Bases of Social Power[社会权力基础]

知识中心

   

识别权力来源。 French和Raven的Bases of Social Power[社会权力基础]解析。

目录

  1. 摘要
  2. 论坛
  3. 最佳实践
  4. Expert Tips
  5. 相关资料
  6. 打印

社会权力基础权力过程渗透于社会方方面面,不仅复杂,还常扮有伪装。 French和Raven的社会权力基础(Bases of Social Power)理论识别出五个(或六个)方面的社会权力基础(来源)。

  1. 奖赏权力Reward Power)。 这种权力基于给予正面有利结果,或去除负面不利结果所带来的力量。

  2. 强制权力(Coercive Power。 这种权力是指对违背旨意的人进行惩戒的力量。

  3. 法定权力(Legitimate Power。 这种权力是指通过选举或任命而担当一定职位所得到的行为力量,亦称组织权威(Organizational Authority规范权力(Normative Power。 比较: Organization Chart[组织结构图]

  4. 参照权力(Referent Power。 这种权力是由于成为别人学习参照榜样所拥有的力量。

  5. 专家权力(Expert Power。 这种权力来自于个人所拥有的专长、专门知识和特殊技能。

  6. 信息权力(Information Power 。 与5类似, 这种权力依赖于对某种他人必须的、重要信息的控制。

社会权力基础理论假定权力及其影响作用至少要卷入两个作用体, 并认为权力受体对于研究社会影响和权力现象更为有用。


French和Raven检阅了各种各样的权力后果,既有被权力所吸引的,也有对权力产生抵抗的。 吸引或抵抗都是权力受体对于权力作用体的情绪化反映。 他们总结到,权力基础不同,其产生的后果也不同。

例如,强制权力非常典型,它削弱吸引力,引起高度抵抗力。 而奖赏权力则会提高吸引力,并将抵抗力降到最低限度。


French和Raven还认为, 强制权力越合法(感觉而言),抵抗力就越薄弱,注意力也会随之减弱。


社会权力基础论坛
  The Role of Influence in Leadership
Influence refers to the power of an individual to impel another person to action by either intangible or indirect means. Therefore it plays an important role in leadership. Kaufman (2011) developed six principles of influence that explain in wh...
     
 
  A 7th Source of Power: Participative Power
Achieve participative power by having:
- Common goals
- Clear vision
- Constant communication
- Everyone is involved
- Consensus (for important decisions)....
     
 
  Composition of Power Bases
I think several power bases can be required in one individual, and suggest to focus on the composition of all power bases in making an all round powerful person/leader, e.g. expert power 40%, reward power 10%, coercive power 2% etc. No ...
     
 
  What is Power? Definitions
French and Raven detail varieties of social power, but what is 'power', is it Foucault's action that requires two consenting parties - where there is the possibility of an individual decision and personal choice - or is 'power' more Weber
     
 
  About Information Power
I personally believe that information power is the most influential form of power. All other powers especially legitimate power needs to feed off of information or even expert power in order to sustain itself. Once the information stops flowin...
     
 
  Should See Power Differently...
The word "power" acts as deterrent for most of the employees to perform and leaves a negative and rebellious feeling in them. Power should be seen as a facilitating tool to influence people. And as a tool that there are people to fall back ...
     
 
  With Power Comes Responsibility!
With real power comes responsibility. You need to exercise it with an objective in mind. Power without responsibility will make you answerable one day!...
     
 
  Mind Power - Power of Mind
Every one has power of mind, of which only around 17% is active. We need to activate the unconscious mind power to energize. Ince we succeed to utilize our mind power we will become a great performer.
Any organization needs persons who ca...
     
 
  Synergistic Power is the Strongest
All power is secondary to synergistic power.
The mathematics of synergistic power is this: 1 + 1 = 11!
There is a proverb that states: 'Plans fail for lack of counsel, but with many advisers they succeed.' - Proverbs 15:22....
     
 
  Bases of Social Power: What's Common?
What do these Bases of Social Power have in common?...
     
 
  Perception of Receiver
The perception of the receiving agent on how effective power can be used goes a long way in defining the social relationship....
     
 
  Desire to Have Power...
Why do people desire social power?...
     
 
  2 more Types of Power
There are two other types of power. One is derived from dependency relationship. Any dependency for anything else makes one powerful over the dependents. This may be called "Dependency Power". The other power may be termed as "Synergistic P...
     
