Principles of Management Fayol

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The general management principles as summarized by Fayol. Explanation of 14 Principles of Management of Henri Fayol. (1916)

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Henri Fayol (1841-1925) - 14 Principles of Management

What are the 14 Principles of Management? Description

The 14 Management Principles from Henri Fayol (1841-1925) are:

  1. Division of Work. Specialization allows the individual to build up experience, and to continuously improve his skills. Thereby he can be more productive.
  2. Authority. The right to issue commands, along with which must go the balanced responsibility for its function.
  3. Discipline. Employees must obey, but this is two-sided: employees will only obey orders if management play their part by providing good leadership.
  4. Unity of Command. Each worker should have only one boss with no other conflicting lines of command.
  5. Unity of Direction. People engaged in the same kind of activities must have the same objectives in a single plan. This is essential to ensure unity and coordination in the enterprise. Unity of command does not exist without unity of direction but does not necessarily flows from it.
  6. Subordination of individual interest (to the general interest). Management must see that the goals of the firms are always paramount.
  7. Remuneration. Payment is an important motivator although by analyzing a number of possibilities, Fayol points out that there is no such thing as a perfect system.
  8. Centralization (or Decentralization). This is a matter of degree depending on the condition of the business and the quality of its personnel.
  9. Scalar chain (Line of Authority). A hierarchy is necessary for unity of direction. But lateral communication is also fundamental, as long as superiors know that such communication is taking place. Scalar chain refers to the number of levels in the hierarchy from the ultimate authority to the lowest level in the organization. It should not be over-stretched and consist of too-many levels.
  10. Order. Both material order and social order are necessary. The former minimizes lost time and useless handling of materials. The latter is achieved through organization and selection.
  11. Equity. In running a business a ‘combination of kindliness and justice’ is needed. Treating employees well is important to achieve equity.
  12. Stability of Tenure of Personnel. Employees work better if job security and career progress are assured to them. An insecure tenure and a high rate of employee turnover will affect the organization adversely.
  13. Initiative. Allowing all personnel to show their initiative in some way is a source of strength for the organization. Even though it may well involve a sacrifice of ‘personal vanity’ on the part of many managers.
  14. Team Spirit (Esprit de Corps). Management must foster the morale of its employees. He further suggests that: “real talent is needed to coordinate effort, encourage keenness, use each person’s abilities, and reward each one’s merit without arousing possible jealousies and disturbing harmonious relations.”

What is Management? Five elements

Fayol's definition of management roles and actions distinguishes between Five Elements:

  1. Prevoyance. (Forecast & Plan). Examining the future and drawing up a plan of action. The elements of strategy.
  2. To organize. Build up the structure, both material and human, of the undertaking.
  3. To command. Maintain the activity among the personnel.
  4. To coordinate. Binding together, unifying and harmonizing all activity and effort.
  5. To control. Seeing that everything occurs in conformity with established rule and expressed command.

Origin of the 14 Principles of Management. History

Henri Fayol (1841-1925) was a French management theorist whose theories in management and organization of labor were widely influential in the beginning of 20th century. He was a mining engineer who worked for a French mining company Commentry-Fourchamboult-Decazeville, first as an engineer. Then he moved into general management and became Managing Director from 1888 to 1918. During his tenure as Managing Director he wrote various articles on 'administration' and in 1916 the Bulletin de la Société de l’ Industrie Minérale, printed his "Administration, Industrielle et Générale – Prévoyance, Organisation, Commandement, Coordination, Contrôle". In 1949 the first English translation appeared:  ‘General and Industrial Management’ by Constance Storrs.


Usage of the 14 Management Principles. Applications

  • Change and Organization.
  • Decision-making.
  • Skills. Can be used to improve the basic effectiveness of a manager.
  • Understand that management can be seen as a variety of activities, which can be listed and grouped.

Book: Henri Fayol - General and Industrial Management -


Principles of Management - Fayol Forum Help
  Delegation: How to Delegate Effectively?
WHAT IS DELEGATION?
Fayol’s 13nd principle ("Initiative") is linked to the management role of delegator. Kreitner (2009) defines "delegation" as: the transfer of decision-making authority to subordinates (p. 253).

 
   
 
  Unity of Direction - Fayol's 5th Principle of Management
I'm looking for some further explanation and examples of UNITY OF DIRECTION as the 5th principle of Fayol's Principles of management? The 12manage summary says: "People engaged in the same kind of activities must have the same objectives in a single ...
     
 
  Management Mantras
What is the present management mantra practiced in your organisation? A paradigm shift in management may lead to innovations which may lead to new applications.
Or are the old management theories still being practiced in your organization?...
     
 
  Books by Henri Fayol on Management
Has he written any books? I can only find articles about his management style, but no books. Please help....
     
 
  Exactly Where are the 14 Principles of Fayol Located?
I am writing an essay which encompasses Fayol's theory and applying it to a modern business. I have a copy of General and Industrial Management to hand but I'm having difficulty to find a reference to the 14 principles in the book.
Are these pri...
     
