & Ineffective Leaders
Leadership styles has always been a complex affair. Over the last 40 years I had the opportunity to work in eastern and western cultures as a follower as well as in in leadership roles.
Followers soon evaluate and judge leaders who can deliver r...
     
 
  Resonating Leadership Character and Persona
Army General Douglas McArthur is an example of leadership character and a commanding persona who was dismissed by President Harry Truman in the exercise of civilian command and control over the military.
Two impersonated egos but only one leade...
     
 
  Dominant Leadership Styles
We all have some dominant leadership style based upon our particular nature. Someone may be commanding, democratic etc. May be with one of these styles we afford to get thro many situations depending on our position in the organisation. But "change s...
     
 
  Situational Leadership Styles
Situational styles are adequate variations of leadership, adjusted to the actual situations and needs.
One of my trainers stated: "Leadership has to be democratic-dictatoric!...
     
 
  Mostly Used Leadership Style in Developed Countries
This topic is really very important for executives. I am willing to know which type leadership style is being used mostly in developed countries?
I would be grateful to have your replies....
     
 
  Democratic Leadership
Democratic or participative management style sometimes is not always good, for example when you have good team members that have differing opinions. You cannot enter into a common ground if everybody participates and would like his idea to be the one...
     
 
  Leadership Styles and Motivation
How do leadership styles actually relate to motivation?...
     
 
  General Allenby (Field Marshal Viscount Allenby)
Does anyone know what sort of leadership style Allenby had? He was known as the 'bull' and had a mixed career. He had success in South Africa where the cavalry used its mobility. Frustration in WWI on the western front trench warfare and a l...
     
 
  Goleman's Use of the Word 'he'
Is Goleman referring to both 'females' and 'males' within the creation of resonance table, or simply males. I have noted that Goleman uses the word 'he' rather than 'people' or 'persons'?...
     
 

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最佳实践 - 领导风格 高级帐户
  Authentic Leadership
I can't wait for great authentic leadership to emerge in the current context in which the trust is shaken. In times of crisis people discover ways to better deal with the future.
As an authentic leader, self-consciousness is absolutely fu...
     
 
  Why is Commanding Leadership Style Still Abundant?
The commanding leadership style demotivates workers. And even if it worsens the employer <> employee relationships, and even if workers will not produce the best results under this type of leadership style, unfortunately it seems this style is still ...
     
 
  Utilising and Altering / Varying Leadership Styles
After reading briefly on leadership styles it had me thinking, how often are leaders aware that they are using leadership styles? And how often do leaders think before they act as to what leadership style they will use? And would there be a di...
     
 
  Adapt the Suitable Leadership Style
Humans are one thing in this world that can't be explained very concisely by theory or formulas. "One size fits all" concept may not be too useful in the people context.
Personally I would think that the "best" leadership style is always subject...
     
 
  The Best Leadership Style
The democratic or cooperative style is the best style of leadership. It motivates the employee to work properly. By this style, an employee feels that he has some importance in the organisation and he increases his efficiency....
     
 
  Leadership Style: born or made
Are you born with a particular leadership style, or can you learn one?...
     
 

Expert Tips (ENG) - Leadership Styles 高级帐户
 

Factors Affecting the Required Leadership Style

Goleman provides a good framework to understand and classify leadership styles. It is true that no leader always leads in a particular style but adapt...
Usage (application)Choosing an Appropriate Leadership Style
 
 
 

Categeories of CEO's

In their book "The Secrets of CEOs", Steve Tappin and Andrew Cave identified that top-quartile CEOs fall into five distinct categories of leadershi...
Usage (application)Leadership Styles, CEO Types
 
 
 

Leadership Self-Assessement

Before you seek training in leadership, you should assess your strenghts and weaknesses as a Leader by comparing with these 5 traits:
- Self-Awa...
Usage (application)Leadership Training, Leadership Development, Coaching, Mentoring
 
 
 

Write a Personal Mission Statement

Covey wrote this pearl of wisdom in his book Seven Habits: "The key to the ability to change is a change...
Usage (application)Establish focus on who you want to be in your life...
 
