14가지 경영관리 원칙[14 Principles of Management]
(Henri Fayol)

지식 센터

   

Henri Fayol에 의해서 정리되었으며, Henri Fayol은 경영관리 원칙을 14가지로 요약 제안함. (1916년)

제공: Vincent Marino

목차

  1. 요약
  2. 포럼
  3. 모범 사례
  4. Expert Tips
  5. 자료
  6. 인쇄

Henri Fayol (1841-1925년) - 14 Principles of Management [관리의 14원칙]

경영관리를 위한 14가지 원칙이란 무엇인가?

Henri Fayol(1841-1925년)의 14가지 경영관리원칙은 다음과 같다:

  1. 분업의 원칙(Division of Work). 전문화는 개인이 경험을 쌓고 지속적으로 기술(skills)을 향상시킬 수 있도록 해준다. 이를 통해 개인의 생산성은 높아지게 된다.
  2. 권한과 책임의 원칙(Authority). 각 담당 업무에 대한 책임과 그에 따른 권한의 규형.
  3. 기강확립(규율)의 원칙(Discipline). 직원들이 명령에 따라야만 한다는 것이지만, 이 원칙에는 2가지 측면의 의미가 있다: 만일 경영진이 좋은 리더십을 발휘하며 자신의 역할을 수행한다면, 직원들은 그들의 지휘를 따를 것이다.
  4. 명령 일원화의 원칙(Unity of Command). 각 근로자는 한 명의 상관으로부터만 명령을 받아야만 한다는 것이다. 이는 명령체계에 혼란을 발생시키지 않기 위해서 이다.
  5. 지휘통일의 원칙(Unity of Direction). 동일한 활동에 관여하고 있는 사람들은 하나의 계획 하에서 동일한 목적을 지향해야 한다. 이는 기업 내에서 통일성과 조정력을 위한 필수 조건이다. 명령의 일원화는 지휘 통일성을 통해 존재하나 반드시 지휘 통일성으로부터 기인하는 것은 아니다.
  6. 개별이익의 전체이익에의 종속원칙(Subordination of individual interest). 경영진은 기업의 목표를 항상 최우선으로 해야한다.
  7. 적정보상의 원칙(Remuneration). Fayol은 많은 가능성들에 대한 분석을 통하여 완벽한 시스템은 존재하지 않는다고 하였지만, 임금은 중요한 동기부여 요인이다.
  8. 중앙집권화의 원칙(Centralization) 또는 분권화(Decentralization). 이것은 직원 개인의 질적인 측면과 사업 조건이 관련된 정도의 문제이다.
  9. 계층화 혹은 계층조직의 원칙(Scalar chain). 위계구조는 지휘 통일성을 위하여 필요하다. 수평적 의사소통은(lateral communication) 기본지만, 상관은 그러한 의사소통이 일어나고 있다는 것을 알고 있어야 한다. 계층조직은 조직 내 최상위 권한자로부터 최하위자까지의 위계구조를 구성하고 있는 단계의 수와 관련되어 있다. 계층조직은 감당할 수 없을만큼 많은 단계로 구성되어서는 안된다.
  10. 질서유지의 원칙(Order). 물질적 질서와 사회적 질서, 두 가지 측면이 모두 필요하다. 물질적 질서는 시간낭비와 불필요한 (처리)활동을 최소화시켜준다. 사회적 질서는 조직화와 선발(정)을 통해 달성된다.
  11. 공정성의 원칙(Equity). 사업을 운영함에는 친절함과 공평성의 조화가 필요하다. 종업원에 대한 좋은 대우는 공정성을 달성하는데 중요하다.
  12. 고용안정의 원칙(Stability of Tenure of Personnel.). 종업원은 직업의 안정성과 경력발전이 보장되는 경우에 보다 좋은 성과를 낸다. 불안정한 재직과 높은 이직율은 조직에 부정적인 영향을 미친다.
  13. 자발성의 원칙(Initiative). 모든 직원들이 스스로 자발성을 발휘하도록 한다는 것은 조직을 강하게 하는 하나의 방법이다. 그러나 한편으로는 많은 관리자들 중 일부에게는 개인적인 희생이 따를 수 있다.
  14. 종업원 단결의 원칙(Esprit de Corps). 경영진은 직원들의 사기를 진작시켜야 한다. Fayol은 이와 관련하여 다음과 같이 제안을 하였다: "조직활동들을 조율하고 열정을 독려하며, 각 개인의 역량 활용하며, 그리고 질투심을 유발하지 않고 조화로운 관계를 해치지 않는 범위 내에서 개인의 가치에 보상해주는 것이 필요하다"

