Processes of power are pervasive, complex, and often disguised in our society.
The Bases of Social Power of French and Raven is a theory that identifies
five (six) bases or sources of social (organizational) power:
Reward power. This form is based on the perceived ability to give
positive consequences or remove negative ones.
Coercive power. This is the perceived ability to punish those
who not conform with your ideas or demands.
Legitimate power (organizational authority). This form is based
on the perception that someone has the right to prescribe behavior due to
election or appointment to a position of responsibility. Also called
Normative Power. Compare:
Referent power. This is power by virtue of the follower wanting to emulate the person who possesses this form of power (wanting to be be like him).
Expert power. This type is based on having distinctive knowledge,
expertness, ability or skills.
Similar to 5: Information power. This form is based on controlling
the information needed by others in order to reach an important goal.
The Five Bases of Social Power theory starts from the assumption that power
and influence involve relations between at least two agents. The theory argues
that the reaction of the receiving agent is the more useful focus for explaining
the phenomena of social influence and power.
French and Raven examined the effect of power derived from the various
bases of attraction and resistance to the use of power. Attraction and resistance
are the recipient's sentiment towards the agent that uses power. They conclude
that the use of power from the various bases has different consequences.
For example, coercive power typically decreases attraction and causes high
resistance. Whereas reward power increases attraction and creates minimal
levels of resistance.
French and Raven also concluded that "the more legitimate the coercion
[is perceived to be], the less it will produce resistance and decreased attention".
To get access to this forum, you need to be a member! Register (30 seconds) | Log in
Bases of Social Power Special Interest Group
Bases of Social Power Education & Events
Compare with the 5 Bases of Social Power:
Hagberg Model of Personal
| Change Management
| Positive Deviance
| Change Phases |
Force Field Analysis
| Core Group Theory
| Planned Behavior
| Groupthink |
EPIC ADVISERS |
| Managerial Grid
Level 5 Leadership
| Centralization and Decentralization
Return to Management Hub: Change & Organization | Communication & Skills | Decision-making & Valuation | Leadership
More Management Methods, Models and Theory