 
  The Contribution of Henri Fayol to Strategy
The biggest contribution Fayol made to the discipline of management or administration is not his 14 principles or the 5 functions of a manager.
In my opinion, it was to identify that there is a framework of strategies common to all organizations...
     
 
  Current Research on Fayol / 14 Principles?
Although they are now almost 100 years old, we seem to agree that Fayol's principles continue to be relevant today.
Do you know of any research teams who are currently working on ...
     
 
  All of These Principles are Obvious Features
In every organization, we can see all of them but we can't classify the companies with them. For example: classify to efficient or non efficient organization, competitive or primitive, dynamic or static, etc.
These principles just tell us how an...
     
 
  Manager in Conflict with Top Management...
Conflicts occur regularly in almost all organisations. Managers having a conflict with top management normally have to accept the decision and command of top management.
But quite often, the lower/middle manager may actually be right as he is th...
     
 
  On #9: Scalar Chain has to be Modified for Current Times
Had Fayol been alive today, he would have modified scalar structure as the hierarchy is different and structures are much more flat today. People are working in different countries on a single project and individual responsibility is bigger combined ...
     
 
  Fayols Principles are the Basis of Many Later Management Concepts
Many recent management principle are extension of these 14 concepts. The only difference is often that they are confined to a set of more practical concepts to survive in the highly competitive global market....
     
 
  Some Items May Be Missing, But...
Dear all, we can now identify what is missing in the 14 principles. But when there were no principles, could we imagine the missings?
The 14 Principles of Fayol are the fundamental thoughts of management and now others items can be added in mana...
     
 
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Best Practices - Principles of Management - Fayol Premium
  Are Fayol's Principles of Management also applicable to non-profit organizations?
Fayol's principles of management were written having industrial (mining) firms in mind. Obviously these are for profit companies.
Are the 14 principles also applicable to non-profit organizations? Which principles would have to be changed should...
     
 
  On the 4th Principle: Unity of Command
According to Fayol's 4th Principle, Unity of Command, I should receive instruction from one boss who is my immediate manager.
However I have been instructed by other managers from other department too. And even by my colleagues. These instructio...
     
 
  Difference between Adminstration and Management
Should't Fayol's principles be called the 14 principles of Administration? Why was 'administration' (in the French language) translated into English in 1949 as 'management'? What differences are there between the area of studying administratio...
     
 
  (Why) Do we Need Managers?
Why do we need managers? They are a layer of cost and add no real value, so why do we have them? Most specialists left their field to be managers and usually hate it and perform at lower levels than in their previous roles.
What if we reduced ma...
     
 
  Managers versus Leaders
Not all managers are good leaders and not all leaders are good managers. We need to develop both managers and leaders to realize the vision and mission of the company....
     
 
  Fayol's Management Roles
Fayol mentioned 5 roles (or actions):
1. Prevoyance.
2. To organize.
3. To command.
4. To coordinate.
5. To control.
Apart from these 5 managerial functions or roles in my view:
6.  
   
 
  Add #15 Principle: Conformity to the Basic Origin
Aristotle noticed that well-being everywhere depends on two things: a choice of the correct goal, and a choice of a correct way of its achievement. In other words, to do the right things in the right way.
The 14 principles of Fayo...
     
 
  Need for Employees' Welfare in the Principles
It is obvious that in this 14 principles something is missing: the inclusion of "staff welfare". Because after all proper measures has been put in place, and the end-result is achieved, what becomes of this team that achieved this goal, apart from be...
     
 
  What is Prevoyance? Explanation
Prevoyance is the function of management which says one must examine the future and draw a plan. How hard is it to forecast what needs to be done in the future? I need a bit of explanation on this, thanks......
     
 
  Explanation and Examples of Esprit de Corps
Can someone please come with an explanation/example how to explain this to students?...
     
 
  The Power of an Ownership Attitude among Employees
As per my analysis, if any employee has an ownership attitude towards his organization, he does not require any kind of management theory to succeed in any kind of competitive market.
Using all kind of management and motivational theories (like ...
     
 
  How to Remember the 14 Principles by Fayol?
How to remember the 14 priciples of management, if we find it difficult to remember?...
     
 
  Difficulties to Apply 14 Principles of Henri Fayol
What difficulties can a manager confront today if he/she tried to implement the principles of Fayol as they were originally stated?...
     
 
  Organizational Efficiency or Effectiveness?
Which is more important for an organization: efficiency or effectiveness? Why?...
     
 
  POLICE Acronym in Management
Can someone explain the terms P. O. L. I. C. E. in management?...
     
 
  Risks in Fayol's 14 Principles of Management
What and where are the risks in the 14 principles of management?...
     
 
  Managers: Born or Made?
I think that managers are mostly born. The persons who have inborn, natural managerial qualities are much better in their role as manager than other managers who have acquired the managerial qualities...
WHAT YOU ALL THINK? Please react…
     
 
  The 10 Principles of Urwick
Similar and well-known are the 10 Principles of Organisation by Lyndall Urwick. According to Urwick (Notes on the Theory of Organization, 1952), an organisation is built on ten principles:
1. The principle of the objective - Every organisation a...
     