 
  What is Referent Power? Definition and Examples
The definition for referent power in the summary of the basis of social power is not 100% clear when it says: "referent power is power through association with others who possess power". That could be understood as this power is attributed to the f...
     
 
  Social Power is a Reality
Just as social intelligence is a recognized intelligence, so also social power is a reality. Through social power, people are able to do many things which may not otherwise have been possible for them....
     
 
  Is Charisma a Source of Social Power?
What about personal power or call it charismatic power? Certain people can be powerful through their charisma, energy, stamina, strengt...
     
 
  Framing or Meaning Power
An additional source of power in organizations can be to establish the framework within which issues will be viewed and decided (J. Pfeffer - Managing with Power: Politics and Influence in Organizations, 1992). Leaders and elites often have su...
     
 

社会权力基础 小组


小组

社会权力基础 培训|活动


搜索培训、会议及活动项目


最佳实践 - 社会权力基础 高级帐户
  Assumed Power in a Void
Another type of power is that which is created in a void (Ed: ~ empty space) of leadership, that is assumed power. No one is exerting power in an area, so someone assumes that role, and the power is by consensus granted to them. There is no basis for...
     
 

Expert Tips (ENG) - Bases of Social Power 高级帐户
 

Bases of Social Power in the Context of Change Initiatives

The concept of bases of social power is very important for organizations in the context of change initiatives.
The sources of power in hie...
Usage (application)Why Acknowledging the Power of Employees is Important
 
 
 

What precisely was Legitimate Power according to French and Raven? Definition

While I appreciate and aknowledge that the definition of legitimate power, posed in this section, represents the current social paradigm, I bel...
Usage (application)Precise Definition by French and Raven
 
 
 

Mobilize the Expert Power in your Team Early On

In a short article, Bonner and Bolinger describe a surprisingly simple process to beef up the problem solving and/or decision-making capacity of your ...
Usage (application)Team Formation, Expert Power, Group Decision-making, Extroversion, Introversion
 
 
 

Seventh Source of Social Power (French & Raven)

In addition to the above mentioned bases or sources of social (organizational) power, French and Raven also distinguished connectional power as...
Usage (application)Leadership, Management, Change Management
 
 
 

Positional and Personal Bases of Power

In The Power Theory of Leadership, Hayden analyses the bases of social power (excluding connectional power) and reiterates that among them, some are...
Usage (application)Leadership
 
 
 

The Relationship between the Power of Leaders and Overconfidence

Fast et al. (2012) researched the relationship between power and overconfidence. In many cases it can be seen that decision making by power holders is...
Usage (application)Leadership, Power, Leadership Development, Executive Education
 
 

相关资料 - 社会权力基础 高级帐户
 

新闻

权力基础
     
 

新闻

社会权力
     
 

视频

权力基础
     
 

视频

社会权力
     
 

简报

权力基础
     
 

简报

社会权力
     
 

更多

权力基础
     
 

更多

社会权力
     

比较: Hagberg Model of Personal Power[哈格伯格个人力量模型]  |  Charismatic Leadership[魅力型领导]  |  Servant-Leadership[仆人式领导]  |  Change Management Iceberg[变革管理冰山]  |  Appreciative Inquiry[肯定式探询]  |  Positive Deviance[正向偏差]  |  Change Phases[变革阶段]  |  Force Field Analysis[力场分析法]  |  Core Group Theory[核心组理论]  |  Theory of Planned Behavior[计划行为理论]  |  Groupthink[团体迷思]  |  EPIC ADVISERS[史诗顾问]  |  Leadership Styles[领导风格]  |  Managerial Grid[管理方格理论]  |  Situational Leadership[情境领导]  |  Level 5 Leadership[第五级领导]  |  Centralization and Decentralization[中心化与去中心化]


返回到分类主页: 变革与组织  |  沟通与技能  |  决策与评估  |  领导力  |  战略与策略


更多管理方法、模型和理论

Special Interest Group Leader

你在这里


关于12manage | 广告服务 | 链接我们 | 隐私 | 服务条款
版权所有 2016 12manage经理人进阶捷径。V14.1 - 最后更新:10-12-2016。各管理方法名称(tm)为其原创者所拥有。