(경영)관리란 무엇인가? 5가지 구성요소

Fayol은 경영의 역할과 활동을 5가지 구성요소로 보았다:

  1. Prevoyance (예측 및 계획). 미래를 살펴보고 행동계획을 작성하는 것. 전략의 구성요소
  2. 조직(To organize). 인적, 물적 측면 모두에서의 구조화.
  3. 명령(To command). 직원 상호간의 활동에 대한 유지관리.
  4. 조정(To coordinate). 모든 행동과 활동을 결집시키고 통합하며 조화를 이루게 하는 것.
  5. 통제(To control). 모든 것이 수립된 규칙과 전달된 명령에 따라 수행되고 있는지를 확인하는 것.

경영관리의 14원칙의 유래.

Henri Fayol(1841-1925년)은 프랑스의 경영이론가로서 경영과 노동조직에 관한 그의 이론들은 20세기 전반에 광범위하게 영향을 미쳤다. 프랑스 광산회사, Commentry-Fourchamboult-Decazeville의 엔지니어였다. 그 후 그는 경영부서로 자리를 옮겨 1888년부터 1918년까지 이사로 재직하였다. 그는 이사로 재직하는 기간동안 (경영)관리에 관한 많은 논문을 썼고, 1916년에 the Bulletin de la Société de l’ Industrie Minérale은 그의 'Administration, Industrielle et Générale - Prévoyance, Organisation, Commandement, Coordination, Contrôle'을 발간하였다. 1949년에 Constance Storrs에 의해 처음으로 영어로 번역되었다:   ‘General and Industrial Management’


경영관리 14원칙의 활용. 응용

  • 변화와 조직.
  • 의사결정.
  • 기술/역량. 매니저의 기본적인 효과 개선에의 활용
  • 경영관리가 목록화하고 그룹화되어질 수 있는 다양한 활동들의 일환으로 보여질 수 있다는 측면에 대한 이해

참고도서: Henri Fayol - General and Industrial Management -


관리의 14원칙 포럼
  Delegation: How to Delegate Effectively?
WHAT IS DELEGATION?
Fayols 13nd principle ("Initiative") is linked to the management role of delegator. Kreitner (2009) defines "delegation" as: the transfer of decision-making authority to subordinates (p. 253).

WHAT IS NOT DELEGATI...
     
 
  Unity of Direction - Fayol's 5th Principle of Management
I'm looking for some further explanation and examples of UNITY OF DIRECTION as the 5th principle of Fayol's Principles of management? The 12manage summary says: "People engaged in the same kind of activities must have the same objectives in a single ...
     
 
  Management Mantras
What is the present management mantra practiced in your organisation? A paradigm shift in management may lead to innovations which may lead to new applications.
Or are the old management theories still being practiced in your organization?...
     
 
  Books by Henri Fayol on Management
Has he written any books? I can only find articles about his management style, but no books. Please help....
     
 
  Exactly Where are the 14 Principles of Fayol Located?
I am writing an essay which encompasses Fayol's theory and applying it to a modern business. I have a copy of General and Industrial Management to hand but I'm having difficulty to find a reference to the 14 principles in the book.
Are these pri...
     
 
  The Contribution of Henri Fayol to Strategy
The biggest contribution Fayol made to the discipline of management or administration is not his 14 principles or the 5 functions of a manager.
In my opinion, it was to identify that there is a framework of strategies common to all organizations...
     