 
  Good and bad managers...
Why don't all managers follow the principles of management?? Still they become managers?? Why?? How??...
     
 
  Evolution of Management
The way management is evolving keeps managers on their feet. Everyday brings a new management method. As a result the way we manage today you'll be surprised will change by the year 2010....
     
 

Expert Tips - Principles of Management - Fayol Premium
 

Fayol's 16 Management Duties of the Organisation

1. To aim at giving serious thoughts to activity plans and having them firmly executed.
2. To aim at having employed people and used equipment be...
Usage (application): Management Science
 
 
 

Fayol's 5 Elements of Administration

Fayol wrote any organisation can be subdivided into 6 types of Operations. The sixth one has 5 elements:
6. Administrative Operations:
I. De...
Usage (application): Management Science
 
 
 

Fayol's 6 Types of Operations

Fayol wrote that any organisation can be subdivided into 6 types of Operations. Each operation is fulfilled by its corresponding essential function: Usage (application): Management Science
 
 
 

Fayol's 7 Qualities of Managers

The 7 qualities Fayol expected from managers were:
1. Health and vigour
2. Cleverness
3. Moral qualities
4. General knowledge (cul...
Usage (application): Management Science
 
 
 

Six Groups of Activities of Henri Fayol

Frederick Taylor basically viewed managers as mere overseers with limited responsibility. Fayol viewed the role of managers as critical to organizatio...
Usage (application): Management Science
 
 
 

Why and How the Functions of Managers Have Changed

Traditionally, the task of managers would be described or summarized as "getting the work done by others". Nowadays, the tasks and functions of manage...
Usage (application): Modern Management, Management Functions, Management Roles
 
 
 

Powell's Support to Fayol's Ideas

Fayol named one of the duties of organization "To set up a unique 'direction' (~top management), skilled and vigorous".
General Colin Powe...
Usage (application): Management Science
 
 

Resources - Principles of Management - Fayol Premium

Visions on the Roles of Managers, Management Roles, Managerial Roles

This superb presentation outlines the roles and tasks that managers perform. The presentation includes views of important contributors in the field of...
Usage (application): Management, Leadership, Reflection on What Management Fundamentally is, Workshops, Trainings
 

Mintzberg: 7 Myths on Management

In this interesting interview Prof. Henry Mintzberg refutes 7 myths on leadership and management:
  1. ORCHESTRA CONDUCTOR: One myth about man...
    Usage (application): Management Development, Leadership Development, Managers versus Leaders, MBA
 

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Presentation about Scientific Management that includes a description of the main theorists their contributions to the theory. The presentation consist...
Usage (application): Scientific Management, Taylor, Gannt, Gilbreth, Gulick, Weber, Fayol
 

Original Source Document of the 14 Principles of Fayol

Scan of the section in Fayol's Original Work "Administration Industrielle et Générale" that contains the "Principes et éléments d'administration".
...
Usage (application): Management History 'pur Sang'
 

Fayol Principles of Management

Short presentation by Saruchi Pandey....
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Delegation versus Empowerment

Employees want to feel that their work is important and that they contribute to the success of the company. As a manager/leader (delegator) among your...
Usage (application): Delegation, Employee Empowerment, Situational Leadership, Management
 

The Role of Supervisor | Skills of Supervisors

This presentation elaborates on the skills that supervisors need in order to be successful in their business/organization. The presentation includes t...
Usage (application): Skills of a Supervisor, Supervisor Role, Supervisor Behavior
 

Theory of Bureaucracy (Weber) and the 14 Principles of Management (Fayol)

This presentation presents the 5 Principles of Weber’s Theory of Bureaucracy and Henri Fayol's 14 Principles of Management along with some short obser...
Usage (application): Administration, Management, Early Administrative Management Theories, 5 Principles, Bureaucracy
 

Leading versus Managing

Dr. John Kotter gives his opinion on what are the key differences between leading and managing.
- Management is a set of processes like planning,...
Usage (application): Understanding the differences between Leading and managing
 

Principles of Management

Presentation by WJ Patterson includes some generic thoughts, observations on management and contains some slides on management in ancient times....
Usage (application): Principles and History of Management
 

Brief Overview of the Informal Organization

Presentation that elaborates on the concept of informal organization. The presentation includes the following sections:
1. Informal Organizations...
Usage (application): Informal Organization
 

Interpretation of the 14 Principles of Management: Comparison of Then and Now

Paper by C.A. Rodrigues. This paper compares interpretation Fayol's fourteen Principles of Management today and in the past. Due many cultural, politi...
Usage (application): Principles of Management
 
 

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Compare with the 14 Principles of Management: POSDCORB  |  Organization Chart  |  Fourteen Points of Management (Deming)  |  Ten Schools of Thought  |  Training Within Industry  |  Eight Attributes of Management Excellence  |  Centralization and Decentralization


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