 
 

Five Leadership Development Ideas

Although years of research and analysis by biographers, historians, and scholars have produced an enormous library of books on leadership, Robert J. A...
Usage (application)Leadership Development, Management Development, Coaching, Mentoring
 
 
 

Identify and Develop Leadership Abilities

Four Rules of Leadership...  
 
 

What is Your Leadership Point of View?

In my experience very few leaders are able to define and succinctly articulate their leadership point of view. The reason? They haven't taken the time...
Usage (application)Reflection on your Leadership Style
 
 
 

Leadership Best Practices

- The best leaders always know how to involve others in making decisions: You will get a better range of ideas and they will feel more commi...
Usage (application)Leadership Development, Leadership Tips
 
 
 

LEADER: Best Practices for Effective Leadership Behavior

Following six short behavioral tips can help you to enhance your leadership efficiency:
1. L - LISTENING: Actively listening to others will help ...
Usage (application)Leadership Behavior, Leadership Effectiveness, Leadership Style
 
 
 

How to Develop your Own Leadership Philosophy

In an article When should a leader be directive or empowering? How to develop your own situational theory of leadership, the best way to develop you...
Usage (application)Leadership/Management Development, Coaching, Mentoring
 
 
 

For Resonance, One Must Differentiate Between Various Discrete Forms of Positive Emotions

Effective leadership involves moving peoples' feelings into a more positive direction, which implicitly suggest a positive effect of positive emotions...
Usage (application)Leadership Skills, Management Skills, Emotional Intelligence
 
 
 

Reasons and Remedies to Dissonance in Leaders

In todays constantly changing, challenging and demanding environment, it is hard for leaders to remain effective and resonant (see here what Goleman ...
Usage (application)Primal Leadership, Emotional Intelligence, Stress, Cognitive Dissonance, Resonance
 
 
 

The Relationship between the Power of Leaders and Overconfidence

Fast et al. (2012) researched the relationship between power and overconfidence. In many cases it can be seen that decision making by power holders is...
Usage (application)Leadership, Power, Leadership Development, Executive Education
 
 
 

Emotional Style and Leadership Performance

Goleman made another contribution to the study of successful leadership. This represented a deeper analysis of earlier research on the effect of Emoti...
Usage (application)Leadership Coaching, Understanding the Mechanisms behind Leadership
 
 
 

Freud s Personality Types

Freud recognized that there are an almost infinite variety of personalities which could be in the end broken down into 3 main types: erotics, obsessiv...
Usage (application)Personality Types, Leadership Development, Management Development, Coaching, Mentoring
 
 

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比较:  Emotional Intelligence[情感智能]  |  Leadership Continuum[领导连续体]  |  Leadership Pipeline[领导补给线]  |  Hagberg Model of Personal Power[哈格伯格个人力量模型]  |  Level 5 Leadership[第五级领导]  |  Charismatic Leadership[魅力型领导]  |  EPIC ADVISERS[史诗顾问]  |  Servant-Leadership[仆人式领导]  |  Path-Goal Theory[路径-目标理论]  |  Theory X Theory Y[X理论-Y理论]  |  Managerial Grid[管理方格理论]  |  Contingency Theory[权变理论]  |  Competing Values Framework[竞值架构]  |  Expectancy Theory[期望理论]  |  Result Oriented Management[业绩导向管理]  |  Bases of Social Power[社会权力基础]  |  Seven Surprises[七大惊奇]  |  Seven Habits[七个习惯]  |  Coaching[教练]  |  Mentoring[启导]  |  Results-Based Leadership[业绩导向领导]  |  Situational Leadership[情境领导]  |  Metaplan[元规划]  |  Ashridge Mission Model[Ashridge使命模型]


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