 
  Current Research on Fayol / 14 Principles?
Although they are now almost 100 years old, we seem to agree that Fayol's principles continue to be relevant today.
Do you know of any research teams who are currently working on ...
     
 
  All of These Principles are Obvious Features
In every organization, we can see all of them but we can't classify the companies with them. For example: classify to efficient or non efficient organization, competitive or primitive, dynamic or static, etc.
These principles just tell us how an...
     
 
  Manager in Conflict with Top Management...
Conflicts occur regularly in almost all organisations. Managers having a conflict with top management normally have to accept the decision and command of top management.
But quite often, the lower/middle manager may actually be right as he is th...
     
 
  On #9: Scalar Chain has to be Modified for Current Times
Had Fayol been alive today, he would have modified scalar structure as the hierarchy is different and structures are much more flat today. People are working in different countries on a single project and individual responsibility is bigger combined ...
     
 
  Fayols Principles are the Basis of Many Later Management Concepts
Many recent management principle are extension of these 14 concepts. The only difference is often that they are confined to a set of more practical concepts to survive in the highly competitive global market....
     
 
  Some Items May Be Missing, But...
Dear all, we can now identify what is missing in the 14 principles. But when there were no principles, could we imagine the missings?
The 14 Principles of Fayol are the fundamental thoughts of management and now others items can be added in mana...
     
 

관리의 14원칙 시그(SIG)


시그(SIG)

관리의 14원칙 교육 및 이벤트


교육, 세미나 및 이벤트 찾기


모범 사례 - 관리의 14원칙 프리미엄
  Are Fayol's Principles of Management also applicable to non-profit organizations?
Fayol's principles of management were written having industrial (mining) firms in mind. Obviously these are for profit companies.
Are the 14 principles also applicable to non-profit organizations? Which principles would have to be changed should...
     
 
  On the 4th Principle: Unity of Command
According to Fayol's 4th Principle, Unity of Command, I should receive instruction from one boss who is my immediate manager.
However I have been instructed by other managers from other department too. And even by my colleagues. These instructio...
     
 
  Difference between Adminstration and Management
Should't Fayol's principles be called the 14 principles of Administration? Why was 'administration' (in the French language) translated into English in 1949 as 'management'? What differences are there between the area of studying administratio...
     
 
  (Why) Do we Need Managers?
Why do we need managers? They are a layer of cost and add no real value, so why do we have them? Most specialists left their field to be managers and usually hate it and perform at lower levels than in their previous roles.
What if we reduced ma...
     
 
  Managers versus Leaders
Not all managers are good leaders and not all leaders are good managers. We need to develop both managers and leaders to realize the vision and mission of the company....
     
 
  Fayol's Management Roles
Fayol mentioned 5 roles (or actions):
1. Prevoyance.
2. To organize.
3. To command.
4. To coordinate.
5. To control.
Apart from these 5 managerial functions or roles in my view:
6.  
   
 
  Add #15 Principle: Conformity to the Basic Origin
Aristotle noticed that well-being everywhere depends on two things: a choice of the correct goal, and a choice of a correct way of its achievement. In other words, to do the right things in the right way.
The 14 principles of Fayo...
     
 
  Need for Employees' Welfare in the Principles
It is obvious that in this 14 principles something is missing: the inclusion of "staff welfare". Because after all proper measures has been put in place, and the end-result is achieved, what becomes of this team that achieved this goal, apart from be...
     
 
  What is Prevoyance? Explanation
Prevoyance is the function of management which says one must examine the future and draw a plan. How hard is it to forecast what needs to be done in the future? I need a bit of explanation on this, thanks......
     
 
  Explanation and Examples of Esprit de Corps
Can someone please come with an explanation/example how to explain this to students?...
     
 
  The Power of an Ownership Attitude among Employees
As per my analysis, if any employee has an ownership attitude towards his organization, he does not require any kind of management theory to succeed in any kind of competitive market.
Using all kind of management and motivational theories (like ...
     
 
  How to Remember the 14 Principles by Fayol?
How to remember the 14 priciples of management, if we find it difficult to remember?...
     
 
  Difficulties to Apply 14 Principles of Henri Fayol
What difficulties can a manager confront today if he/she tried to implement the principles of Fayol as they were originally stated?...
     
 
  Organizational Efficiency or Effectiveness?
Which is more important for an organization: efficiency or effectiveness? Why?...
     
 
  POLICE Acronym in Management
Can someone explain the terms P. O. L. I. C. E. in management?...
     
 
  Risks in Fayol's 14 Principles of Management
What and where are the risks in the 14 principles of management?...
     
 
  Managers: Born or Made?
I think that managers are mostly born. The persons who have inborn, natural managerial qualities are much better in their role as manager than other managers who have acquired the managerial qualities...
WHAT YOU ALL THINK? Please react
     
 
  The 10 Principles of Urwick
Similar and well-known are the 10 Principles of Organisation by Lyndall Urwick. According to Urwick (Notes on the Theory of Organization, 1952), an organisation is built on ten principles:
1. The principle of the objective - Every organisation a...
     
 
  Good and bad managers...
Why don't all managers follow the principles of management?? Still they become managers?? Why?? How??...
     
 
  Evolution of Management
The way management is evolving keeps managers on their feet. Everyday brings a new management method. As a result the way we manage today you'll be surprised will change by the year 2010....
     
 

Expert Tips (ENG) - Principles of Management - Fayol 프리미엄
 

Fayol's 16 Management Duties of the Organisation

1. To aim at giving serious thoughts to activity plans and having them firmly executed.
2. To aim at having employed people and used equipment be...
Usage (application) : Management Science
 
 
 

Fayol's 5 Elements of Administration

Fayol wrote any organisation can be subdivided into 6 types of Operations. The sixth one has 5 elements:
6. Administrative Operations:
I. De...
Usage (application) : Management Science
 
 
 

Fayol's 6 Types of Operations

Fayol wrote that any organisation can be subdivided into 6 types of Operations. Each operation is fulfilled by its corresponding essential function: Usage (application) : Management Science
 
 
 

Fayol's 7 Qualities of Managers

The 7 qualities Fayol expected from managers were:
1. Health and vigour
2. Cleverness
3. Moral qualities
4. General knowledge (cul...
Usage (application) : Management Science
 
 
 

Six Groups of Activities of Henri Fayol

Frederick Taylor basically viewed managers as mere overseers with limited responsibility. Fayol viewed the role of managers as critical to organizatio...
Usage (application) : Management Science
 
 
 

Why and How the Functions of Managers Have Changed

Traditionally, the task of managers would be described or summarized as "getting the work done by others". Nowadays, the tasks and functions of manage...
Usage (application) : Modern Management, Management Functions, Management Roles
 
 
 

Powell's Support to Fayol's Ideas

Fayol named one of the duties of organization "To set up a unique 'direction' (~top management), skilled and vigorous".
General Colin Powe...
Usage (application) : Management Science
 
 

자료 - 관리의 14원칙 프리미엄
 

뉴스

관리의 14원칙 Fayol
     
 

뉴스

관리의 14원칙
     
 

영화

관리의 14원칙 Fayol
     
 

영화

관리의 14원칙
     
 

프리젠 테이션

관리의 14원칙 Fayol
     
 

프리젠 테이션

관리의 14원칙
     
 

관리의 14원칙 Fayol
     
 

관리의 14원칙
     

관리의 14원칙 관련개념: POSDCORB  |  조직도  |  Fourteen Points of Management [품질경영을 위한 14가지 지침] (데밍)  |  Ten Schools of Thought [10대 전략경영사상]  |  Training Within Industry [TWI, 산업내훈련]  |  8 Attributes of Management Excellence [경영 우수성의 속성]


다른 페이지로 이동: Change & Organization [변화와 조직]  |  의사소통과 기법들  |  의사결정과 가치평가  |  인적 자원


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